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capable of producing damage to material and injury or death to people when detonated or ignited.
Is TNT an Improvised Explosive Device?
NO. TNT is an explosive compound, and can be a component of an I.E.D., but is not one in and of itself, anymore than any other explosive by itself is an I.E.D.
FOUR (4) COMPONENTS OF A BOMB Power Initiator Explosive Switch .
POWER Electrical Non.Electrical .
to heats shock. FilamentCAPS element A to is the They are sensitive to heat. . incandescence a to illuminate frequency energy and Squibs can be used as deterioration. such for off dark scene visible light electromagnetic radiation.2] INITIATORS ANON-ELECTRIC CAPS squib is a miniature explosive device used They can detonate when ELECTRIC heat. radio effects to military of and gives that show signs applications. from special upbulbfuse caps staticof a flash Old is thatelectricity. shock in a widemajor purposeor exposedrange of industries.[ dangerous. static electricity. are extremely of materials. shattering or propelling a variety crystallization.
also C-4 or Composition a Trinitrotoluene (TNT) .C-4) called black powder. Nitroglycerin is a highly is an RDX plastic yellow insensitive crystals is a mixture of sulfur. unstable be melted and to explosive sensitive that can andplasticized charcoal.EXPLOSIVES Gunpowder. adhesive and be cast withoutnitrate. potassium detonation. and liquid. malleable .
SWITCHES (Electrical & Non-Electrical) .
really save the people around you? .Would throwing yourself on top of a live grenade.
VIDEO SHOWING .
. depending on the point at which the explosion impacts.A bomb causes damage in five (5) different ways.
resulting in highly compressed air particles that travel faster than the speed of sound.1. This will damage a structure or body on impact. First. This wave will dissipate over time and distance and will exist only for a matter of milliseconds. the area around the explosion becomes over pressurized. When this blast wave reaches a structure or person. which is the primary and initial impact of the shockwave. . the person will feel the force of the blast. two things will initially happen. Blast wave When a bomb explodes. This initial blast wave inflicts the most damage.
high-velocity shockwaves. Shockwaves carry energy through the medium they pass through. . Shockwaves After a blast wave strikes a surface or body. or stress waves.2. and in some cases protective measures may even amplify the destructive effects.in the body. they travel through the organs and tissues. there are no effective ways to prevent shockwaves from passing through protective clothing. they're supersonic and transport more energy than sound waves. Currently. will continue to pass through -.
This is known as secondary fragmentation. will be violently thrown outward and away from the explosion. glass and even people.and cause even more damage. the bomb casing. they may fragment even further -. as well as any additional shrapnel (nails. Fragmentation When the bomb explodes. Explosion durability test have proved that laminated glass is capable to considerably withstand a blast of 50-57 pounds (about 25 kg). screws or other items included in the bomb). When these fragments strike buildings. concrete. Advantages: High capability to restrain damaged glass fragments Resistant to explosion Protects against terrorist attacks and vandalism act .3. masonry.
depending on whether any other fuel sources or flammable materials are located near the blast. . which will result in burns on a human body or even cause secondary fires or explosions. Fire and heat The explosion may also create a fireball and high temperatures.4.
Blast wind At the explosion site. it creates a highintensity wind that causes fragmented objects. glass and debris to be drawn back in toward the source of the explosion. a vacuum is created by the rapid outward movement of the blast. As this void is refilled. This creates a very strong pull on any nearby person or structural surface after the initial push effect of the blast has been delivered. .5. This vacuum will almost immediately refill itself with the surrounding atmosphere.
.Each threat received through any means of communications should be treated as real and must be forwarded immediately to the proper authorities.
THREE (3) METHODS OF DETONATION 1. 3. TIME COMMAND ACTION . 2.
FACTORS THAT CAN AFFECT STABILITY OF AN EXPLOSIVE Chemical Constitution Temperature Exposure to the sun Electrical Discharge .
. aircraft or other facilities. has been or will be placed in a building.An information or warning claiming knowledge that a dangerous device. such as a bomb or similar type of explosive.
• TELEPHONE BOMB THREAT • • MESSAGE OR LETTER BOMB THREAT PERSON-TO-PERSON BOMB THREAT .
KEEP CALM. . any background noise. middle-age or old sounding voice. KEEP IT FIRST UPON YOURSELF & SHOW NO EMOTION ON THE PHONE PROLONG THE CONVERSATION by taking note of the following characteristics : male or female voice. speech impediments or peculiar voice characteristics. 2. young. 4. RECORD THE EXACT TIME OF CALL 3. does the voice sound familiar.Take note of the following procedures: 1. accent of voice.
4 What does the bomb look like? 5.1 When is the bomb going to explode? 5. ASK THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 5.5 What will cause it to explode? 5.5. REPORT IMMEDIATELY TO YOUR IMMEDIATE SUPERIOR & SUBMIT THE BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST . RECORD THE TIME THE CALLER HUNGS UP THE PHONE 7.6 Why did you place the bomb 6.2 Where is the bomb right now? 5.3 What type of bomb is it? 5.
4. Forward immediately to your immediate superior and submit preserved document to the proper authorities for analysis and evaluation.1. 2. Record the time it was received. fingerprints. . etc. 3. Keep calm & keep it upon yourself. Documents and other materials received should be carefully handled to preserve marks.
COLOR. MODEL.1. . KEEP CALM 2. APPLY OBSERVATION & DESCRIPTION 4. PROLONG THE CONVERSATION 3. KEEP THE PERSON UNDER SURVEILLANCE & TAKE NOTE OF THE MAKE. REPORT IMMEDIATELY TO YOUR IMMEDIATE SUPERIOR 5. PLATE# & MARKINGS OF THE VEHICLE USED.
. Bombs can be packaged in as many different ways as the maker’s imagination will allow. it is a fundamental rule that search must be made by persons who are familiar with the area in order to notice a strange or foreign object. Since the object of the search can vary in size and shape.The most effective and fastest search of a building can be made by the normal occupants of that building.
) and do not remove this cover.. Leave the room and close the door or section off the area to prevent others from entering (i. . Notify your immediate superior. Place any suspicious envelope or package in a plastic bag or other type of container to prevent the contents from leaking. paper. Wash your hands with soap and water to prevent spreading any substance to your face. Report the incident to the proper authority.e.What to do upon discovery of suspicious object Do not shake or empty the contents of any suspicious envelope or package.g. clothing.. cover the envelope or package with anything (e. etc. If you do not have a container. list all people who were in the room or area when the envelope or package arrived. trash can. keep others away). Give this list to responding authorities. If possible.
-CALL PROPER AUTHORITY BUT DO NOT USE CELLULAR PHONE .
STAGES OF SEARCHING FLOOR TO WAIST WAIST TO CHIN CHIN TO CEILING CEILING TO ROOF TOP .
743 Fax Nr. Taguig City Tel. 837-2094 / 837-2471 loc. Quezon City Tel. INFORMATION PROCESSING CENTER PNP-Public Information Office Camp Crame. Nr. Nr. ROTC) Camp Bagong Diwa. 724-8766 / 725-3179 / 725-5115 / 725-3179 / 723-0401 loc. 3313 NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION POLICE OFFICE Regional Tactical Operations Center (NCRPO. Bicutan. 837-2005 / 837-2029 .
287-3906 EASTERN POLICE DISTRICT Caruncho Ave. Nr. NORTHERN POLICE DISTRICT Tanigue St. 641-0877 Fax Nr.Pasig City Tel. . 525-8738 . 287-4444 TeleFax Nr. 643-6616 WESTERN POLICE DISTRICT United Nations. Kaunlaran Village. Ermita. Manila Tel. Nr. Caloocan City Tel. 523-3378 / 525-2448 TeleFax Nr. Nr.
Nr. Nr. Nr. 723-6865 CENTRAL POLICE DISTRICT Camp Karingal. Sikatuna Village. 721-8544 SOUTHERN POLICE DISTRICT Fort Andres Bonifacio. Camp Crame. 843-4724 TeleFax Nr. 927-4444 / 920-1378 / 436-5632 Fax Nr. Nr. Taguig City Tel. QC Tel. 893-7484 . 928-3632 / 436-5628 Tel. Quezon City Tel.
.THANK YOU! and GOD BLESS….
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