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Comparative analysis of national forest policies 1984,1952,1988

N.Kanagaraj
BSF-06-007
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Supplying small timber for public benefits Diverting forest land to agricultural purposes 2/6/2013 3    .FOREST POLICY 1894  Dr Voelcker -The improvement of Indian Agriculture [Chapter VIII ] It is mainly concentrate only agriculture growth.

supply of timber 3.cattle raring 2/6/2013 4 . Forest area divided in to 1. Minor forests.improvement of climatic 2. Commercial forest. Protected forest. Pasture lands.collection of fire wood 4.

Shifting cultivation.  Large area of forest degraded  No restriction for Shifting cultivation  Loss of soil nutrients  Forest used for supplying fuel and fodder or grazing for local consumption 2/6/2013 5 .

fuel leaves .fodder thorns -fencing grass -grazing for cattle edible products -foods 2/6/2013 6 .Forest was used.       small timber -building wood .manure .

No mention about .       Sciencetific management of forest Forest conservation Wild life conservation Women involument Tribal development Forestry Research and education 2/6/2013 7 .

FOREST POLICY1952      The First Forest Policy of 1894 was revised in 1952 . The need for checking of soil erosion  Denudation in the catchments areas for soil and water conservation 2/6/2013 8 . essential national needs . The need for balanced and complementary land-use. on the basis of six dominant needs of the country.

defense. 2/6/2013 9 . communications and industry.public use  Ensuring increasing supplies of grazing. small wood for agricultural implements.  sustained supply of timber . Establishing treelands.

 (A) Protection forests. communications. industry.Physical. climatic considerations  (B) National forests-Defence.Functional classification of forests. (C) Village forest-Local requirements (D) Tree lands.Public use   2/6/2013 10 .

by celebrating the VanaMahotsava.  The need extreme species of commercial importance: To establish nurseries and seed stores To supervise the planting of trees. may be necessary for the development treelands.The duty of the Forest Departments concerned  Establishment of tree lands. 2/6/2013 11 .    Tree awareness among the people by publicity.

 Excessive exploitation of forests for personal use.Control of private forests. In order to arrest such destruction of forests. and other mountainous 20% forests-In the plains.   Proportion of forest areas. the Deccan. 60 % forests in the Himalayas. Maintaining one-third of its total land area under forests.   2/6/2013 12 .

1952. Grazing rate should be kept at a minimum in 'Protection Forests'.   Continuous grazing in the same area should controlled.Wild Life:  A Central Board for Wild life has been constituted by the Government of India in the Ministry of Food and Agriculture at 4th April. Grazing:  Grazing should be regulated. 13 2/6/2013 .

Dehradun.Shifting cultivation  shifting cultivation converted to Taungya Sustained yields Afforestation schemes to replace inferior tree.Superior Officers at the FRI. 2/6/2013 14 .  sustained forest operations such as replacement of what is removed annually Forest education Forestry courses are conducted for Forest Rangers.

Forest budgets  Forestry is a long range enterprise  Income from supply of large timber for defense and industry  Supply of large-sized timber is greater importance to the general economy of the country 2/6/2013 15 .cooperation with industry.  Contact between the Forest department and industries  utilization of the results of research in industrial benefit.

No mention about.agroforestry  Social 2/6/2013 16 .  Women involument  Tribal development forestry.

1988 Basic Objectives.  To ensure environmental stability and maintenance of ecological balance Conserving the natural heritage of the country by preserving the remaining natural forests Checking soil erosion and denudation in the catchment areas of rivers 17   2/6/2013 .National Forest Policy.

Meeting the requirements of fuel-wood.    2/6/2013 18 . of the rural and tribal populations. fodder. for achieving these objectives. Increasing substantially through afforestation and social forestry programmes. Increasing the productivity of forests to meet essential national needs. Creating a people's movement with the involvement of women.

Afforestation.unclass forest Area under Forests:  A minimum of 1/3 rd of the total land area of the country under forest or tree cover.reserved forest  2.Forest area divided in to  1.protected forest  3. Social Forestry:  programme of afforestation and tree planting for fuel wood and fodder 2/6/2013 19 .

Tribal development. 2/6/2013 20 .  Employment to people living in and around the forest. mining and industrial development compensatory by afforestation.  Construction of dams and reservoirs. Diversion of Forest Lands for Non-forest purposes.  symbiotic relationship between the tribal people and forests.  Forest development corporations should be to associate the tribal people.

 Necessary to provide for "corridors" linking the protected areas genetic continuity between artificially separated sub-sections of migrant wildlife. 21  Maintain 2/6/2013 .  Forest Management should take special care of the needs of wildlife conservation.Wildlife Conservation.

2/6/2013 22 .     Contractors should be replaced by tribal cooperatives Protection. Development programmes to meet the needs of the tribal.Special Attention In Forestry Programmes. Family oriented schemes for improving the tribal status . regeneration and optimum collection of minor forest produce . economy in and around the forest areas.

 Grazing and browsing in forest areas need to be controlled. 2/6/2013 23 . Grazing.and productivity of land.Shifting Cultivation  Shifting cultivation is affecting the environment .  It should be rehabilitated through social forestry and energy plantations.  Grazing is stop in forest areas.  It is regulated with the involvement of the local people.

   It is reduced the pressure on nature forest. provide employment to local people in raising trees and raw-material. 2/6/2013 24 .Forest-based Industries  forest-based industry should raise the raw material. Industry should be encouraged to use alternative raw materials.

 Increasing the productivity of wood and other forest produce per unit of area per unit time  Research related to social forestry for rural/ tribal development.Forestry Research. 25  2/6/2013 .  Development of substitutes to replace wood and wood products Research related to wildlife and management of national parks and sanctuaries.

Tribal development No mention 4. Shifting cultivation permitted Taungya system 5. Women involvment No mention No mention Women involving in conservation Increasing the productivity through research 26 6. objective Agriculture Industries Ecological balance 2.NO CONTENT 1894 1952 1988 1. Forestry research and education No mention Not much concentrate 2/6/2013 .S. Wild life conservation No mention Central Board for Wild life No mention special care of the needs of wildlife conservation Corporations with tribal Energy plantation 3.

nic.gov.in/sectors/environment/forest policy.nlsenlaw.ap.in/divisions/fp/nfp  india.nic.org/forest/law-policy/oldforest-policy-october-1894  forest. 2/6/2013 27 .  www.Reference.htm  envfor.in/Forest%20Policy-1952.

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