APPLICATION OF GIS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Naveen Kumar FET/C(S)/029

Outline
 What is GIS?
 GIS in civil engineering  Why GIS?  Conclusion  Bibliography

GIS for Location Based Services

What is GIS?
(Geographical Information System)

GIS answers the following Location: What is at.? Where is it? Trends: What has changed since..? Patterns: What spatial patterns exist? Modeling: What if…? GIS for Location Based Services ....

Scale of GIS data Global to local GIS for Location Based Services .

economic development. managed care. marketing. railways. mining. environmental management. urban and regional planning. public transit Electric. gas. logistiAcs. emergency/disaster management. media and press. archaeology. EMS. homeland security. delivery systems. geospatial intelligence Federal. Computer-Aided Dispatch. ports and maritime. law enforcement. forestry. Agriculture. Military operations. climate change. marine and coast. hospitals. highways. wildfire management Aviation. real estate. research. health and human services. telecommunications. water/wastewater GIS for Location Based Services Business Defense/intelligence Government Health Natural resources Public safety Transportation Utilities/communications . elections. fire protection. pipeline. local. conservation.Applications of GIS Technical Civil engineering. water resources. Public health. Site location. surveying. petroleum. state.

GIS in civil engineering .

GIS for Location Based Services .

stormwater and Solid Waste Management GIS for Location Based Services .Applications     Transportation Watershed analysis Remote sensing Wastewater.

Transportation .1.

fast food locations.  Application areas are warehouse location.  Locate sites to best serve allocated demand. GIS for Location Based Services .Location-Allocation  Finding a subset of locations from a set of potential locations that best serve some existing demand at minimize cost. fire stations. schools.

Initial Configuration GIS for Location Based Services .

 Potential site locations and/or existing facilities. GIS for Location Based Services .Location-Allocation Inputs  Customer or demand locations.  The problem to solve.  Street network.

Available Sites GIS for Location Based Services .

 The optimal allocation of demand locations to those sites.  Lots of statistical and summary information about that particular allocation. GIS for Location Based Services .Location-Allocation Outputs  The best sites.

Final Configuration GIS for Location Based Services .

Vehicle Routing GIS for Location Based Services .

Planning locating new roadway corridors GIS for Location Based Services .

Transportation – Emergency Operations  Transportation maps which are critical can be made easily.  Land use maps enhance emergency operations.  Disaster response plans can be developed. GIS for Location Based Services .  Outside computer models used for advance warnings.

2. Watershed analysis .

• Data – land use & land cover.Watershed Characterization • Relate physical characteristics to water quality & quantity. hydrology & topography – related to hydrological properties. GIS for Location Based Services . soils. geology.

the probability of low-flow events  Determine flood zones  Identify high-potential erosion areas GIS for Location Based Services .Watershed Applications  Estimate the magnitude of high-flow events.

Slope Stability Analysis  Derive physical characteristics: • Area. GIS for Location Based Services . watershed topology. perimeter. slope & aspect maps. soil data.  Derive watershed characteristics: • Watershed boundaries. drainage network. maximum width. flow path length. average closing angle.

planning facility maintenance. transportation planning Urban planning. development of public facilities Taxation. regional planning. disaster management and mitigation Locating houses and streets. zoning of land use. telecommunication network services Environmental impact analysis. pipes & cables.Area of GIS Applications Area Facilities Management GIS Applications Locating underground boreholes. land acquisition GIS for Location Based Services Environmental and Natural Resources Management Street Network Planning and Engineering Land Information . car navigation.

GIS for Location Based Services .

Why GIS? .

GIS for Location Based Services .

 Better decision can be made. analysis and represent.  Time and money are saved.  Geospatial data and information are easier to search.  Geospatial data can be shared and exchanged freely. GIS for Location Based Services .Benefits once GIS is implemented  Geospatial data are better maintained in a standard format.  Productivity of the staff improved and more efficient.  More value added product.  Revision and updating are easier.

GIS Versus Manual Works Maps Storage Retrieval Updating Overlay Spatial Analysis Display GIS Standardized and integrated Digital Database Manual works Different scales on different standard Paper Maps. Census. Tables Expensive & Time consuming Complicated Expensive Search by Computer Manual Check Very Fast Easy Cheap & Fast GIS for Location Based Services .

Comparison of Information Management GIS for Location Based Services .

GIS for Location Based Services .

THANK YOU !!! .

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