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Information System & Cloud Computing Drive Changes in Education

Group 3 : Ashish Yadav Atul Tiwari Neeraj Kumar Rishi Bhardwaj Rohit Gossain Shankar Chhabra

Origin of the Study

Role of education in development of Mankind Where is the workforce for future? Where is the infrastructure for education? Resources for the large Population of India Harness the benefits of ICT and cloud computing

Indian Demographics & Education

India rank 134 in Human Development Index and education is a major factor in this. 7th largest country, 2nd most populous. 25 % population below poverty line. Diverse culture, Remote locations.
More than 1.12 million schools. Education 2nd largest sector globally.

Education Stakeholders
Concurrent Subject Government of India State Governments Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under GoI provides policy framework

Education Government Efforts

Emphasized in Five year plans. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in 2001 for primary education Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) in March 2009 for secondary education ICT @ schools scheme 2004 National Knowledge Network collaborative effort of MHRD, DoT and Deptt of IT

Right to Education bill August 2009

India ICT Indicators

ICT Parameter Year Value Internet users (per 100) Internet Subscribers (per 100) 2010 2008 7.84 1.09

Broadband Subscribers
Mobile Coverage (%) Mobile Subscribers (per 100) Mobile & Fixed-line Subscribers (per 100) Personal Computers (per 100) Internet Affordability (US $/month) Mobile Affordability (US $/month)

2007 2010 2008 2008 2007 2007

61 64.24 33.75 3.29 6.6 2.5

India ICT Indicators

Personal computers (per 100 people)

India ICT Indicators


Technology Education
Cloud Computing Benefits Availability of Information with large Databases.
Better learning material Improved learning experience

Rapid exchange of information. Just-In-Time approach No constraint of Space & Time Prepare workforce for future

Technology Education
Cloud Computing Effects Changing Teaching Practices & Methodology Changing Course Content Staff Recruitment & Training

Cloud Computing
On-demand computing, from anywhere and for anyone with a network connection, irrespective of the device of connection.
As per National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
On-demand service Broad network access Resource pooling Flexible resource allocation Measured service

Cloud Architecture

Cloud Offerings
Software as a Service (SaaS): Applications such as e-mail. Platform as a Service (PaaS) : Operating environment in which application runs. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) : On-demand data centers.

Cloud Infrastructure

Cloud Characteristics & Benefits

Agility - allows to re-provision the technological infrastructure

Cost - Capital expenditure is converted to operational Device and Location independence Virtualization Sharing increases utilization without effecting

Reliability Security Maintenance

Risk & Barriers

Lack of definitive market standards Fear of weaker technology & obsolescence Lack of transferability and Switching cost Chance of failure at times Security, Privacy & Confidentiality Non-availability of Network Infrastructure Cost of Data transfer Adoption Barrier - Resistance to Change

Change Management
Change mindset of people Change should be gradual Better rules and regulations Setting market standards Emphasis on IT infrastructure development

Future Trends
ICT will be used in schools in the following ways :

ICT as the focus of innovation. Teaching and learning with ICT. Educational management with ICT. Extending the boundaries of the school

Virtual Classrooms Changed way of learning

Case Kendriya Vidyalaya

Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan - an autonomous organization under MHRD - has 1092 schools, 1090 functional - PC ratio of 21:1 as against 53:1 in 2005 - added around 36,000 PCs in the last 6yrs

ICT Infrastructure in KVS

S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Item Total no. of functional KVs Total no. of computers available in KVs Total no. of students in KVs Student Computer ratio No. of KVs with computer labs No. of KVs having Internet Connectivity No. of KVs having Broad Band Connectivity No. of KVs having their own Websites 1090 49,311 10,58,450 21:1 1017 (94%) 1046 (96%) 1030 (95%) 1052 (96%) Number

Initiatives by KVS
Shiksha, partnership between KVS & Microsoft
MoU with Microsoft for training of Teachers and Principals Spectrum of education resources,Collaboration with Oracle

Students can work on single platform, interact with students at other locations, work on projects and create webpages Oracle provide courses