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Barriers in Perception

Jayakanth C.V. Roll No: 20

Perception O Perception is a process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment O Person Perception Perceptions people form about each other .

Misinterpretations O Implicit Personality O Logical Error O Selective Perception O Halo Effect O Contrast Effects O Projection O Stereotyping O Assumed Similarity .

O We form assumptions about what traits go together in a person. .Implicit personality O This is the general expectations that we build about a person after we know something of their central traits. O For example when we believe that a happy person is also friendly.

O We use this interpretation to form an extensive and consistent view of other people when faced with incomplete information.Logical error O Implicit personality theory could lead us to form assumptions about what traits go together in a person. .

experience. . background.Selective Perception O Selectively interpreting what one sees on the basis of one’s interests. and attitudes.

: Perceiving the Instructor by Students . E.g.Halo Effect O Drawing a general impression about an individual on the basis of a single characteristic. O Intelligence O Sociability O Appearance etc.

. who rank higher or lower on the same characteristics.Contrast Effect O Evaluation of a person’s characteristics that are affected by comparisons with other people recently encountered.

. rather than according to what the person being observed really like.Projection O Attributing one’s own characteristics to other people O It is easy to judge others if we assume that they are similar to us. O People tend to perceive others according to what they themselves are like.

Stereotyping O Judging someone on the basis of one’s perception of the group to which that person belongs O Prejudice: a stereotype that doesn't change even when information disputing it is presented .

Barriers to Accurate Perception: O We often judge ourselves more charitably O O O O than we judge others We tend to favour negative impressions of others over positive ones We cling to first impressions We are influenced by what is most obvious We tend to assume others are similar to us .

Perceptual barriers when Communicating O Complexity of message O Inadequacy of preparation O Linguistic barriers O Context related barriers .

Organizational Behavior --Stephen P. Judge 2.References 1. Robbins & Timothy A. Business Psychology and Organizational Behavior --Eugene McKenna .