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APPLIED MECHANICS DEPARTMENT SARDAR VALLABHAI NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, SURAT

Overview
The Bank of china tower is mainly commercial office building, which

consists of 72-stories.
Total building height = 367.5 m = 1205 ft. For the first time, a mega structure composed of a pure space-truss is

used to support almost the entire weight of the building.


The building is situated on Garden Road, Central, on Hong Kong Island. Floor area = 135,000 m2 It was Hong Kongs and Asias tallest skyscraper from 1989-1992.

Photographs

Architect & Structural designer

I M pei (Ieoh ming pei) Architect

Leslie E. Robertson Structural designer

DESIGN CONCEPT
Building looks like a glittering tower of diamonds. The cross braces and

triangular framework of the building are designed to withstand typhoons.


Building has four triangular

towers of varying heights that emerge from a square, changing geometry in several silver reflective glassy prismatic pyramid.

Load considerations
BUILDING INFO. Floors INDIVIDUAL FLOOR INFO LOAD TOTALS

Gross Net Floor Floor Area Area (ft2) (ft2) 5625.0 5625.0 5625.0 5625.0 56.1 56.1 56.1 56.1

Floor Height (ft) 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0

DEAD (lbs)

LIVE (lbs)

TOWER 1 TOWER 2 TOWER 3 TOWER 4 TOTAL

72 51 38 25

5.17x107 3.66x107 2.73x107 1.80x107 1.34x108

3.21x107 2.27x107 1.69x107 1.11x107 8.29x107

Total Load on Foundation: 1. 34x108 lbs + 8.29x107 lbs = 2.16x108 lbs

Total Load on Foundation/ SF: 2.16x108 lbs/ 22500 ft2 = 9620.3 lbs/ft2

Wind/ Horizontal Load (based on South-East Elevations): South : 190000 ft2 x 83 PSF**= 1.58x107 lbs East: 120000 ft2 x 83 PSF**= 9.96x106 lbs Total : 1.58x107 lbs + 9.96x106 lbs= 2.57x107 lbs

Vertical load transfer


All forces are displaced to one

of the three columns of the top frame.


Forces are carried through

these four columns down

Horizontal/wind load transfer


The structure of the building is

composed of truss web braces, which resist lateral as well as gravity loads. Most of the horizontal loads come from the South East side, as this is generally the direction and side that the wind load is applied. The concrete columns which span the height of the building give the building unique strength.

Foundation
The structure is supported by a concrete caisson

system foundation.
There are 110 densely packed caissons found within

the area of the building footprint, as well as 4 larger caissons which are found at each of the corners of the building structure/ foundation.

STRUCTURAL ARRANGEMENTS
Structure consists of

4 outer concrete columns.


Made up of composite

Structural steel trusses & Glass certain walls.


Buildings principle

Structural system is a Bundled vertical space truss.

IMPORTANT DETAILS
Overall cost :
HK $1 billion (US $ 130 Million)

Time taken :
4 years ( 1985 1989)

Controversy :
The tower was contrary to Feng Shui for its sharp edges and its negative symbolism by the numerous X shapes in its original design.

Some Important facts


The tower has a small observation deck on the

42nd floor open to the public; it gives views to the northwest of Hong Kong. the building has 45 elevators First composite megastructure space frame highrise building. The megastructural steelwork is expressed externally by naturally anodized panels that form part of the curtain wall.

Conti...
55,700m2 office on 51 floors;

1,580m2 banking hall; 17-story bank atrium;


1,700m2 executive dining / 17th fl. lounge; 1,280m2 employee cafeteria (19th fl.);

420m2executive dining / 68th fl.;


460m2 VIP apartment suites; 600m2 penthouse lounge; 1,300m2 gardens; 370-car underground garage

Web References

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/86367360/BANK-OF-CHINA-TOWER http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=13 http://www.bochk.com/web/common/multi_section.xml?ut&level_2=boc_tower&fldr_id=326 http://en.wikiarquitectura.com/index.php/Bank_of_China_Tower http://www.towrs.com/article/484/The-Bank-of-China--Hong-Kong--Tower-Hong-Kong http://www.chinesearchitecture.cn/Building/90/The-Bank-of-China-Tower.php http://www.skyscraperpicture.com/bankofchina.htm http://www.asiarooms.com/en/travel-guide/hong-k/old-bank-of-china-tower-hong-kong.html http://www.slideshare.net/michelle_valentine/the-bank-of-china-tower-and-empathic-spaces http://www.hktdc.com/sourcing/hk_company_directory.htm?companyid=1X06IEWY&locale=en http://www.bre.polyu.edu.hk/school/WebCompetition05/WDC_2005/47/27.swf http://www.hkcholdings.com/html/media_archive_roads.php?id=14#0 http://tallest-buildings.sciencedaily.com/l/55/Bank-of-China-Tower http://www.skyscrapers.com/ http://www.emporis.com/building/bankofchinatower-hongkong-china http://www.skyscrapers.com/bankofchinatower-hongkong-china http://www.lera.com/projects/hir/bankofchina.htm

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