You are on page 1of 9
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants – Tissues Meristematic
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation
Cell
Organisation
Cell Organisation In Plants – Tissues
Meristematic tissue
Permanent tissue
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants – Tissues Meristematic

Click to edit Master subtitle style

Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants – Tissues Meristematic

ITeach – Biology Form 4

Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants – Tissues Meristematic
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants – Tissues
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation
Cell
Organisation
Cell Organisation In Plants –
Tissues
Meristematic tissue
Meristematic
tissue

Click to edit Master subtitle style

 
Consist of undifferentiated Prod
Consist of undifferentiated Prod

Consist

of

undifferentiated

undifferentiated

Consist of undifferentiated Prod

Prod

 

cells which are able to divide.

divis

ITeach – Biology Form 4

Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants – Tissues Meristematic
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants Permanent tissue
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation
Cell
Organisation
Cell Organisation In Plants
Permanent
tissue
Ground tissues Vascular tissues Parenchyma tissue Phloem • Store sugar and starch. • Transport nutrient such
Ground tissues
Vascular
tissues
Parenchyma tissue
Phloem
Store sugar and starch.
Transport
nutrient
such
as
glucose
Give support and shape to herbaceous
plant.
from leaves
to
root
and stems.
Master subtitle style
Collenchyma tissue
Have unevenly thickened cell walls.
Xylem
Support non-woody plants, young stems
and petioles.
Scleronchyma tissue
Transport water and
mineral salts from
roots to stems and
leaves.
Have cell walls uniformly thickened by
lignin.
Provides support to
plant.
Give support to mature region plant.
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Cell Organisation In Plants Permanent tissue Ground
Epidermal tissues • Covers stems, leaves and roots of young plants. • Cuticle lessens water loss.
Epidermal
tissues
Covers
stems,
leaves and roots of
young plants.
Cuticle
lessens
water loss.
Click to edit
Protect
plant
from
mechanical
and infection.
injury
Ex
:
Guard cells of
stomata.

ITeach – Biology Form 4

Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Organs And Systems In Plant
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation
Cell
Organisation
Organs And Systems In Plant

Organ in plants

Leaf
Leaf
Stem
Stem
Root
Root
Flower
Flower

System in plants

Click to edit Master subtitle style

Root system
Root system
Shoot system
Shoot system

Consist of taps roots

 

Consist

of

stems,

and lateral

roots

of

leaves,

buds,

flowers

plant.

and fruit.

ITeach – Biology Form 4

Flowe r Fruit Shoot Stem system Leaf Root system Root
Flowe
r
Fruit
Shoot
Stem
system
Leaf
Root
system
Root
 

Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation

Cell

 

Organisation

 
Regulating The Internal Environment
Regulating The Internal
Environment

The Internal Environment Of Multicellular Organisms

Internal environment refer to reaction inside organism to external changes by its own metabolism.

Consists of the interstitial fluid and the blood plasma.

Click to edit Master subtitle style

Chemical Factors Physical Factors § § Salt and sugar content. pH value Factors § affecting §
Chemical Factors
Physical Factors
§
§
Salt and sugar content.
pH value
Factors
§
affecting
§
internal
environment
§
Temperature
Blood pressure
Osmotic pressure
ITeach – Biology Form 4
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Cell Organisation Regulating The Internal Environment
Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation
Cell
Organisation
Regulating The Internal Environment

The Necessity For Maintaining An Optimal Internal Environment

Regulation of physical and chemical factors in internal environment so that it is always constant for
Regulation of physical and chemical factors in internal
environment so that it is always constant for the cell to
function best.
Changes in glucose, oxygen levels and temperature of body will affect the metabolism of the body.
Changes in glucose, oxygen levels and temperature of
body will affect the metabolism of the body.
These changes regulated by homeostatic mechanisms so that metabolic processes can proceed at optimum rate.
These changes regulated by homeostatic mechanisms
so that metabolic processes can proceed at optimum
rate.
Homeos tasis
Homeos
tasis

Click to edit Master subtitle style

ITeach – Biology Form 4

The mechanism that controls homeostasis is called negative feedback mechanism. In negative feedback, any different from
The mechanism that controls homeostasis is called
negative feedback mechanism.
In negative feedback, any different from normal range
of function is opposed.
Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An

Cell

Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation

Organisation

Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An Optimal Internal Environment
Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An
Optimal Internal Environment

Systems

in

the body work

environment.

together to maintain a stable internal

Example :

Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An

Body

temperature

rises

above

normal

level.

Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An

Skin’s

receptor

detect changes.

Normal

body

temperature 37ºC.

Click to edit Master subtitle style

Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An

Body

temperature

Nervous system

drops

towards

drops towards signals blood vessel

signals blood vessel

normal

through

to dilate and sweat

evaporation.

 

gland to secrete.

Transmit information to
Transmit
information
to
Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An
Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Involvement Of Various Systems In Maintaining An

Hypothalamus

Normal body temperature is maintained by the negative feedback mechanism.

Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Normal Regulation Of Blood Sugar § Promotes

Cell

Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation

Organisation

Normal Regulation Of Blood Sugar
Normal Regulation Of Blood Sugar
§ Promotes insulin release
§
Promotes
insulin
release

Blood

sugar

level

rises

Blood

sugar

level

falls

Normal sugar level

Normal sugar level

Normal sugar level
Normal sugar level

Normal sugar level

Normal sugar level
§ §
§
§

Stimulate

formation

of glycogen.

Stimulate

glucose

uptake from blood.

Click to edit Master subtitle style

Blood

sugar

level

falls

Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Normal Regulation Of Blood Sugar § Promotes

§

Promotes release
Promotes
release

Blood

sugar

level

rises

Cell Chapter 2 Cell Structure And Cell Organisation Organisation Normal Regulation Of Blood Sugar § Promotes

glucagon

§
§

Stimulates glycogen break down.

The End

Click to edit Master subtitle style

i - Teach