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Offshore Drilling Operations

Jeff Bugden Canada-Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board

Outline
Project Management & Engineering Equipment and Systems Typical Offshore Drilling Program Operational Considerations

Atlantic Basins

TERRA NOVA FACILITIES CONCEPTUAL LAYOUT

Source: Petro-Canada, 1997

Ice Bergs

Glory Holes

Glory Holes - Dredging

Terra Nova FPSO

HIBERNIA PRODUCTION SYSTEM

Drilling Installations

Nomenclature

Part 1 - Project Management & Engineering Considerations


Drilling Installation Well Design Contracting and Procurement Casing, Cementing, Drilling Fluids

Drilling Installation
Power Requirements (hoisting equipment, mud pumps, rotary system) Geological Prospect (well depth, pressures)

Rated Drilling Depth

Environmental Factors (weather, ice, water depth, station keeping)

Drilling Installation

Well Control Equipment

Regulatory Requirements Solids Control

Pipe Handling Eqpt

Conceptual Well Design


Geological Objectives Formation Pressures

Evaluation Objectives

Well Design

Problem Zones

Drilling Hazards

Offset Well Data

Time Estimate

Cost Estimate

$$ BUDGET $$

Casing Program
Regulatory Requirements Geological Objectives Overpressure Zones

Evaluation Objectives

Casing Design

Fracture Pressures

Testing Program

Lost Circulation Zones

Detailed Design (Burst, Collapse, Tensile, Wear, H2S)

Grade, Weight, Connectors, Setting Depth

Cementing Program
Regulatory Requirements Temperatures Zone Isolation

Fracture Pressures

Cementing

Well Abandonment

Lost Circulation Zones

Well Control

Detailed Design

Cement tops, recipes, slurry properties, additives, displacement rates, centralization, equipment & procedures

Drilling Fluids Program


Torque and Drag Wellbore Stability Equipment Compatibility

Formation Protection

Drilling Fluids

Lost Circulation Zones

Formation Evaluation

Well Control

Recommendations

Type, desired physical and chemical properties, solids control requirements

Directional Drilling Program


Current Targets Faults

Future Targets

Directional Program

Dip

Formations

Torque and Drag

Recommendations

Type of Curve, KOP, BUR, DOR, BHA, Directional Drilling Assembly, MWD Equipment

Bit Program
Lithology (well logs) Stickiness

Compressive Strength

Bit Program

Offset Bit Records

Abrasiveness

Economics

Recommendations

Bit Types (Roller Cone or PDC), Hydraulics (Nozzles), Motor/Turbine Drilling, WOB, RPM

PDC/Roller Cone Bits

Part 2 - Equipment & Systems


Circulating System Motion Compensation Equipment Drilling Assembly Hoisting System Well Control System

Motion Compensators

Marine Riser

Drilling Assembly

Drawworks

Crown Block

Top Drive

Drill Floor

Iron Roughneck

Mud Pumps

Drillers Cabin

Well Control System - BOP Stack

BOP Control System

Part 3 - Typical Drilling Program


Assumptions:
Semisubmersible Anchored 100 metre water depth

Typical Drilling Program


Position rig. Run Anchors. Pretension mooring lines. Survey seafloor with ROV.

Typical Drilling Program


Run TGB. Spud well. Drill 36 (914mm) hole to 200 metres. Run and cement 30 (762mm) conductor pipe with PGB and low pressure wellhead housing.

Typical Drilling Program

Drill 26 (660mm) hole to 500 metres. Run and cement 20 (508mm) surface casing with high pressure wellhead housing. Run BOP stack and marine riser.

Typical Drilling Program

Drill 17 1/2 (445mm) hole to 1,500 metres. Run wireline logs. Run and cement 13 3/8 (340mm) casing.

Typical Drilling Program

Drill 12 1/4 (311mm) hole to 3,000 metres. Core any hydrocarbon intervals Run wireline logs. Run and cement 9 5/8 (244mm) casing.

Typical Drilling Program

Drill 8 1/2 (216mm) hole to 3,500 metres. Core any hydrocarbon intervals Run wireline logs. Run and cement 7 (178mm) liner (if well is to be tested).

Part 4 - Operational Considerations

Heavy Weather
Marine

Forecasts Operational Limits

Ice Bergs
T-Time
Ice

Management

Forecasts
Wind Speeds Waves Heave Pitch and Roll

MARINE WEATHER SITE FORECAST


Forecast for the Glomar Grand Banks at Hebron M-04 near 46 34 N 48 31 W issued by OCEANS Ltd., St. John's Thursday May 4 2000 at 0600 NDT , valid until 0930 NDT Saturday with a long range forecast for the following 3 days. WARNINGS IN EFFECT: SYNOPSIS NONE

A low pressure trough that passed the forecast waters last night will continue moving eastward into the North Atlantic this morning. Following it, a ridge extending northward from a high centre currently near Sable Island will track eastward and pass through the area this evening. Winds will diminish to variable light as the high centre nears and change to moderate southerlies behind it. A new frontal trough developing over western Ontario is expected to work eastward across Newfoundland late Friday or early Saturday and will pass through the site near noon on Saturday. Strong SSE to SSW winds will prevail over the forecast waters as this frontal trough approaches. To the south, a weak wave will develop and move northeastward pushing an associated warm front towards the area. Mist and fog are expected to develop late on Friday under these systems. VALID DATE / TIME DAY / DATE TIME
THU MAY 04 THU MAY 04 THU MAY 04 FRI MAY 05 FRI MAY 05 FRI MAY 05 FRI MAY 05 SAT MAY 06 SAT MAY 06

(NDT/UTC) 0930/12Z 330 11 14 20

1530/18Z 310 9 11 17 1.0 4 240/270 1.5/1.2 8/7 2.2 3.5 2 1031 NIL
SCT/BKN

2130/00Z VRBL 5 7 13 0.3 2 340/240 2.0/1.0 9/7 2.3 4.0 1 1031 NIL
FEW/SCT

0330/06Z 190 11 13 19 0.5 3 340/300 1.8/1.2 9/8 2.2 4.0 1 1030 NIL
FEW/SCT

0930/12Z 170 12 14 20 0.6 3 330/290 1.5/1.2 8/8 2.0 3.5 2 1028 NIL
SCT/BKN

1530/18Z 150 15 22 28 0.9 3 320/290 1.5/0.8 8/8 1.9 3.0 4 1024 NIL

2130/00Z 150 15 23 28 1.2 4 310 1.3 8 1.8 3.0 5 1018 NIL

0330/06Z 200 15 22 28 1.0 4 310/150 1.0/1.0 7/7 1.7 3.0 4 1016 NIL
OVC OCNL OBSC MIST OCNL ROCNL F 1-5 OCNL 1/4 - 1/2

0930/12Z 230 13 20 26 1.0 4 150/200 1.0/1.0 7/7 1.7 3.0 4 1014 NIL
OVC OCNL OBSC MIST OCNL ROCNL F 1-5 OCNL 1/4 - 1/2

WIND DIRECTION (t) WIND SPEED 10 METRE MEAN (kt) Anemometer MEAN (kt) Anemometer MAX (kt) WIND WAVES SIG HEIGHT (m)

1.2 4 PERIOD (s) PRIMARY / SECONDARY SWELL DIRECTION (true) 240/270 HEIGHT (m) PERIOD (s) COMBINED SEA SIG HEIGHT (m) MAX HEIGHT (m) TEMPERATURE (C) PRESSURE (mb) FREEZING SPRAY SKY COVER WEATHER VISIBILITY (nm) 1.5/1.2 8/7 2.3 4.0 2 1030 NIL
SCT/BKN

BKN/OVC BKN/OVC OCNL MIST 6+ OCNL 2-5 VRBL MIST 6+ VRBL 1-5

NIL

NIL

NIL

NIL

NIL

6+

6+

6+

6+

6+

VALID DAY / DATE VALID PERIOD

LONG RANGE FORECAST SAT MAY 06


PM
W - SW BCMG NLY

SUN MAY 07
AM
N TO NE

SUN MAY 07
PM
NE

MON MAY 08
AM
NLY

MON MAY 08
PM
N TO NW

TUE MAY 09
AM
NW TO SW

WIND DIRECTION (t) 10 m WIND SPEED (kt) COMB WAVE HGT(m) VISIB ILITY

10 - 15 1.5 - 2.0
BCMG GOOD

10 - 20 1.5 - 2.5
GOOD OCNL FAIR

10 - 20 2.0 - 2.5
FAIR OCNL POOR

20 - 30 2.5 - 3.5
BCMG GOOD

15 -25 2.0 - 3.0


GOOD

10- 25 1.5 - 2.5


GOOD

Next Regular Forecast issued: 1800 NDT TODAY Prepared by: AO. Forecast number J B 040500 . 06 Phone: (709) 753 2482 / (709) 753 5788; Fax: (709) 753 5972 / (709) 753 5211 (from offshore); Email: weatheroffice@oceans.nf.net

Wind Speeds
48 HOUR FORECAST WIND SPEEDS
80 10m Flag STORM GALE Max Wind 70 Anemo 10m Wind 60

50
SPEED (KTS)

40

30

20

10

0 0930/12Z THU MAY 04

1530/18Z THU MAY 04

2130/00Z THU MAY 04

0330/06Z FRI MAY 05

0930/12Z FRI MAY 05

1530/18Z FRI MAY 05

2130/00Z FRI MAY 05

0330/06Z SAT MAY 06

0930/12Z SAT MAY 06

Heave
SPECTRAL HEAVE PREDICTION FOR DAYS 1 AND 2; LINEAR REGRESSION HEAVE FORECAST FOR DAYS 3, 4, & 5 at Standard Operating Draft; Rig heading 290 oT
Maximum Predicted Heave Forecast Heave Minimum Predicted heave

6 5.5 5 4.5 4
HEAVE (m )

3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 0930/12Z THU MAY 04

2130/00Z THU

0930/12Z FRI

2130/00Z FRI

0930/12Z SAT

2130/00Z SAT Date / Tim e

0930/12Z SUN

2130/00Z SUN

0930/12Z MON

2130/00Z MON

0930/12Z TUE

Jeanne dArc Basin Operations - Floating Operations Manual


Safe Operational Limits
OPERATION
Drilling/Tripping Casing/Cementing Running BOP Hang-Off Disconnect Riser Logging Well Testing Survival Condition including 1/3 anchor chain tension Evacuation when Total Heave m 5.0 3.0 1.5 5.0 6.0 4.0 3.0 Pitch & Roll Single Amplitude deg, 5.0 4.0 2.0 5.0 N/A N/A 4.0 Offset Ball Joint Angle deg. 4.0 3.0 N/A 4.0 8.0 4.0 3.0

De-ballast to survival draft of 17m to increase air gap 90% of vessels design criteria is expected to be reached

T-Time

Ice Management

Concluding Comments

THE END