Offshore Drilling Operations

Jeff Bugden Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board

Outline
Project Management & Engineering  Equipment and Systems  Typical Offshore Drilling Program  Operational Considerations

Atlantic Basins

TERRA NOVA FACILITIES CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT

Source: Petro-Canada, 1997

Ice Bergs

Glory Holes .

Dredging .Glory Holes .

Terra Nova FPSO .

HIBERNIA PRODUCTION SYSTEM .

Drilling Installations .

Nomenclature .

Project Management & Engineering Considerations Drilling Installation  Well Design  Contracting and Procurement  Casing.Part 1 . Cementing. Drilling Fluids  .

Drilling Installation Power Requirements (hoisting equipment. pressures) Rated Drilling Depth Environmental Factors (weather. water depth. mud pumps. rotary system) Geological Prospect (well depth. station keeping) Drilling Installation Well Control Equipment Regulatory Requirements Solids Control Pipe Handling Eqpt . ice.

Conceptual Well Design Geological Objectives Formation Pressures Evaluation Objectives Well Design “Problem” Zones Drilling Hazards Offset Well Data Time Estimate Cost Estimate $$ BUDGET $$ .

H2S) Grade. Weight. Collapse. Tensile. Connectors. Setting Depth .Casing Program Regulatory Requirements Geological Objectives Overpressure Zones Evaluation Objectives Casing Design Fracture Pressures Testing Program Lost Circulation Zones Detailed Design (Burst. Wear.

Cementing Program Regulatory Requirements Temperatures Zone Isolation Fracture Pressures Cementing Well Abandonment Lost Circulation Zones Well Control Detailed Design Cement tops. equipment & procedures . displacement rates. slurry properties. centralization. recipes. additives.

solids control requirements .Drilling Fluids Program Torque and Drag Wellbore Stability Equipment Compatibility Formation Protection Drilling Fluids Lost Circulation Zones Formation Evaluation Well Control Recommendations Type. desired physical and chemical properties.

Directional Drilling Program Current Targets Faults Future Targets Directional Program Dip Formations Torque and Drag Recommendations Type of Curve. DOR. MWD Equipment . Directional Drilling Assembly. BHA. KOP. BUR.

Bit Program Lithology (well logs) Stickiness Compressive Strength Bit Program Offset Bit Records Abrasiveness Economics Recommendations Bit Types (Roller Cone or PDC). Hydraulics (Nozzles). WOB. RPM . Motor/Turbine Drilling.

PDC/Roller Cone Bits .

Equipment & Systems Circulating System  Motion Compensation Equipment  Drilling Assembly  Hoisting System  Well Control System  .Part 2 .

.

Motion Compensators .

Marine Riser .

Drilling Assembly .

Drawworks .

Crown Block .

Top Drive .

Drill Floor .

Iron Roughneck .

Mud Pumps .

Drillers Cabin .

BOP Stack .Well Control System .

BOP Control System .

Part 3 .Typical Drilling Program Assumptions: Semisubmersible Anchored 100 metre water depth .

.

Typical Drilling Program     Position rig. . Run Anchors. Survey seafloor with ROV. Pretension mooring lines.

Spud well. .Typical Drilling Program     Run TGB. Run and cement 30” (762mm) conductor pipe with PGB and low pressure wellhead housing. Drill 36” (914mm) hole to 200 metres.

Typical Drilling Program    Drill 26” (660mm) hole to 500 metres. Run BOP stack and marine riser. Run and cement 20” (508mm) surface casing with high pressure wellhead housing. .

.500 metres. Run wireline logs.Typical Drilling Program    Drill 17 1/2” (445mm) hole to 1. Run and cement 13 3/8” (340mm) casing.

Typical Drilling Program     Drill 12 1/4” (311mm) hole to 3.000 metres. Core any hydrocarbon intervals Run wireline logs. Run and cement 9 5/8” (244mm) casing. .

500 metres.Typical Drilling Program     Drill 8 1/2” (216mm) hole to 3. Core any hydrocarbon intervals Run wireline logs. Run and cement 7” (178mm) liner (if well is to be tested). .

Part 4 .Operational Considerations  Heavy Weather  Marine Forecasts  Operational Limits  Ice Bergs  T-Time  Ice Management .

Forecasts Wind Speeds  Waves  Heave  Pitch and Roll  .

5 .5 .2 3. Fax: (709) 753 5972 / (709) 753 5211 (from offshore).5 . To the south.5/1.20 2.2.0 1 1030 NIL FEW/SCT 0930/12Z 170 12 14 20 0. Forecast number J B 040500 .5 GOOD OCNL FAIR 10 .0 2 1030 NIL SCT/BKN BKN/OVC BKN/OVC OCNL MIST 6+ OCNL 2-5 VRBL MIST 6+ VRBL 1-5 NIL NIL NIL NIL NIL 6+ 6+ 6+ 6+ 6+ VALID DAY / DATE VALID PERIOD LONG RANGE FORECAST SAT MAY 06 PM W .5 BCMG GOOD 15 -25 2.0/1.8/1.5/0.1/2 0930/12Z 230 13 20 26 1. A new frontal trough developing over western Ontario is expected to work eastward across Newfoundland late Friday or early Saturday and will pass through the site near noon on Saturday.8 3.3 2 340/240 2.5/1.7 3.0 4 1016 NIL OVC OCNL OBSC MIST OCNL ROCNL F 1-5 OCNL 1/4 . a ridge extending northward from a high centre currently near Sable Island will track eastward and pass through the area this evening.2 8/7 2.nf.5 .2 4 PERIOD (s) PRIMARY / SECONDARY SWELL DIRECTION (true) 240/270 HEIGHT (m) PERIOD (s) COMBINED SEA SIG HEIGHT (m) MAX HEIGHT (m) TEMPERATURE (C) PRESSURE (mb) FREEZING SPRAY SKY COVER WEATHER VISIBILITY (nm) 1.0 . WARNINGS IN EFFECT: SYNOPSIS NONE A low pressure trough that passed the forecast waters last night will continue moving eastward into the North Atlantic this morning.0 .0 1 1031 NIL FEW/SCT 0330/06Z 190 11 13 19 0. Strong SSE to SSW winds will prevail over the forecast waters as this frontal trough approaches.5/1. Mist and fog are expected to develop late on Friday under these systems.9 3 320/290 1.3.3 8 1.9 3.5 2 1031 NIL SCT/BKN 2130/00Z VRBL 5 7 13 0.3 4.0 4 310/150 1.net . Winds will diminish to variable light as the high centre nears and change to moderate southerlies behind it.0 4 150/200 1.25 1.2 4.2 9/8 2.2 8/8 2.1/2 WIND DIRECTION (t) WIND SPEED 10 METRE MEAN (kt) Anemometer MEAN (kt) Anemometer MAX (kt) WIND WAVES SIG HEIGHT (m) 1.0/1.2. valid until 0930 NDT Saturday with a long range forecast for the following 3 days.0/1.30 2. Following it.0 3. 06 Phone: (709) 753 2482 / (709) 753 5788. Email: weatheroffice@oceans.2 4 310 1.7 3.0 GOOD 10.MARINE WEATHER SITE FORECAST Forecast for the Glomar Grand Banks at Hebron M-04 near 46 34 N 48 31 W issued by OCEANS Ltd.5 2 1028 NIL SCT/BKN 1530/18Z 150 15 22 28 0. a weak wave will develop and move northeastward pushing an associated warm front towards the area.20 1.SW BCMG NLY SUN MAY 07 AM N TO NE SUN MAY 07 PM NE MON MAY 08 AM NLY MON MAY 08 PM N TO NW TUE MAY 09 AM NW TO SW WIND DIRECTION (t) 10 m WIND SPEED (kt) COMB WAVE HGT(m) VISIB ILITY 10 .0 4 240/270 1.5 3 340/300 1.3 4.15 1.2.. St.0 BCMG GOOD 10 .8 8/8 1.6 3 330/290 1.0 7/7 1.0 5 1018 NIL 0330/06Z 200 15 22 28 1. John's Thursday May 4 2000 at 0600 NDT . VALID DATE / TIME DAY / DATE TIME THU MAY 04 THU MAY 04 THU MAY 04 FRI MAY 05 FRI MAY 05 FRI MAY 05 FRI MAY 05 SAT MAY 06 SAT MAY 06 (NDT/UTC) 0930/12Z 330 11 14 20 1530/18Z 310 9 11 17 1.0 9/7 2.3.5 GOOD Next Regular Forecast issued: 1800 NDT TODAY Prepared by: AO.2.0 4 1024 NIL 2130/00Z 150 15 23 28 1.0 4 1014 NIL OVC OCNL OBSC MIST OCNL ROCNL F 1-5 OCNL 1/4 .0 7/7 1.2 8/7 2.5 FAIR OCNL POOR 20 .

Wind Speeds 48 HOUR FORECAST WIND SPEEDS 80 10m Flag STORM GALE Max Wind 70 Anemo 10m Wind 60 50 SPEED (KTS) 40 30 20 10 0 0930/12Z THU MAY 04 1530/18Z THU MAY 04 2130/00Z THU MAY 04 0330/06Z FRI MAY 05 0930/12Z FRI MAY 05 1530/18Z FRI MAY 05 2130/00Z FRI MAY 05 0330/06Z SAT MAY 06 0930/12Z SAT MAY 06 .

5 2 1.Heave SPECTRAL HEAVE PREDICTION FOR DAYS 1 AND 2. 4.5 0 0930/12Z THU MAY 04 2130/00Z THU 0930/12Z FRI 2130/00Z FRI 0930/12Z SAT 2130/00Z SAT Date / Tim e 0930/12Z SUN 2130/00Z SUN 0930/12Z MON 2130/00Z MON 0930/12Z TUE .5 3 2. & 5 at Standard Operating Draft.5 1 0. Rig heading 290 oT Maximum Predicted Heave Forecast Heave Minimum Predicted heave 6 5.5 5 4.5 4 HEAVE (m ) 3. LINEAR REGRESSION HEAVE FORECAST FOR DAYS 3.

0 4. 5.0 4.0 1.0 4.0 6.0 De-ballast to survival draft of 17m to increase air gap 90% of vessels design criteria is expected to be reached .0 N/A 4.Floating Operations Manual Safe Operational Limits OPERATION Drilling/Tripping Casing/Cementing Running BOP Hang-Off Disconnect Riser Logging Well Testing Survival Condition including 1/3 anchor chain tension Evacuation when Total Heave m 5.0 2.0 Pitch & Roll Single Amplitude deg.0 8.0 3.0 5.0 3.0 3. 4.5 5.0 N/A N/A 4.Jeanne d’Arc Basin Operations .0 Offset Ball Joint Angle deg.0 3.

T-Time .

Ice Management .

Concluding Comments .

THE END .

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