Lightweight Concrete Made From Natural (pόmez) and Manufactured Vesicular Aggregates

By Ted Bremner Professor Emeritus & Honorary Research Professor University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada Ecuador January 2012

2 .Natural Vesicular Aggregates • Vesicular aggregates such as pumice and scoria have been used since about 273 B. at Cosa. the Romans went 40 km inland to get a volcanic lightweight rock.C. to make durable marine structures. • On the west coast of Italy. even though normalweight sand and gravel were readily available on the beach.

Port of Cosa on the West Coast of Italy 3 .

4 .

Location of Volcanic Aggregates 5 .

• The method of manufacture and microstructure of the aggregate produced then is essentially unchanged to this day.S. 6 . clay or slate in a rotary kiln. So good long-term durability is assured. • This product was used to make the U. Selma – a lightweight concrete ship used in World War I.Manufactured Vesicular Aggregates • In 1918 Steven Hayde patented a process of expanding shale.

7 .

Charlotte.C.S. U.. 47th Floor – 50 MPa 8 .Bank of America.A. N.

using expanded clay RHOBACK Technologies of Germany succeeded in achieving full control over grain size. density. compressive strength and spherical shape with bulk densities ranging from 325 to 800 kg/m3. 9 .• In 1967.

CANMET Specimens at Treat Island Marine Exposure Site 10 .

Fill over low load bearing soil – load balancing. 11 . Lightweight aggregates have a high angle of internal friction.Non Structural Uses For Vesicular Aggregates With Particular Applications For Pumice 1) Low Density Granular Fill Used to repair slope failures on highways.

Used where bacterial film has to anchor and develop.2) Filter Beds For treatment of municipal waste. 12 .

13 . and high-speed highways in mountainous regions. automobile raceways.3) Arrester Beds At end of airport runways.

14 . Reduces lateral and vertical stresses on embedments by 50%. Tunnels and Buildings High insulating aggregates reduce depth needed to bury pipes in cold climates.4) Backfilling around Pipes.

Highly absorbent aggregates provide a slow release of moisture and fertilizer. 15 .5) Horticultural Growing Medium Ideal material for “green roofs”.

16 .6) Refractor Use Can be used to reline furnaces when combined with stainless steel fibres and plastic fibres. The latter allows steam to escape without explosive spalling.

ca• NOTE: All Six Non Structural Uses can more effectively be accomplished with the lighter pumic aggregates on the Pacific Rim of South America. Thank you bremnert@unb.htm 17 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful