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Submitted To:Advocate Hema Shirodkar

Presented By:Ankit Gupta Sourabh Khanna

Minorities - groups held together by ties of common descent, language or religious faith and feeling different in these respects from the majority of the inhabitants of a given political entity

Article 29. Protection of interests of minorities. (1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same (2) No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of the State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them.

Article 30. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (1) All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. (1A) In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of an educational institution established and administered by a minority, referred to in clause (1), the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property is such as would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under the clause. (2) The state shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language.

1. Reasons for granting Constitutional rights to minorities: Reservation Separate electorate Educational rights Equality Children of Bharat Matha with handicap Secularism 2. Education of students States responsibility Quality High Standard of education must be maintained by the State

3. In ability of the government to give quality education. 4. Role of private educational institutions in giving quality education. 5. Problem faced by private and minority educational institutions from State Government (unreasonable control over them) 10. Every citizen has the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. Under Article 19 right to occupation (to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business) Education is an occupation Education is charitable in nature

11. Every religious denomination or section thereof has the same right to establish and administer educational institutions as charitable institutions under Article 26(a)

Article 26. Freedom to manage religious affairs Subject to public order, morality and health, every religious denomination or any section thereof shall have the right (a) To establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purpose;

12. Areas of Government Control Administration no absolute right Government can regulate to maintain quality education, welfare of students and employees. 13. Government can frame regulations for Affiliation Recognition Syllabus Examination Qualification of Teachers/Headmaster/ Principal Welfare of students/staff(service rules)

14. Control of Administration Admission of students Welfare of students/staff(service rules) Appointment of Headmaster/Teachers/Principal Disciplinary action against (staff) Governing body 15. Maximum autonomy for unaided educational institutions. 16. Less autonomy for aided educational institutions No right to demand aid [see Article 30(2)] Government cannot take away your minority rights because of aid