Presentation on United Kingdom’s Culture

INTRODUCTION

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Full name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Population: 61 million (UN, 2008) Capital: London Area: 242,514 sq km (93,638 sq miles) Major language: English Major religion: Christianity Life expectancy: 77 years (men), 82 years (women) (UN) Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence Main exports: Manufactured goods, chemicals, foodstuffs GNI per capita: US $42,740 (World Bank, 2007) Internet domain: .uk International dialling code: +44

Culture

Diversity: There is a wide mix of cultures in the UK. In London there are foreign communities from most parts of the world. Tolerance: British people are usually tolerant to foreigners, and respect the freedom to have different opinions and beliefs. Freedom: People usually feel free to express their own opinions and wear what they want. Don't expect people to agree with you all of the time.

Cautiousness: People often avoid talking to strangers until they have been introduced, partly to avoid any possible embarrassment. Creativity: Individual ideas are encouraged. Arts and music are creative. British people are often not so good at working as a group. Modesty: People are quite modest. They do not like to complain directly: life is peaceful, but when there is poor service it is not challenged and changed. Humour: British people have a strong sense of humour, but it can be hard for foreigners to understand when someone is joking.

CLASS
 ‘upper

class’  the middle class  the working class

Language
 English

is the main language and the de facto official language  The UK is where the English language developed. 95% of the UK population speak English.  British English is easily understood in all parts of the world.

Travel
It is easy to travel to the UK. There are flights to London from most parts of the world. You can travel around the UK by trains and bus

Heritage
 Britain

has an interesting history and is good at preserving its traditions and old buildings and gardens. There are many museums and art galleries.

Health
 If

you are on a course for more than 6 months, you should be able to obtain free health treatment if you become ill.  However, the public health service is not especially efficient, and there can be delays seeing a doctor or obtaining treatment (unless you are seriously ill).

Safety

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The UK is a relatively safe country. The police do not usually carry guns, and there are strict controls on the ownership of weapons. There are not many insects, snakes or dangerous animals in the UK. There is very little risk of earthquakes, hurricanes or other natural disasters, although flooding sometimes occurs in low areas. As in many other parts of the world, there is some risk of terrorist attack.

ACCOMODATION
Home stay Accommodation living in someone's home with a "host family", often arranged in co-operation with a school Breakfast and evening meals are provided, usually eating together with the family The bathroom is probably shared with other members of the family Bedsit / hall of residence A single room in which you live and sleep; the room is both a bedroom and a sitting room (living room) The cooking area (if there is one) is usually shared There is usually a wash basin in the room, but the bathroom may be shared Services such as cleaning and changing of sheets are often provided

Studio flat A small flat where the living room and bedroom are combined (a flat is known as an "apartment" in American English). Usually the room has its own entrance and you are free to come and go when you want. There is usually a small bathroom, but this may only contain a basin, toilet and shower.

Flatshare / shared house A "flatshare" is when you share a flat with one or more other people. You may have your own room, or alternatively you may share a twinbedded or double-bedded room with another person.

 REQUIREMENTS IF U R COMING TO UK
For highly skilled workers, investors and entrepreneurs Highly skilled workers, investors, entrepreneurs and foreign students who have graduated from a United Kingdom university can apply. You do not need to have a specific job offer, but you will need to pass a points-based assessment to be eligible to apply. For sponsored skilled workers If you have a job offer from a UK-based employer who is prepared to sponsor you, you can apply for permission to enter or stay in the United Kingdom. For temporary workers If you want to come to the United Kingdom to undertake short-term, temporary work there are specific arrangements for you.

Sport

The national sport of the UK is football, having originated in England, and the UK has the oldest football clubs in the world. A great number of major sports originated in the United Kingdom, including football, squash, golf, tennis, boxing, rugby ( rugby union and rugby league), cricket, field hockey, snooker, billiards, badminton.

Education

England's universities include the so-called Oxbridge universities of (Oxford University and Cambridge University) which are amongst the world's oldest universities and are generally ranked top of all British universities. Some institutions are world-renowned in specialised and often narrow areas of study

RANK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UNIVERSITY University of oxford University of Cambridge Imperial college London London school of Economics University of st. andrecos University of Warwick University college London Durham university The university of work Bristol university

Voluntary work has a long history in the UK and is usually well organized. The cost of living in the UK is quite high, so many students want to find part-time or holiday jobs

WEATHER

Days are short in the middle of winter (it gets dark before 4pm in December) There is usually more rain in the west of the country, and more sunshine in the south.

Literature
British literature and British poetry, particularly that of William Shakespeare, is revered across the world.  Other famous poets are: William Blake, William Wordsworth, John Keats, Lord Byron, Charles Dickens, William Thackeray, George Eliot, Lord Alfred Tennyson and Thomas Hardy And at present Salman Rushdie , J. K. Rowling.

ENTERTAINMENT

BRIEF ENCOUNTER

JAMES BOND

JOHNY ENGLISH

Da vinchi code

Religion Belief
 People

in the UK are free to choose and follow their own religious beliefs.  Christianity is the main religion amongst British people, but there are also large communities of Muslims, Sikhs, Hindus and Jews, and smaller communities of Baha'is, Buddhists, Jains and Zoroastrians.

Fewer than 1 in 10 people in the UK attend church regularly. The average weekly church attendance for the Church of England is about 1.3 million.

There are over 500,000 Hindus in the UK. The Shri Swaminarayan Mandir and Haveli is located at: 105119 Brentfield Road, Neasden, London NW10 8HD

There are over 400,000 Sikhs in the UK. There are over 200 gurdwaras in the UK. The largest centre of the Punjabi community is in Southall, Middlesex.

There are about 1.5 million Muslims in the UK. There are over 600 mosques in the UK. The most well-known is the London Central Islamic Centre and Mosque (also known as Regent's Park Mosque)

MONEY (pound)
UK banks include the following:  NatWest  Royal Bank of Scotland  HSBC  Barclays  Lloyds TSB  Halifax  Bank of Scotland  Abbey National  Cooperative Bank

FOOD
 It

is increasingly popular for British people get a takeaway or go to a restaurant instead of cooking at home

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The first meal of the day in the morning is breakfast (usually eaten between about 7:30 and 9:00). Tea-break at about 11:00 in the morning (Elevenses). Lunch (luncheon) is the meal eaten in the middle of the day (usually between about 12:30 and 2:00). A Sunday roast is a traditional meal eaten by a family at Sunday lunchtime Tea-time is a small meal eaten in the late afternoon (usually between about 3:30 and 5:00). Supper is the most common name for the meal eaten in the evening (usually between 7:00 and 8:30).

PEOPLE
@The United Kingdom's high literacy rate (99%) is attributable to universal public education introduced for the primary level in 1870 and secondary level in 1900. @ Education is mandatory from ages 5 through 16.

ORGANISATION BEHAVIOUR
UK CHINA

Punctuality

SELF
UK CHINA

Queue
UK CHINA

FASHION
CHINA UK

Interpersonal Relationships
UK CHINA

COMMUNICATION
UK CHINA

PROBLEM SOLVING
UK CHINA

LEADERSHIP
UK CHINA

What the interviewer is looking for ….when you apply for post in UK

(1) Hard worker (so that you can do jobs quickly and efficiently) (2) Team player (you should be able to work well with the other members of staff) (3) Customer skills (for example, providing a good service or dealing with difficult situations) (4) Communication skills (including adequate English speaking and listening ability) (5) Flexible (so you will do whatever tasks are necessary, cover for sick staff etc) (6) Friendly and fun (so that other members of staff can enjoy working with you) (7) Honest (so that you can be trusted with money or the company's things) (8) Long-term (the manager doesn't want to waste time recruiting and training new members of staff) (9) Business-minded (so that you understand the need to make profits or to keep costs down)

COLLAGE