BA Innovative Business Myers Briggs Type Indicator

Dr Garry McDowell

Today Session
• Introduction to MBTI • Group Work on How to Use MBTI

What is MBTI
• Inventory based on the work of Carl Jung • Jung suggested that we all have inborn tendencies or preferences to use brains in different ways • Katherine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers developed the inventory based on Jungs work • The MBTI questionnaire used today is based on >50 years of research

What is MBTI • Tool to help you – Understand yourself and your behaviours – Appreciate the strengths and weaknesses of others – Communicate more effectively with others – Improve relationships with others at home and at work .

not strength of ability .What is MBTI • It is NOT a test: there is no right or wrong answer • MBTI measures your type not your trait • MBTI score indicates clarity of preference.

Basic assumptions about type • Jung said that: – Humans perform 2 central activities – we take in information and we make decisions – We have a preferred way of doing this – This preference is inborn – Our MBTI type describes this preference .

.Preference: the handedness activity • • • • Sign you name with your usual hand Now sign your name with your other hand How did that feel Did you use more energy for one than the other • But you could develop your ability to sign your name with your non-preferred hand.

Preferences • Jung identified 8 preferences – 4 opposing pairs – All of the preferences are equally useful and valuable – A question of energy: we use less energy behaving in a preferred way .

Preferences • The 4 pairs of preferences answer the following questions: – Where do you get your energy from – How do you like to take in information – How do you make decisions – What lifestyle do you prefer .

emotions and impressions – Likes quiet for concentration . activities and things – Like variety and action • Introversion – Preference is for drawing energy from ones internal world of ideas.Extraversion and Introversion • Extraversion – Preference is for drawing energy from the outside world of people.

E and I • Develop ideas through discussion • Learn by talking and doing • Do-Think-Do • Tends to speak quickly • Sentences are often long • Develop ideas through reflection • Learn by reading and reflecting • Think – Do – Think • Tends to speak slowly • Pauses before speaking and between sentences .

Sensing and Intuition • Sensing – Preference for taking in information through the 5 senses and noticing what is actual – Focus on immediate issues • Intuition – Preference for taking in information through a 6th sense and noting what might be – Focus on future .

S and N • Provides a realistic practical perspective • Collects facts • Draws on their own experience in problem solving • Asks for/offers evidence • Questions begin: What? / Why? • Provides imagination and meaning • Collects ideas and impressions • Uses lateral thinking for problem solving • Asks for/offers new ideas • Questions begin: Why? .

values orientated way – People focus .Thinking and Feeling • Thinking – Preference for organising and structuring information to decide in a logical and objective way. – Task focus • Feeling – Preference for organising and structuring information to decide in a personal.

T and F • Decisions based on logical analysis • Fair and firm • Applies rules and policies consistently • Head can rule heart • Weights objective evidence • What others have done is of little interest • Decision based on values • Trust and empathy • Applies values consistently • Values harmony and consensus • Heart can rule head • Wants to like and be liked • What others have done matters .

Judging and Perceiving • Judging – Preference for living a planned and organised life – Focus on getting things done – Decisive • Perceiving – Preference for living a spontaneous and flexible life – Focus on process – Leaves things open for as long as possible .

stability and certainty • Offers opinions and advice • Wants timescales agreed • Talks about direction • Likes continuous change • Adapts to others views • Flexible about time .J and P • Talks about goals • Likes order.

sometimes without thinking – Find phone calls a welcome diversion – Develop ideas by discussing them with others – Like having people around and working in teams .Effects of Type Preference on Work Situations (1) • Extraversion – Like participating actively in a variety of tasks – Are often impatient with long slow tasks – Act quickly.

Type and Work (2) • Introversion – Like quiet and private space for concentration – Tend to be comfortable working on one project for a long period without interruption – Are interested in the facts and/or ideas behind their work – Like to think before they act. sometimes to the point of not acting – Find phone calls intrusive – Develop ideas alone through reflection – Like working by themselves or in small groups .

Extraverts and Introverts • To focus on ideas and internal issues • To help them concentrate on one thing at a time • To encourage them to carefully consider alternatives before taking action • To provide calm and quiet • To develop ideas through discussion • To encourage them to think before they speak. .

Introverts needs Extraverts • To focus on people and external issues • To encourage them to take a broader view • To encourage them to take risks occasionally • To provide energy and enthusiasm • To develop ideas through reflection • To encourage them to speak even if they haven’t yet made up their mind .

Type and Work (Cont) • Sensing – Like using experience and standard ways to solve problems – Enjoy applying skills already perfected – Seldom make errors of fact. but may ignore inspirations – Like to do things with a practical bent – Like to present the details of their work first – Prefer continuation of what is. accurately estimating the time needed. with fine tuning – Proceed step-by-step. .

to continuation if what is – Proceed in bursts of energy. following their inspirations as time goes by.Type and Work (cont) • Intuition – – – – – – Like solving new. sometimes radical. . complex problems Enjoy the challenge of learning something new Seldom ignore insights but may overlook facts Like to do things with an introvert bent Like to present an overview of their work first Prefer change.

Sensing Types Need Intuitive • • • • • • • To bring up new possibilities To apply imagination to a problem To see signs of impending change To have enthusiasm To see trends and possibilities To face difficultly with enthusiasm To show them the potential of the future .

Intuitive need sensing types • • • • • • • To bring up pertinent facts To apply experience to a problem To read the fine print To have patience To keep tract of detail To face difficultly with realism To remind them of the joys of the present .

sometimes paying insufficient attention to peoples wishes – Tend to be firm minded and ready to offer criticism – Look at the principles involved in the situation – Want recognition after task requirements are met or exceeded. . concentrating instead on the task – Upset people inadvertently by overlooking there emotions – Decide impersonally.Type and Work • Thinking – Use logical analysis to reach conclusions – Can work without harmony.

telling people unpleasant things – Look at the underlying values in the situation – Want appreciation throughout the process of working on a task . even avoid. even in small matters Let decisions be influenced by their own and other peoples likes and dislikes – Are sympathetic and dislike.Type and Work • Feeling – – – – Use values to reach conclusions Work best in harmony with others Enjoy meeting peoples needs.

Thinkers need Feeling types • • • • • • To persuade To conciliate To anticipate how others will feel To arouse enthusiasm To sell To take into account others views .

Feeling Types need Thinkers • • • • • • To analyse To organise To find flaws To be consistent To tell To stand firm against opposition .

Type and Work • Judging – Work best when they can plan their own work and work to their plan – Enjoy organising and finishing tasks – Keep focus on what needs to be completed. situation or person – Decide quickly in their desire for closure – Seek structure and schedules – Use lists to prompt action on specific tasks . ignoring other things that come up – Feel more comfortable once a decision has been made about a thing.

Type and Work • Perceiving – Want flexibility in their work – Enjoy starting tasks and leaving them open for last minute changes – Want to include as much as possible. thus deferring needed tasks – Feel comfortable staying open to experiences. noting wanting to miss anything – Post pone decisions because of a search for options – Adapt to changing situations and feel restricted with too much structure – Use lists to remind them of possible things to do when time allows .

Judging types need Perceiving Types • To provide flexibility and challenge • To encourage them to consider all the options before deciding • To help them to embrace change • To encourage them to be more ‘multi’ tasking .

.Perceiving types need Judging Types • • • • To provide structure and clarity To encourage them to make decisions To provide a degree of stability To encourage them to finish one project before starting another.

Type Combinations • • • • • • • • ST – practical and matter of fact SF – sympathetic and friendly NF – enthusiastic and insightful NT – logical and ingenious SJ – realistic decision maker SP – adaptable realist NP – adaptable innovator NJ – visionary decision maker .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful