Presented By: Charu Sukheeja B. Arch. IV yr.


• In 1975 Koolhaas along with some other architects founded the OMA • Dutch architect (Office for Metropolitan Architecture), dedicated to Rotterdam, Netherlands • Born on 17 november 1944 in finding "new synergies" between architecture and contemporary culture. • OMA got their first project as „the Netherlands Dance • Theatre‟scriptwriting Studied in 1987.

• Journalist • In 2005, he again started studies, in architecture at • In 1968, co-founded „Volume Magazine‟ together the Architectural Association School of Architecture with Mark Wigley and Ole Bouman. in London • In 1972, studied further at Cornell University in New • York Principal of the OMA and of its research-oriented counterpart AMO, currently based in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

.HONOURS & PRIZES:     Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate in 2000 TIME Magazine Best Architecture in 2004 for Seattle Central Library RIBA Gold Medal in 2004 The Mies van der Rohe Award in 2005 for the Netherlands Embassy. Berlin PHILOSOPHY Called as “the guru of contemporary architecture”  Great architects impose their vision on the world who come bearing significant forms and whip cities into shape. change architecture. tearing down entire blocks to create open malls and plazas.”  “Architecture should not change the world instead world should  He was fascinated by the dynamics of the New York city and how it stood apart from the urban-design trend toward "dedensifying" cities.

e.   Manhattanism i. a world totally fabricated by man Modernism Deconstructivism – stylish designs and unususal concepts Form follows function Rigorous analysis and audacious ideas Asymmetry  Boldly produces buildings that defer visually to their surroundings   Linking of technology and humanity     Nonlinearity Articulation causing mutation in contemporary architecture .


on the site of the current building DESIGNING BASIS  He conceived the new library as a celebration of books. . people respond to books printed on paper. no longer exclusively dedicated to the book .  In the "digital age“ of 21st century also.  Although unusual in shape.  Wanted to make the library inviting to the public rather than stuffy  Was ambitious to redefine the Library as an information store.HISTORY The Collins Block at Second and James Henry Yesler's former mansion at Third and James  Entries were invited through a competition The Carnegie Library. but the building's required functions dictate what it should look like.


Identification of five platforms each dedicated to a specific cluster. As each platform is designed for a different purpose.5 million BUILDING POPULATION: 328 staff.987 square feet PARKING: 49.000 square feet. they are different in size. dedicated performance. 8. Each platform is a programmatic entity that is architecturally defined and equipped for maximum. density and opacity. underground NUMBER OF LEVELS: 1 1 BUDGET: $165.FLOOR SPACE: 362. The in-between spaces are like trading floors where librarians inform and stimulate.000+ visitors per day Combination of like with like. Interface between the different platforms is organized. .

• The back of it can expand. • Learning Center • Restrooms are here as well. CDs and more. receiving. DVDs.  Microsoft Auditorium – • 275-seat Auditorium.books. Level 2: Staff  For staff members only . creating an additional 150 seats for larger programs. book sorting and technical and collection services .  It has shipping.Level 0: Basement Level 1 : Book return/check out  Children's Center –  Includes .

 FriendShop (gift shop).Level 3: The Norcliffe Foundation Living Room/Fifth Avenue  Includes areas to gather or read and is open and airy with a ceiling of 50 feet height. . . neutral colors .  The meeting rooms are calm. Chocolate coffee cart. floors and ceilings are painted in deep reds and pinks. Feature film video and DVD collection. Family Fiction Collection and Large print collection.  The base of the atrium is located on this level.patterns of lifelike plants are laid.  The bright. Starbucks Teen Center. Level 4: Meeting Room  The corridor walls. colorful carpets .such as brown and gray.

9: Books Spiral  Four floors of book stacks.  Collection exist in one continuous run  Avoids moving of the books into other rooms or floors as the collection expands.  75 % of the entire collection — is located on the Books Spiral. escalators or elevators.Level 5  Mixing Chamber  The Tech Logic automated book conveyance and sorting system that moves and sorts books and other materials using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology  Entry to the Books Spiral. . Levels 6 . connected by gentle ramps.  Independent of stairs.

Ceiling height – 40-foot Views of Elliott Bay. Seating for 400. Level 11: Headquarters Has administrative offices .Level 10: Betty Jane Narver Reading Room Light-filled.

and the atrium that connects nine levels. Expansion of collections eventually encroaches public spaces. BARRIER-FREE DESIGN AND FLEXIBILE USE Continuous spiral Gently sloping ramps WAY FINDING AND USABILITY Large signs give direction Important elements are color coded Escalators and elevators – yellow color Computer areas . Seattle’s Public Art Program . help orient the visitor .main artworks are integrated into the building in fun and innovative ways. but the new design prevents this through clear separation of public spaces and spaces for other library functions.aluminum flooring Breaking up areas into zones.SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY Careful design of spaces for use for public gathering for many years to come. Views of surrounding skyscrapers .feel connected to the city and the outdoors through the library’s glass exterior.

 The expected energy savings would power at least 125 homes.  Better shading effect than most tinted glass buildings.INNOVATIONS IN ENERGY EFFICIENCY  The library is exceeds Seattle’s energy code by 10 percent.  Diagonal grid system : protection against earthquake or wind damage . without the undesirable darkening. HIGH PERFORMANCE GLAZING SYSTEM –  50% exterior glass has triple-glazed system  50% double-glazed clear glass  Outer layer : low-e coating filters non-visible light energy.

Allen Children’s Center. 5 and 10. . called displacement ventilation. Ventilation comes from the floor Gives the advantage of “free cooling” when the temperature of cooled air is not much different from the outside air Provides more fresh air at a person’s working height Modular nature of the raised floor system allows easier relocation of interior spaces than conventional systems. above. are expected to last 10 years Light and motion sensors Plenty of natural daylight Reading Room has a north-facing skylight bringing in natural light VENTILATION Air distribution system. 3. reducing long-term costs. used on Levels 1. the light bulbs in the Faye G.LIGHTING Low cost and easy maintenance Example.

 RAINWATER COLLECTION –  40. enough to serve the indoor water needs of more than 13 homes.000 gallons of water per year. .000-gallon water storage water tank  Used for landscape irrigation.000 gallons of water per year.  Prevents combined sewer overflows in Puget Sound. SUSTAINABLE SITE DESIGN  LIGHT POLLUTION REDUCTION Exterior lighting is shielded  DROUGHT-TOLERANT LANDSCAPING Zero potable (drinking) water is used for landscaping due to rainwater collection system  HEAT ISLAND REDUCTION Providing shade to exterior spaces and a light colored Energy Star® roof that reflects heat and light lessens this effect.  Saves about 75.  WATERLESS URINALS The 16 urinals in the building save 720.

RECYCLING CONSTRUCTION WASTE  Building construction contributes to 40% of the materials destined for municipal landfills worldwide.  Nearby access to public transit and the University Station bus tunnel.REDUCING AIR POLLUTION  Bicycle storage and showers with lockers encourage staff to bike to work.  More than 95% of the demolition waste from the old library was recycled.  Underground parking minimizes pollution-laden runoff. . encourages staff and patrons to leave their cars at home.  Two electric vehicle charging stations in parking garage. SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS OZONE PROTECTION Library’s refrigerants contain no HCFCs and the fire suppression system uses no halogens.  More than 80% of the waste generated in building the library was recycled.

LOCAL AND REGIONAL MATERIALS HEALTHY INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS Healthy material/strategies that contribute to good indoor air quality:  Most adhesives and carpets are low toxic  Monitors protect air quality by measuring carbon dioxide  Indoor air quality management plan during construction managed air filtration and provided for proper materials storage  A two-week. made in Oregon from scrap wood Structural steel: 90 percent recycled scrap Steel rebar: 97. .5 percent recycled scrap Exterior aluminum: 30 percent recycled content Steel doors and frames: 48 percent recycled materials Sheet aluminum flooring: 20 percent recycled materials Gypsum wall board: 10 percent recycled materials Library shelving: 80-90 percent recycled materials. 100 percent outside air “flush” before occupant move-in removed residual chemicals/particles left from construction.RECYCLED-CONTENT MATERIALS          Concrete rubble used as fill before construction Wood flooring. called Worthwood.

 Using the foundation walls from the previous library in the new construction reduced the amount of new concrete needed and reduced demolition waste.EFFICIENT USE OF MATERIALS ELIMINATES WASTE Materials and systems with elements serving more than one purpose  Diamond grid structural steel : backup for the glass exterior and interior finish for the walls  In the core of the building. finish the ceiling and act as a return air plenum.  Some spaces have lighting shielded with polycarbonate panels that diffuse the light. the structural concrete also serves as a finish.  Fireproofing on interior structural steel serves as the finish and a sound absorber. .

' its most active areas would connect directly to the street Personal opinion :  Rigorous analysis of 1. Its existing structures 4. The city 3. Culture of people.  Many less fond of its unusual design  Condemned by the Project for Public Spaces. .  Usage of the building is double the predicted volume.  Care for the technologies from the beginning of the project.  Exploration of the capabilities of various architectural materials available. which noted "if the library were a true 'community hub.Public opinions :  Awarded for innovation and engineering in its "structural solutions". The site 2.  Proper use of warm and cool colors.

com/time/specials/2007/article/ http://www.archined.asp?iMID=2542 http://eng.REFERENCES LIBRARY AND LEARNING CENTRE.htm http://www.html VIENNA BY ZAHA A+U(Architecture + urbanism) magazine HADID THANK YOU http://www.architectenweb.

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