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COMPRESSOR

Member of group : 1. Arfan Maysar R

2.
3. 4. 5. 6.

Ilham Rasyid S
Liyana Madayu Prima Arifa A Rizky Andrianto P Yunus Bachtiar

General Description
A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.

One of the most commonly used is reciprocating compressor. It also called as Piston compressor. It is positive displacement compressor that used piston driven by crankshaft to deliver gases at high pressure.

Description of each components


1. 2. 3. Cyilinder Inlet valve Exhaust valve Piston V-belt Engine Tank

2 1

3 4 5 6

4. 5. 6. 7.

Step work compressor 1. Suction step 2. Compressing step 3. Step out

Compare between reciprocating and rotary compressor


Reciprocating Cost advantage as a single-acting, air cooled unit below 30 hp. Double-acting units used above 250 psig and in nonlubricated applications. Normally used for heavy-duty, continuouse service. High overall efficiency. Operates efficiently at partial loads. Saves horsepower in no-load conditions. High initial and maintenance costs. Large sizes require heavy foundations.

Rotary screw
Used more in 150 psig, lubricated air systems above 30 hp. Used for constant-volume, variablepressure applications. Oil or water is used for sealing and cooling. Must vent reservoir to lower power consumption when unloaded. Delivers high air volume in a compact space. Smooth, pulse-free output.

Easy to install and maintain.


Low vibration.

Advantages and disadvantages


Advantages of Reciprocating Compressor Easy to install Simple design Lower cost Large range of horse power Can reach high pressures High efficiency for two stage compressors Especially useful for low to moderate flow rates, low molecular weight gases, and high required discharge pressures Easily multi-staged

Disadvantages of Reciprocating Compressor


Low capacity Low reliability due to many wearing parts High maintenance required

Little flexibility in material choices


Pulsation and unbalanced forces created by reciprocating motion

Application
Refrigeration and air conditioner equipment Gas turbine systems compress the intake combustion air. In pipeline transport of purified natural gas from the production site to the consumer heat pumps in SCUBA diving, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and other life support devices Some types of jet enginessuch as turbojets and turbofans) Turbochargers and superchargers

Maintenance
Always dry your compressor tank from moisture or water in it. Always follow the manual guide of the Air Compressor you buy Clean the air inlet valve of compressor Tighten the Bolts and Nuts Check your compressor hose regularly Test the safety shutdown system Replace the air filter if needed

Clean the Fuel Tank


check and change the oil in the compressor