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Lockheed Martins

Semi-Active Laser (SAL) Seeker Family


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release; Unlimited Distribution

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The Semi-Active Laser Seeker Family


AGM-114K

High Explosive Antitank

AGM-114M
Blast Fragmentation Warhead

A smart multi-mission missile/rocket Main armament for armed helicopters; Apache, Cobra, OH-58, Seahawk, and Australian Tiger and soon French Tiger Semi-active laser (SAL) seeker Warheads High explosive antitank (HEAT) Metal augmented charge (MAC)

AGM-114N
Metal Augmented Charge

Blast fragmentation Augmented high explosive anti-tank

AGM-114KA

Augmented High Explosive Anti-Tank

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The Semi-Active Laser Seeker Family


HELLFIRE II Characteristics DAGR Objective Characteristics 7 km max

Range Speed/Time of Flight

8 km max Mach 1.3 12s to 3.75 km 37s to 8 km Hits laser spot <1M All known armor Ships Bunkers/buildings

Accuracy Lethality

Light vehicles Bunkers/buildings

Firing Modes

Lock-on before launch (LOBL) Lock-on after launch (LOAL) Direct Low High
1 missile every 8s (1 laser) 1 missile every 2s (2 lasers) Helicopters Wheeled/tracked vehicles Manportable tripod Patrol boats

Multiple Target Engagement Launchers

Built-in-Test
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Objective Compatibility with HELLFIRE Platforms

AH-1Z

AH-1W

SH-60/70B

MH-60

OH-58D

Eurocopter Tiger

MD-500

ARH-70

UH-1 Upgrades

Agusta

AH-64
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Apache System Integration


Arrowhead MTADS/PNVS Lockheed Martin Fire Control Radar

High Explosive Anti-Tank High Explosive Anti-Tank Millimeter Wave - Longbow Blast Fragmentation Augmented High Explosive Anti-Tank Metal Augmented Charge

M299 Launcher

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AH1-Z Cobra System Integration


Targeting Sight System Lockheed Martin

High Explosive Anti-Tank Blast Fragmentation M299 Launcher Augmented High Explosive Anti-Tank Metal Augmented Charge

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AH1-W Cobra System Integration


Night Targeting System (NTS) Kollsman

High Explosive Anti-Tank Blast Fragmentation M299 Launcher Augmented High Explosive Anti-Tank Metal Augmented Charge

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Tiger System Integration


Strix/Nightowl SAGEM

High Explosive Anti-Tank Blast Fragmentation

M299 Launcher

Augmented High Explosive Anti-Tank Metal Augmented Charge

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Light Helicopters
Up to 2 launchers per side using 2-rail version of M310 launcher
Increases helicopters versatility with immediate autonomous engagement capability

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Other Rotary-Wing Platforms


SH-60/70B Seahawk*

Meet mission objectives Minimal aircraft impact Line installable/removable kit Maximum use of nondevelopment items (NDI)

DAGR HELLFIRE Missile

M299 Launcher
* This is an artist depiction of the DAGR 4-pack launcher and how it could apply to the SH-60 Seahawk platform.

UH-60 Blackhawk

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Employment Decision Matrix


First: Target Set Evaluation and
Definition
Target type (armor, bunker, trucks) Single or multiple target(s) Environmental constraints (collateral damage) Tactical situation

Second: Designation Method


Autonomous

Remote

Third: Launch Mode and Trajectory


Lock-on before launch (LOBL)

Direct trajectory Lock-on after launch (LOAL) Direct trajectory Lo trajectory Hi trajectory

Long Standoff Ranges High Pk Wide Target Spectrum Low Exposure Time

Fourth: Launch Weapon


Missile Warhead selection

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Designators
Nose-Mounted Mast-Mounted Other
Pod-Mounted

Apache AH-64D RPV

SH-60B

Roof-Mounted

Ground

Tiger

Maximum Employment Flexibility


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Autonomous and Remote Designation


Remote Designation

Electro-Optical Targeting System

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Semi-Active Laser Designation


SAL seekers track to timed sequence of pulsed laser energy reflected from target.
Reflected Energy Returns

Transmitted Pulses

Received Laser Pulses

Narrow laser pulses coded by intervals Designator and missile seeker commanded to the same code Laser designator selects target and aimpoint Missile flies to laser spot Engages all target types Performance is a function of laser transmission Laser can be held on target manually or by automatic tracking function

Coded for Robust Performance


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Underspill / Overspill Rejection

Overspill

Underspill

HELLFIRE II is less susceptible to false reflections from laser underspill or overspill.


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Lock-On Before Launch Direct (LOBL - Direct)


Trajectory Altitude of 200 1,900 ft Depending on Target Range

LOBL
Autonomous or Remote
Range Minimum DAGR Objective HELLFIRE II 500M 500M Maximum 5 km 7 km

Quickest Most Direct Method


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Lock-On After Launch Direct (LOAL - DIR)


Trajectory Altitude of 300 - 500 ft

LOAL-DIR Lock-On

Autonomous or Remote

Range Minimum DAGR Objective HELLFIRE II 1.5 km 1.5 km Maximum 7 km 8 km

Lower Trajectory for Shorter Flight Time


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Lock-On After Launch High or Low (LOAL Hi / Lo)


LOAL- Lo Altitude 500 1,000 ft LOAL - Hi Altitude 1,500 1,900 ft Remote Designation LOAL Hi or Lo Trajectory

6 to 8 Seconds of Missile Flight Require Designation Allowing Maximum Maneuverability During Launch Sequence (Fire, Duck and Cover, Designate)

Buddy/Remote Designator Helo Acquires Helo Designates

Target

Helo Fires

Autonomous Designation LOAL Hi or Lo Trajectory


Min (Low) DAGR Objective HELLFIRE II 1.5 km 2 km Max (Low) 7 km 8 km

Range Min (High) 1.5 km 3.5 km Max (High) 7 km Target 8 km

HELLFIRE II Flexibility = Survivability


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Trajectory Shaping
488m

274m
Hi

Lo LOBL Direct LOAL

183m

10

Range (km)

HELLFIRE II optimizes flexibility with multiple trajectory options to meet range and obscurant requirements.
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Survivability
Typical Helicopter Weapons
AH-1F M19720 & GIAT 30-78

Guns (mm) 2.75 in Rockets Missiles

M230 Chain Gun (AH-64)

Norinco 90 TOW Swift HOT Spiral

Hydra 70 / CRV-7 with DAGR Objective Survivability HELLFIRE

Norinco 37 ZPU 57 and Bofors 40 Marconi 35

Vulcan & ZSU-23

Guns

Typical Battlefield Threats

SA-9 & 14
SA-19

Stinger

SA-7
Blowpipe

Missiles

SA-16, SA-13 and AT-6

Range (km)

Lockheed Martins SAL Family outranges the threat


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DAGR Is Based On Lockheed Martins Extensive SAL Guidance Background


LARS Copperhead HELLFIRE II DAGR Objective

LM first successful Precision-guided (SAL) demo of semi active projectile for 155mm laser (SAL) on cannon 2.75 / 70mm SAL seeker (1969 -1972) derivative of First proportional LARS lead guidance Reliability growth (PLG) system program 18 successful 27,853 projectiles flights - groundproduced and air-launched >92% reliability

Modular missile system provides multiple warheads and guidance systems Advanced seeker technology from Copperhead Seeker in production Air-to-ground expertise Electronic countercountermeasure capability High reliability >35,000 produced

SAL guided 2.75 / 70mm rocket Air-to-ground expertise from HELLFIRE/ Longbow Electronic countercountermeasure capability High reliability

DAGR leverages Lockheed Martins experience and technology


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DAGR
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control is developing an aftermarket semi-active laser seeker for the CRV-7 and Hydra 70 rocket family capable of Lock-on before launch (LOBL) Lock-on after launch (LOAL)

Its semi-active laser seeker with inertial measurement unit technology enables Inertial guidance Offset launch Inertial navigation
The high explosive and blast fragmentation 4.5 and 7.7 kg warheads are effective against Personnel Bunkers/buildings Light vehicles A precision guided 2.75 / 70mm rocket minimizes collateral damage while maximizing precision strike capability
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DAGR Objective Characteristics


Features, Objective Characteristics and Benefits
Navigation Inertial measurement unit and semi-active laser terminal guidance

Launcher/Rack

4-tube launcher and HELLFIRE compatible


Minimum net training Minor platform impact 96.4% reliability 15 field-of-view

Fits HELLFIRE Launchers and Platforms Built-In-Test Azimuth Offset (Seeker Field-ofView) Full inertial measurement unit Precision within minimum and maximum range Flexible Laser Coding Warhead Load-out

Enables wide offset shots Compensates for tip-off and prop wash issues 1m circular-error probability Pulse repetition frequency is cockpit programmable 4.5 and 7.7 kg high explosive capable and blast fragmentation warhead 4 DAGRs per M299 rail 16 DAGRs per pylon
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Directional Attack Guided Rocket (DAGR)


Warhead Fuze Rocket Motor

Existing 2.75 / 70mm Rocket

Power Rocket Motor Electronics

Warhead CAS Seeker

Lockheed Martin Solution

Lockheed Martins DAGR SAL guidance package applies to the CRV-7 and Hydra 70mm rocket family
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DAGR Development Status


Guided Rocket

Smart Launcher

Designed Fabricated

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Unguided Rockets, Warhead and Fuze


CRV-7

Warhead Rocket Motor Fuze

Hydra 70

Warhead Rocket Motor


Weight Length Diameter 10.5 kg (4.5 kg HE warhead) / 13.6 kg (7.7 kg HE warhead) 138.1 cm (4.5 kg HE warhead) / 163.5 cm (7.7 kg HE warhead) 2.75 / 70mm
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Fuze

DAGR Guidance Kit


CRV-7 with Guidance Kit

Power Rocket Motor Electronics

Warhead CAS

Hydra 70 with Guidance Kit


Power Rocket Motor

Seeker

Electronics

Warhead
Weight Length Diameter 15.9 kg (4.5 kg HE warhead) / 19.0 kg (7.7 kg HE warhead) 198.1 cm (4.5 kg HE warhead) / 223.5 cm (7.7 kg HE warhead) 2.75 / 70mm
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CAS Seeker

Guidance Section (Kit)


40.0 cm

HELLFIRE Functionality in 2.75 / 70mm Form-Factor


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Guidance Section
G-switch and Fuze Actuator Rocket Interface Connector

Control Actuation Section

Laser Seeker Roll Isolation Assembly Processing Electronics Inertial Measurement Unit

HELLFIRE Thermal Battery

HELLFIRE Functionality in 2.75 / 70mm Form-Factor


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Number of CRV-7s/Hydra 70s Required to Equal One DAGR Hit


2000

2013
# of Hydra 70s required assuming a 10 mil error (Lockheed Martin estimate)

Number of CRV-7s/Hydra 70s

1500

1291

DAGR CEP = 1.3m


1000

726
500

Target size = 2.3m x 2.3m

323 20 81
1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000

0 250

500

Engagement Range (meters)

DAGRs Performance Over Unguided Rockets Grows as Range Increases


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Altitude Engagement Envelope

2
10kft

15kft

0 -6 -4 -2 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

20kft notional trajectory

-4

-6
In this scenario, transfer alignment info is provided to DAGR prior to launch.

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Launcher Options Detail


OPTION 1: NO IMPACT Smart Launcher on M272 Modification Smart Rockets Dummy Rockets Inventory Control Pilot Display Launch Delay Squib Safety PRF Code Power-On Before Launch (POBL) Lock-On Before Launch (LOBL) Lock-On After Launch (LOAL) Transfer Align Aiming Style Built-in-Test AS IS Y Y Some/None HF N Y Y Y Y Y N HF Y AS IS Y Y S/N HF N Y Y Y Y Y Y D HF Y Y Y S/N HF N Y Y Y Y Y Y HF Y OPTION 2: IMPACT PLATFORM Smart Launcher on M299 LEA A/C Y Y S/N HF/DAGR N Y Y Y Y Y Y DAGR Y BOTH Y Y QTY HF/DAGR N Y Y Y Y Y Y DAGR Y

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Objective Platform Capabilities


Built-in-test (BIT) Set laser code to designator Lock-on-before-launch (LOBL) or lock-on-afterlaunch (LOAL)
Direct attack high and low

Inventory control Transfer alignment on compatible platforms Target location handoff

4-Pack Launcher

DAGR objective to be compatible with existing HELLFIRE II platforms


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4-Shot Launcher Weight

4-Shot Smart Launcher

Smart Launcher Weight Pylon / Rail

Smart Launcher + 4.5 kg HE DAGRs 1 DAGR = 29.5 kg 2 DAGRs = 45.4 kg 3 DAGRs = 61.2 kg 4 DAGRs = 77.1 kg

Smart launcher + 7.7 kg HE DAGRs 1 DAGR = 32.7 kg 2 DAGRs = 51.7 kg 3 DAGRs = 70.8 kg 4 DAGRs = 89.9 kg

13.6 kg

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Launchers
558.9mm

M299 Launcher

736.6mm

1803.4mm

M310 Launcher

508.0mm

Weight Specifications
Empty 4-Rail 65.8 kg 2-Rail 43.5 kg Loaded* 285.8 kg 168.3 kg Loaded** 298.5 kg 181.0 kg

*4.5 kg DAGR Warhead **7.7 kg DAGR Warhead


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Surface Engagement Envelope


8 km

2.1 km

DAGR Objective Total Footprint DAGR Objective LOAL Footprint (Phit >0.9) DAGR Objective LOBL & LOAL (Phit ~1.0)

5 km

1.5 km
DAGR Objective LOBL Footprint (Phit ~1.0)

0.5 km 4 km
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HELLFIRE Current & Candidate Platforms

USMC AH-1Z/W

USN SH-60/70B

SOCOM MH-60

SOCOM AH-6

Kiowa Warrior

Eurocopter Tiger

MQ-1 (Predator A) AH-1 Upgrades

AH-64
Warrior ERMP UH-1 Upgrades

Ground-Launched USAF A-10C Maritime Surface Launch Agusta

MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B)

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DAGR Summary
Objective for plug-and-play compatible with HELLFIRE Increased load-out Precision Minimized collateral damage

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