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Cien años de soledad

One Hundred Years of Solitude


Gabriel García Márquez

Map colombia

Old maps




vestigial tail

Millions of butterflies v=l42ca94m-bE

Army ants m/watch?v=DXaaTQzt oI0

Stories linked to spiritual or religious life in the oral tradition of a particular culture, which often involve supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity Often intended to explain the universal and local beginnings, natural phenomena, inexplicable cultural conventions or rituals, or anything else for which no simple explanation presents itself Creation/Founding; epic qualities--hero, journey, long periods of time; importance of ancestors; prophecies; initiation

an ideal example of a type. A primordial image, character or pattern of circumstances that recurs through literature and thought consistent enough to be universal. According to Jung, an inherited pattern of thought or symbolic imagery derived from past collective experience and present in the individual unconscious examples: first man/woman; hero; sidekick; “magical advisor; rebel; wise old person; shady woman with a heart of gold; trickster; earth mother; regeneration [life-death-rebirth]

the difference between the way something appears and what is actually true a state of affairs or an event that seems deliberately contrary to what one expects and is often amusing as a result

European literary movement that started in the late 1700s Got to Latin America around 1830 and predominated until 1880s, but some traces have always remained.

Cast aside rules of neoclassical writings in vavor of spontaneity, experimentation, exaggeration, sentimentalism, exoticism. Combine beauty and ugliness. Love is all-consuming and can be devastating. Exaltation of sacrifice and decadence. Suicides common. Victims alone against the world. Romantic heros often marginalized.
Nature symbolic of liberty, also of chaos. Favored liberalism, progress. Urban vs. rural--civilized vs. barbaric. Linguistic renovation, incorporate regionalisms.

El Boom
Refers to explosion of literary activity among Latin Americans, 1960s-70s.
Innovation and experimentation. Leftist politics. Long and/or complex novels--worked to write it, work to read it Carlos Fuentes, Julio Cortázar, Alejo Carpentier, Mario Vargas Llosa, GGM Real and magic are culturally determined Non-linear

International influences

Gabriel García Márquez & Cuba
On July 26, 1953, Fidel Castro and 100 rebels launched an assault on the Moncada barracks, the headquarters of Batista military in the south, and the second most important military garrison in the country. The attack failed, and Fidel escaped to the nearby Sierra Maestra mountains. He was later captured and put on trial, where he defended himself and delivered his "History will absolve me" speech. Over one-third of the rebels were immediately captured; they were tortured and killed. Fidel returned on November 30, 1956 which led to the "triumph of the Revolution" on January 1, 1959. The Barracks are now a school and the Museum of the Revolution. El caso Padilla. Los gusanos

The novel and history
Conservatives vs. liberals--more like warring factions than political parties. Costeños vs. cachacos (coast vs. inland/Bogotá—can be derrogative in the sense of overly conservative; can be descriptive in terms of being well-dressed) 1899-1902 1000 days war--The Thousand Days’ War was a Civil War fought
in Colombia between the years of 1899 and 1902. The basic conflict behind the war was the conflict between liberals and conservatives, so it was a ideological war as opposed to a regional one, and it divided families and was fought all over the nation. After about 100,000 Colombians had died, both sides called a halt to the fighting.

1928 Banana Strike Massacre La Violencia 1946-48, 1953

Col. Nicolás Ricardo Márquez Mejía—GGM’s grandfather, fought in 1000 days war
Tranquila Iguarán Cotes—GGM’s grandmother, superstitious storyteller; she & the colonel raised him Luisa Santiaga Márquez Iguarán—mother, GGM 1 of 11 (una hermana comía tierra); never read 100 years since “had lived it;” religious; had premonitions; raised “as a princess” by liberal town leader; sold candy animals Gabriel Eligio García—father; telegraph operator; poor; conservative;

The novel and biography

Mercedes Barcha Pardo—GGM’s wife; met her when she was 13 (declared her the most interesting person he’d ever met); married 14 years later.


Fernando Botero


Fernanda del Carpio represents Spain, Old World, traditional, formal, religious

Aristocratic name[s]
Include several generations so people know you’re descended from important people:

María Luisa Fernández de Cervantes de Borges y Galdós

The cycles that continue: names Melquíades little gold fish wars change and chaos brought by outsiders

strong women dealing with strong but flawed men

What’s magical and what’s exaggerated? What might have a more or less reasonable explanation? Melquíades’ room being pristine after years of not being used

Sex with Petra Cotes makes livestock prolific
the charms and disappearance of Remedios la Bella Fernanda as the Queen of Madagascar The shipment of Fernanda’s father as a Christmas present The ashes that didn’t come off the foreheads of the 17 Aurelianos The town’s rejection of movies How the gringos changed the rain patterns, harvest cycles, river’s direction, etc.

Write in class--Superstitions
We all have them, even if we don’t admit it. What we do with them, how we use them, how strongly they influence our lives, may vary. What is/are yours? Are they shared by anyone in your family or by friends? How did it/they start?

When reading 13-15, note the exaggerations, repetitions, criticisms of politicians & imperialism. Can you think of any cover-ups or scandals comparable to the banana massacre?

]Imperialism is a policy of exerting effective and continuing control or authority over foreign entities as a means of acquisition and/or maintenance of empires. This is either through direct territorial conquest or settlement, or through indirect methods of influencing or controlling the politics and/or economy. The term is used to describe the policy of a nation's dominance over distant lands, regardless of whether the subjugated nation considers itself part of the empire. Imperialist policies have been criticized because they have often been used for economic exploitation of poorer countries as sources of raw materials and cheap labor. When imperialism is accompanied by overt military conquest of nonhuman rights abusing nations, it is also seen as a violation of freedom and human rights. Many instances of this have been recorded throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe, notably among the poorer, resource-rich countries.

massacres India 1919

My Lai, Vietnam 1968
Tlatelolco 1968 Jonestown, Guayana 1978 Tiananmen Square, China 1989 Srebrenica, Bosnia 1995



Age and culture

Winchester house

Bernarda Alba

interdisciplinary topics

how would this text be presented/used/discussed in a history class sociology class women’s studies class psychology class

pessary / pesario


significant quotes
“Things have a life of their own. It’s simply a matter of waking up their souls.”
“Time passes.” “...but not so much.” “...a person doesn’t die when he should but when he can.” “Everything is known”

final analyses
the role of Gastón Amar. Urs--repeat/break cycles Catalonian/bookstore Aur 3’s friends Melquiades’ final words who is the narrator? who finishes the story? what are we actually reading? the passage of time Aur 3’s encyclopedic mind gradual disappearance of Macondo Ants! Memories of the Buendías

Content quiz litude/quiz.html