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DESIGN OF WIDEBAND MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA

Group Members: Mahendra Kumar Verma Amit Pal Dushyant Sharma Manvendra Singh

WHAT IS ANTENNA

A very important element of radio equipment. Usually used with radio tranmitter and reciever. An electrical device which converts electric power into radio waves and vice-versa.

TYPES OF ANTENNA
Wire

antenna Reflector antenna Travelling wave antenna Aperture antenna Microstrip patch antenna

MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA


It consist of a flat rectangular sheet of metal (patch) mounted over a larger sheet of metal called ground plane.

SHAPES OF MICROSTRIP PATCH


Square Dipole Circular Rectangular Elliptical triangle

ADVANTAGE OF MSA

Light weight Smaller size and lesser volume Easily mounted to any desired shape Fabrication simple,production is easy, fabrication cost is low. Support linear as well as circular polarization Capable of dual and tripple frequency operations. Mechanically robust when mounted on rigid surface

LIMITATIONS OF MSA
Low bandwidth Low efficiency Low gain Low power handling capacity Design complexity due to smaller size Effect of radiation from feeds and junctions Excitations of surface waves

APPLICATIONS OF MSA

Automatic toll collection Cellular phone Cellular video Collision avoidence radar Direct broadcast satellite Global positioning satellite GSM Paging Personal communication system Wide area computer network Wireless area network

PARAMETERS OF MSA
Frequeny of operation() Dielectric constant of the substrate () Height of the dielectric substrate(h) Length of patch(L) Width of patch(w)

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