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CICLO 2013-I Mdulo:I

Unidad: 1 Semana: 2

ENGLISH VIII

Lic. Elva Cirilo Chapi

PRESENT PERFECT VS PAST SIMPLE


When do we use each tense in English

ORIENTACIONES
LEA CON ATENCION LAS AYUDAS . TENGA SIEMPRE A MANO UN DICCIONARIO PARA ACLARAR DUDAS.REVISE LOS ENLACES BIBLIOGRAFICOS. LEA LOS EJEMPLOS Y TRATE DE REALIZAR LOS SUYOS. PARA AFIANZAR LOS CONTENIDOS RESUELVA LAS AUTOEVALUACIONES Y LOS ENLACES INTERESANTES.

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE VS. SIMPLE PAST


DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE AND THE SIMPLE PAST. COMMOM EXPRESSIONS IN PRESENT PERFECT TENSE AND SIMPLE PAST. EXAMPLES.

EXERCISES TO DO.

REMEMBER

Different grammar tenses are used in different situations or contexts and they carry different meanings FOR EXAMPLE

Past tense vs. Present perfect!


PAST TENSE Used the simple past for action that happened in the past and is
Over, done, finished.

PRESENT PERFECT Used the present perfect for action that started in the past and
Is still true today

The simple past always refers to an action that is finished.

The present perfect connects the past and the present.It is used to show that an action or situation in the past: Continues today or might happen again.

STUDY THESE EXAMPLES


Sara lived in Boston for 5 years. PAST SIMPLE: Sara started living in Boston for 5 years and then she MOVED Now she lived in a different city Sara has lived in Boston for 5 years. PRESENT PERFECT Sara began living in Boston 5 years ago and she STILL LIVES there. The present perfect connects the past with the present

SOME WORDS USED:


We used the simple past with words like: We used the present perfect with: , lately, for, since ,recently So far this.

Yesterday, last month, When I was.. In 2003.

ADDITIONAL NOTES ABOUT THE PRESENT PERFECT

We often use present perfect to say that something happened sooner than expected. Example: Jane: Dont forget to mail that letter. Tom: Ive already mailed it.

PRESENT PERFECT USES


We often use present perfect to say that we have never done something at any time in the past. Example: I have never visited London. But someday, I hope to travel there.

USES:
We often use the present perfect tense with the expression: This is the first time Example: Leonard is nervous. This is the first time he has flown on an airplane.

EVER AND NEVER


We often use present perfect with ever and never Example:

Nancy: Have you ever played tennis? Lina: No, Ive never played before, but I would like to learn!

LETS PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT OR PAST TENSE!!


1.-When I was a child , I ___________(swim) a lot. 2.-So far this week,we______(study) a lot. 3.-Theo____(be) very sick recently. 4.- I _____ (have) a terrible headache yesterday. 5.- It ___(rain) a lot lately. 6.- They ____(get) married ten years ago. 7.- I ____(go) to Balboa Park many times 8.-My family __(take) a vacation last year

CONCLUSIONES Y/O ACTIVIDADES DE INVESTIGACIN SUGERIDAS

Simple past tense : action that finished in the past Present perfect tense: action that started in a particular time in the past and continue to the present.

THANKS