ARCHITECTURAL VISUAL COMMUNICATION 5

COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUE

AR. DIANE A.

COLORED PENCIL
Colored pencil is a simple, versatile medium – it can be used to replicate the look of oils, watercolor, acrylic, and more. Although it has been used as a fine art medium for less than a century. Its popularity has grown significantly over the last few decade.  Inexpensive, easy to transport, nontoxic, easy to find in art and craft stores, and combine well with other media.

AR. DIANE A.

TOOLS AND MATERIALS

PENCILS As with all art supplies, the price of a pencil indicates its quality; better pencils have truer color.

AR. DIANE A.

TOOLS AND MATERIALS

PENCILS Choosing Pencils. There are many types of pencils available – harder, thinner leads are ideal for rendering fine lines and detail, while softer, thicker leads are great for filling in large areas. Some manufacturers make both hard, thin lead and soft, thick lead versions of the same colors.

AR. DIANE A.

TOOLS AND MATERIALS  ERASERS Colored pencil artists can’t use ordinary erasers to correct their work. the friction between a rubber or vinyl eraser and the paper will actually melt the wax pigment and flatten the tooth (or grain) of the paper. Kneaded eraser is useful for removing small amounts of color. DIANE A. AR. .

DIANE A. AR.TOOLS AND MATERIALS  PAPERS Textured papers are best for colored pencil work because the rough grain “catches” the color so it accepts more pigment than smooth paper would. .

You can also use a sandpaper pad to refine a pencil point.TOOLS AND MATERIALS  SHARPENERS You can achieve various effects depending on how sharp or dull your pencil is. a sharp point will ultimately provide a smoother layer of color. . AR. DIANE A. but generally you’ll want to make sure your pencils are sharpened at all times.

.TOOLS AND MATERIALS  EXTRAS AR. DIANE A.

so instead of “mixing” colors as you would for painting. DIANE A.COLOR THEORY  Colored pencils are transparent by nature. AR. you create blends by layering colors on top of one another. .

placed in an equilateral triangle. BLUE and RED AR. DIANE A. . YELLOW.Primary Colors Our color wheel starts with 3 primary colors.

. DIANE A.Secondary Colors The secondary colors are: •ORANGE (mix red + yellow) •GREEN (mix yellow + blue) •VIOLET (mix blue + red) AR.

red-orange. red-violet. blue-violet. DIANE A. and yellowgreen. blue-green.Tertiary Colors The tertiary colors are: yellow-orange. AR. .

.COLOR THEORY HUE refers to the color itself.  AR. such as blue or purple  INTENSITY means the strength or chroma of a color (usually gauged by pressure applied or pencil quality in colored pencil)  VALUE is a term used to describe the relative lightness or darkness of a color (or of black). DIANE A. It is the manipulation of values that creates the illusion of form in a drawing.

red-violet. . AR.TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Analogous: Colors that contain a common hue and are found next to each other on the color wheel. They are effective at showing depth. DIANE A.. violet.g. Remember adjoining colors on the wheel are similar and tend to blend together. and red create a sense of harmony. e.

AR.TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Monochromatic: One color. A monochromatic color scheme uses only one hue (color) and all values (shades or tints) of it for a unifying and harmonious effect. . DIANE A.

.black. if you try to make a color darker by adding a darker color to it the color (hue) changes. however. AR. white. gray. and sometimes brown are considered "neutral".TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Neutral colors: Contain equal parts of each of the three primary colors . When neutrals are added to a color only the value changes. DIANE A.

DIANE A.. AR.g. red and orange are the colors of fire. e. .TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Warm colors: Suggest warmth and seem to move toward the viewer and appear closer.

TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Cool colors: Suggest coolness and seem to recede from a viewer and fall back. .g.. DIANE A. blue and green are the colors of water and trees). e. AR.

e. they seem to vibrate and draw attention to the element Not all color schemes.g. Changing the values of the hues. yellow and purple. adding black or white. will soften the effect. When a pair of high intensity complements are placed side by side. based on complementary colors are loud and demanding -. DIANE A. Intensity can only be altered by mixing a color with its complement. blue and orange. which has the effect of visually neutralizing the color.if the hues are of low-intensity the contrast is not too harsh..TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Complementary: Two colors opposite one another on the color wheel. AR. . red and green.

TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Triad: A color triad is composed of three colors spaced an equal distance apart on the color wheel.red. DIANE A.. . yellow. The contrast between triad colors is not as strong as that between complements. Primary . and blue AR.

TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Triad: Secondary . .by mixing two primary colors. DIANE A. AR.

DIANE A. blue-green. AR. blue-purple.colors are created by mixing a primary and a secondary: Red-orange. . and red-purple. yellow-green. yelloworange.TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Triad: Intermediate .

AR. This is easier to work with than a straight complementary scheme. It offers more variety.g. red-orange.. e. DIANE A.TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Triad: Split complements .the combination of one hue plus the hues on each side of its complement. . blue. and green.

so you should choose a color to be dominant or subdue the colors.TYPES OF COLOR SCHEME Triad: Double complementary . AR. It uses four colors arranged into two complementary color pairs. DIANE A. . This scheme is hard to harmonize. if all four colors are used in equal amounts. the scheme may look unbalanced.two adjacent hues and their opposites.

AR. . Shade: A hue produced by the addition of black. Tint: A hue produced by the addition of white.Shade and tint are terms that refer to a variation of a hue. DIANE A.

and the direction. AR. width and texture of the line you draw will all contribute to the effects you create. DIANE A. .COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES  STROKES Each line you make in a colored pencil drawing is important . practice making different strokes.

COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES  STROKES Apply light. use the side and then point of your pencil and experiment with long. medium and heavy pressure. DIANE A. . precise ones. sweeping strokes as well as short. AR.

COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES AR. . DIANE A.

. DIANE A.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES AR.

.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES AR. DIANE A.

The density of color you create with hatch stokes depends on weight of the lines you draw and how much space you leave between them. DIANE A. producing a meshlike patter.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES  HATCHING The term hatching refers to creating a series of roughly parallel lines. CROSS-HATCHING is laying one set of hatched lines over another but in the opposite direction. AR. .

DIANE A.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES AR. .

AR. layer more of the same over it. DIANE A. . to dull it. To deepen a color.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES  LAYERING AND BLENDING Because colored pencils are translucent. artists use a transparent layer process to either build up color or create new hues. use its complement.

COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES AR. . DIANE A.

.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES AR. DIANE A.

DIANE A.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES AR. .

. shiny blend. DIANE A. Usually a heavy layer of white (or another light color) is applied over darker colors to create a smooth. AR.COLORED PENCIL TECHNIQUES  BURNISHING Burnishing (or opaque layering) is a blending technique that requires heavy pressure to meld two or more colors. which also flattens the tooth of the paper.

AR. . DIANE A.

AR. DIANE A. .

. DIANE A.AR.

REFERENCES: .