5 views

Uploaded by bevinj

Physics Lectures

- Ch11-Kinematics of Particles
- H.C. Verma chap-5
- Newtons Laws
- Newtons Law of Motion
- Logic Gates
- Chapter 5 - Applying Newtons Laws - Online Version
- Simple Electronic Mosquito Repellent Circuit
- 31931-179-Newtons Laws of Motion
- Use of Graphic Organizers
- Pulleys
- Newton
- 2015 USA Physics Olympiad Exam
- Newtons Laws of Motion Friction
- Curriculum Planning
- Slide Ch12 Kinematics of Particles
- Newton's Laws Ch 6.2 8th
- Newton's Laws of Motion
- Applications of Newtons Laws
- Chap1 Units and Vectors
- Assessment for Learning Activities

You are on page 1of 46

Lesson 1: Newton's Laws (Review)

Reading:

Heath: Chapter 4 pp. 130 - 140 pp. 146 - 149

A. DYNAMICS (Review)

- explaining the physical world using forces

e.g. F Push Pull F

Fnet = vector sum of all external forces on object = F1 + F2 + F3 + ...

Since it is a vector sum, you must acknowledge the direction of the forces when you add them

i.e. Consider

F1 = 500 N

F2 = 300 N

F1 = 500 N

F2 = 300 N

What would the net external force be? First, establish a reference system: Let right be positive Then left is negative

F1 = 500 N

F2 = 300 N

What would the net external force be? Fnet = F1 + F2 = (+500 N) + (+300 N) = + 800 N 800 N towards the right

So,

Fnet =

i.e. Consider

F1 = 500 N

F2 = 300 N

F1 = 500 N

F2 = 300 N

What would the net external force be? Let's use the same reference system: Let right be positive Then left is negative

F1 = 500 N

F2 = 300 N

What would the net external force be? Fnet = F1 + F2 = (+500 N) + (-300 N) = + 200 N 200 N towards the right

So,

Fnet =

1. Draw a force diagram 2. Establish a reference system (positive direction) 3. Determine if each force is positive or negative 4. Add the vectors as numbers

F1 = 250 N right F2 = 140 N left F3 ? If Fnet is 70 N left, then find F3 (mag and dir).

F1 = 250 N

F2 = 140 N F3 ?

F1 = 250 N

F2 = 140 N F3 ?

If an object is moving at a constant velocity ( a = 0), then the forces are balanced i.e. Fnet = 0

This is called the property of Inertia i.e. Objects at rest tend to stay at rest Objects in motion tend to stay in motion

constant speed

What are the horizontal forces on the car? How are these forces related?

constant velocity

Fground

Fresistance

constant velocity

Fground

Fresistance

Since the car is moving at a constant velocity (no acceleration), the two forces must be equal and opposite i.e. Fground = - Fresistance

Ex. 2 A metal ball is falling through oil at a constant velocity of 7.0 m/s downward. If the oil exerts an upward force of 0.460 N, find: a) the mass of the ball (in grams) b) the distance it travels in 0.46 s.

Fg = Foil

Fg

Foil = 0.460 N

Equal in magnitude (no arrows)

Fg = Foil mg = Foil

Fg

Foil = 0.460 N

m = Foil g = 0.460 N 9.81 N/kg

= 0.04689 kg

Convert to grams:

Unit you want m = 0.04689 kg x 1000 g 1 kg Unit to cancel

Convert to grams:

m = 0.04689 kg x 1000 g 1 kg

= 46.9 g

b)

v = 7.0 m/s d = 3.20 m t? v = d t d = vt = (7.0 m/s) (0.46 s)

3.2 m

If an object experiences unbalanced forces, then it will accelerate in the same direction as Fnet i.e. Fnet = m a

Fnet = m a where m is the mass of the object (in kg) a is the acceleration of the object (in m/s2) Fnet is the net external force on the object (in N) Recall Fnet = F1 + F2 + ...

e.g.

200 N 500 N

200 N

500 N

Ex. 3 A 1300 kg rocket is accelerating upward at 27.0 m/s2 off Earth's surface (from rest). Ignore air resistance. a) Find upward force due to thrusters. b) Find the time required to reach a speed of 150 km/h.

Ref: Up is positive

Fg

27.0 m/s2

Ref: Up is positive

Fg

F

Fg = m g = (1300) (-9.81 N/kg) = -12753 N

Ref: Up is positive

Fg = 12753 N Fnet = m a = (1300 kg) (+27.0 m/s2) = 35100 N 27.0 m/s2

Ref: Up is positive

Fg = 12753 N Fnet = m a = (1300 kg) (+27.0 m/s2) = 35100 N 27.0 m/s2 Fnet = Fg + F 35100 N = -12753 N + F F F = 4.79 x 104 N (upward)

Ref: Up is positive

b) List: vi = 0 a = +27.0 m/s2 vf = 150 x 1000 m 3600 s t?

= 41.667 m/s

Solution: b) List:

Ref: Up is positive

vi = 0 a = +27.0 m/s2 vf = 150 x 1000 m 3600 s t?

= 41.667 m/s

Practice Problems:

Try: Heath p.140 #1 - 4

If A exerts a force on B, then B exerts an equal but opposite reaction force on A. i.e. FA on B = - FB on A

Action force:

The object will hit the ground with a downward force

Fobject = 80 N

Action force:

The object will hit the ground with a downward force

Reaction force:

The ground will exert an equal but opposite force on the object

Fobject = 80 N

Fground = 80 N

2. If an object is moving, what does it tend to do? What is this property called? 3. Describe the forces on an object if it is: a) moving at a constant velocity b) accelerating towards the right c) hitting a stationary tree

SUMMARY 1. How should you always start a dynamics solution? Draw a force diagram State a reference system

2. If an object is moving, what does it tend to do? What is this property called? It tends to continue moving (in same direction) Inertia

3. Describe the forces on an object if it is: a) moving at a constant velocity 1st law - forces are balanced (Fnet = 0)

b) accelerating towards the right 2nd Law - unbalanced forces - Fnet must act to the right

3. Describe the forces on an object if it is: c) hitting a stationary tree 3rd law - object hits the tree with an action force - tree exerts an equal but opposite reaction force on object

Fcar

Ftree

Ftree = - Fcar

- Ch11-Kinematics of ParticlesUploaded byErwin Blas
- H.C. Verma chap-5Uploaded bySarthak
- Newtons LawsUploaded byHasan Alomari
- Newtons Law of MotionUploaded byJoca Rivera
- Logic GatesUploaded byAishatu Musa Abba
- Chapter 5 - Applying Newtons Laws - Online VersionUploaded bybowai741
- Simple Electronic Mosquito Repellent CircuitUploaded byjoan_padilla2000
- 31931-179-Newtons Laws of MotionUploaded byomboye
- Use of Graphic OrganizersUploaded byFadhli Aminuddin
- PulleysUploaded byDraveilois
- NewtonUploaded byAnupam Majumdar
- 2015 USA Physics Olympiad ExamUploaded byDaniil Domaretskiy
- Newtons Laws of Motion FrictionUploaded bymajji satish
- Curriculum PlanningUploaded byChristian Bjorn R. Cunanan
- Slide Ch12 Kinematics of ParticlesUploaded byShahrul Shafiq
- Newton's Laws Ch 6.2 8thUploaded bythegedus
- Newton's Laws of MotionUploaded byAngelito Dela Cruz
- Applications of Newtons LawsUploaded byJomar Manaois
- Chap1 Units and VectorsUploaded byJoanna Lee
- Assessment for Learning ActivitiesUploaded bydavyboylan
- Singapore curiculumUploaded byAyya Chann
- Formative AssessmentUploaded byPatty Del Pozo Franco
- 08 1 Horizontal and Vertical Circular MotionUploaded bychaitudsc
- Calculating Forces in Pulley Mechanical Advantage Systems MaUploaded byAbdel Naser Al-sheikh Yousef
- Unit 1.Newton's LawsUploaded bySanjay Pandey
- Solving Problems on ProjectilesUploaded byAdnan Chowdhury
- Formative AssessmentUploaded byAJCann
- Newton's Law of Motion pdfUploaded bySam Dy
- Modern PhysicsUploaded byAbhishek Das
- Newtons Laws of MotionUploaded bythinkiit

- tenprincipleseconomicsUploaded bybevinj
- Financial Accounting Notes 6Uploaded bybevinj
- Financial Accounting Notes 4Uploaded bybevinj
- Financial Accounting Notes 4bUploaded bybevinj
- Financial Accounting Notes 3Uploaded bybevinj
- Financial Accounting Notes 3bUploaded bybevinj
- Financial Accounting Notes 2bUploaded bybevinj
- Financial Accounting Notes 1&2Uploaded bybevinj
- thetheoryoftradeandinvestmentUploaded bybevinj
- Ten Principle of EconomicsUploaded byWahab khan
- principlesofeconomicUploaded bybevinj
- pricesmarketsmanagementUploaded bybevinj
- elasticityUploaded bybevinj
- typesUploaded bybevinj
- storageUploaded bybevinj
- softwaresapplicationsystemUploaded bybevinj
- plionis_pp15Uploaded bybevinj
- networkingUploaded bybevinj
- memoryUploaded bybevinj
- iodevicesUploaded bybevinj
- introductiontocomputerUploaded bybevinj
- generationsUploaded bybevinj
- dbsUploaded bybevinj
- cpuUploaded bybevinj
- compnentUploaded bybevinj
- Project Management 15Uploaded bybevinj
- Project Management 14Uploaded bybevinj
- Project Management 13Uploaded bybevinj

- RFID Technology and Its Impact on the Supply ChainUploaded byPriyamvada Sabrina
- [doi 10.1055%2Fs-0035-1549095] D. Bauer; M. Tung; J. Tsao -- Mechanisms of Traumatic Brain Injury.pdfUploaded byGUSTAV
- (1)Project Digest 3 Main-Railway Double Tracking on Java NoUploaded byAnonymous YBpJIh1I
- 222048_1322751017120111Uploaded byCoolerAds
- Istation - Program Manual_rev4Uploaded byNicolasDelgado
- All Plant Line ListUploaded byengr.shahid041
- Holiday Assignment Grade 4Uploaded bysangops
- Hypocalcemia in GastroenteritisUploaded bySamiullah Shaikh
- Bioavailability of zinc glycinate in comparison with zinc sulphate.pdfUploaded byI. Murali Krishna
- FortiGate 94D POE 18Uploaded byamdusias67
- CP1 June 2014 WebUploaded byAndrew Orr
- 2013 CIF Industry Report (Med Res)Uploaded byManish Verma
- SAT II Math Level 2 Subject Test Notes: FunctionsUploaded bytomcantyyy
- Methcathinone ManufactureUploaded byJimmythebqh
- Combat Jump Into Iraq, 2003Uploaded byThorin Sprandel
- DilasaUploaded bySaikat Mondal
- Medical EntomologyUploaded byJaya Sudhakar
- Matanga Agama Vidya PadaUploaded byBimalKrishna
- Nasa Std 5005dUploaded byvominhthai
- KiplingUploaded byClancy Ratliff
- TN-29Uploaded bypolanco999
- MX New UserUploaded byshiva5059
- UENR7921UENR7921-05_SISUploaded byMiguel Perez
- Davis-Dean-Judy-1982-Zambia.pdfUploaded bythe missions network
- Workshop 6a - Cement Packing & Dispatch - IntroUploaded byNo Pi
- Asian Gypsy Moth Update 2012Uploaded byFahreza Mawlana
- ShockUploaded byherdigunanta
- George j.critsUploaded byshaburo
- CHAPTER 6_ Hydraulic Reservoirs _ Other Technologies Content From Hydraulics & PneumaticsUploaded byAnonymous BJW03Z1
- Dell Monitor u2715h User Guide ENUploaded byPavel Căruntu