The physical parts of a computer are called hardware.

We can divided the computer hardware into the four main groups: 1. 2. 3. 4. System Unit Input Unit Output Unit Storage Unit.

The System Unit contains the main component of a computer such as the mainboard, CPU, RAM and some optional parts such as sound card, network card.

ROM 6. Computer case 2. Video card 7. Network card 3.SYSTEM UNIT Main components (parts) Optional components 1. Modem 4. Radio card . Power Supply 1. CPU (processor) 4. Motherboard (mainboard) 3. RAM 5. Sound card 2. TV card 5.

Full (big) tower case .SYSTEM UNIT COMPUTER CASE Types of the computer cases: 1. 3. Desktop case 2. Mini tower case The computer case is only the metal and plastic box that holds the computer parts together and protects them. Mid tower case 4.

SYSTEM UNIT MAINBOARD The mainboard (also called motherboard or system board) is the biggest board inside computer case. .




The main CPU manufacturers today are INTEL (Pentium processors) and AMD (Athlon processors). .SYSTEM UNIT CPU Central Processing Unit The CPU is one of the most important and expensive component in your computer. CPU speed is measured in gigahertz (GHz).

.CPU The CPU is located on mainboard.

Every CPU has a cooler system with a small fan and heat sink.SYSTEM UNIT CPU Cooler: Fan and Heat Sink The CPU produces too much heat during operation. . If excessive heat will not be enough cooled this heat may damage the CPU.

When you turn off the computer all information on RAM will disappear. .SYSTEM UNIT RAM (Random Access memory ) RAM is the temporary memory which is used to keep data and programs in use.

.RAM The RAM is located on mainboard.

disk drives… .SYSTEM UNIT ROM (Read only memory ) ROM is located in a chip on the mainboard which is stores a program to load operating system program on booting and has BIOS program (basic input output system) to operate the main part of a computer such as keyboard.

SYSTEM UNIT Video Card Video card is used for to connect your monitor to your computer and produce text and graphics to show on monitor. .

.SYSTEM UNIT Power Supply The power supply transforms the city electricity (wall outlet) 220V to the lower voltages such as 5 and 12V. Power Supply supports the power to computer parts.

SYSTEM UNIT Power Supply Power supply .

.SYSTEM UNIT Sound Card The sound card produces the sound and send the sound to the computer speakers.

SYSTEM UNIT Network Card The network card connects one computer to the another computer on the computer network. By the help of the network card and cable computers on the network can communicate each other. .

SYSTEM UNIT Modem A modem connects your computer to the telephone system. External modem Internal modem . If you use internet using your telephone line or if you send fax from your computer you need a modem.

webcam.INPUT UNIT A computer uses input devices to get in data. . joystick. and digital camera. Other examples for the input devices are a scanner. light pen. touch screen. The most common input devices are the keyboard and the mouse.

.INPUT UNIT Keyboard A keyboard is the most common device to enter information into a computer.

mouse pointer on the screen will move. By clicking and moving your mouse you can operate your computer. When you move mouse on the table. .INPUT UNIT Mouse A mouse is the another popular input device.

.INPUT UNIT Scanner You can use a scanner to transfer your picture and text to the computer.

INPUT UNIT Microphone A microphone is used to record and transfer sound to your computer. .

.INPUT UNIT Joystick A joystick is another kind of pointing device which is often used for computer games.

INPUT UNIT Webcam A webcam is a small digital camera which allows you to exchange sound and video through the Internet or on the computer network. .

You can transfer the pictures in digital camera’s memory to computer and you can see them instantly.INPUT UNIT Digital Camera A Digital Camera electronically snaps pictures and store them in memory instead of on traditional film. .

speaker. printer. plotter.OUTPUT UNIT A computer uses output devices to show information. . The most common input devices are the monitor.

17" … CRT monitor LCD monitor A 15 inch screen. 15 inch = 38. There are two types of monitors: CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) and LCD (Liquid Crystal Display).1 cm. The size of a monitor measure in inch such as 15".OUTPUT UNIT Monitor A monitor. or computer screen displays images and text produced by the programs. . The monitor is connected to the video card.

inkjet printer and dot matrix printer. Dot matrix printer Inkjet printer Laser printer .OUTPUT UNIT Printer A printer is an output device which prints text and graphics onto the paper. There are three types of printers: Laser printer.

. but can print the large images.OUTPUT UNIT Plotter A plotter is an output device similar to the printer.




.OUTPUT UNIT Speakers and Headphones A speaker gives out the sound which is produced by your computer’s sound card. Speakers is connected to the sound card by a audio cable.

flash disk. The most common storage devices are the hard disk. and tape. compact disc. . floppy disk. zip disk.STORAGE UNIT A computer uses storage devices to keep (store) information.

Hard disk is the main and largest storage device which is located inside the computer case. It is the secondary memory to store programs and information.STORAGE UNIT HARD DISK A hard disk is also called fixed disk or winchester. Two hard disks are installed in this computer. .

STORAGE UNIT HARD DISK An earlier hard disk .

If you compare to hard disk It is very slow and has very small storage capacity.STORAGE UNIT FLOPPY DISK A floppy disk is also called diskette. It is the portable memory to store programs and information. .


FLOPPY DISK Front view One floppy disk is installed in this computer. .

STORAGE UNIT COMPACT DISC Compact disc also called optical disk is portable memory to store programs.5 GB capacity. . It has smaller capacity than hard disk but larger than floppy disk. CD-ROM: Compact Disc – Read Only Memory DVD-ROM: Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc .Read Only Memory CD-ROM has 650 to 700 MB (450 times larger then a diskette) and DVD-ROM has 4.7 to 8.


It is similar to floppy disk but has much capacity. .STORAGE UNIT ZIP DISK Zip disk is permanent and portable memory to store programs and information. They can have up to 750 MB capacity.

. They can have from 256MB to several GB variety capacities.STORAGE UNIT FLASH DISK Flash disk is permanent and portable memory to store programs and information.

They look like a music cassette. but with much capacity. They are often used for backup to make a safe copy of important data that a company or a user doesn't want to lose. .STORAGE UNIT Magnetic Tape A magnetic tape is permanent and portable memory to store programs and information.

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