HAZARD Recognition – Evaluation – Control

Engineering Approach

Villanueva Gomez Bogñalos Gonzales

Hazard Anything that has the potential to cause harm. . including injury. disease. death. environmental or property and equipment damage.

. It relates to the identification and safety inspection of hazards.Hazard Recognition This is the process of examining each work area and work task for the purpose of identifying all the hazards which are “inherent in the job”.

• laboratories • office areas • Agricultural and horticultural • environments • stores and transport maintenance and grounds Reprographics lecture theatres Teaching spaces Tasks: • using screen based • equipment • audio and visual equipment • • industrial equipment • • hazardous substances and/or dangerous goods teaching/dealing with people. construction. . driving a vehicle dealing with emergency situations.Places Commonly Observed Work areas : • • • • machine workshops.

Process  Past incidents/accidents must be examined  Employees must be consulted to find out what they consider are safety issues  Work areas or work sites must be examined to find out what is happening now. .  Some creative thinking about what could go wrong  Information about equipment and available safety precautions.

chemical.  Large reservoirs or high magnitudes of energy can generate drastic effects. .  Energy forms include thermal. and radiation energies. electrical.Energy Exchange Concept  Free energy transfer in any uncontrolled manner generates damage in people and machines. potential. kinetic.

Hazard Evaluation An assessment that requires both risk determination and risk judgement decision using data from previous accidents/events. .

Process  Analyse the risk  Review health and safety information  Evaluate the likelihood of an injury occurring and the likely severity of an injury or illness that may occur  Determine the actions necessary to eliminate or control the risk. factors that may be contributing to .  Assess records that it is necessary to keep to ensure that the risks are eliminate or controlled.

.Considerations  Whether there are any other risk factors that increase the likelihood of exposure?  How often is the person exposed (frequency)?  For how long is the person exposed (duration)?  How many people are exposed?  The likely dose to which the person is exposed?  Any legislative or recommended exposure levels required by statutory authorities.


. and other relevant information.Hazard Control This is the process of implementing the most cost effective risk control measures having regard to the general safety. legislative provisions.

Chemical store room. Appropriate guarding for machinery. or laboratory kept locked except to an authorised person. Lock out procedures on faulty equipment. eg: a. . c. Use engineering solutions: modify existing machinery or plant or purchase different machinery or plant. b. method or material to reduce the risk or the hazard Isolate or enclose the hazard: separate the hazard from the workplace.Process     Eliminate the hazard: remove it from the workplace Substitute the hazard: substitute a substance.

Caution. Handling of chemicals – gloves.    Administrative Procedures: develop work methods to reduce the conditions of risk. Job rotation to restrict hours worked on difficult jobs. b. . eg: a. where the hazard cannot be removed or reduced by any other means. eg: a. c. aprons. Protecting eyes from flying particles. Staff trained in the correct operating procedures. safety glasses. Written Safe Operating Procedures b. Protecting feet – safety boots. Warning and Alarms Do Nothing. Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and training in its use: this should only be used as a last resort to deal with the hazard. c.

R – E – C Cycle .

^@) .QUIZ!!! @==(^.

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