Japanese Architecture

PREPARED BY : SITI NADHIRAH & NUR FAZIRA

climate

Japanese Architecture
China Buddhism

multitude or sometimes none . • Made of wood • Post-and-lintel structure of partially-screened.Features of Japanese Architecture • Roof is made of heavy timbers. geometricallyarranged rooms with sliding doors •built with few nails •Interior .

Features of Traditional Japanese Home •made of wood •has tatami mat floors •sliding shoji doors •coffered ceiling •lath-and-plaster walls •tokonoma (display alcoves) •Genkan(entrance) .

Architecture in Japan THROUGHOUT THE HISTORY .

•small buildings •thatched roofs •dirt floors(made of wood if the area is humid) Reconstructed storehouse Prehistoric Period .

Asuka Period “ASUKA PERIOD” • the term was first used to describe a period in the history of Japanese fine -arts and architecture • was influenced by the introduction of Buddhism from China via Korean Peninsula .

other Buddhist images.The Main Worship Hall -usually found at the center of the temple grounds .Inside are images of the Buddha. Main Worship Hall(Kondo) Asuka Period . an altar or altars with various objects and space for monks and worshipers.

Water.Five Story Pagoda •have five stories represent the five elements : •Earth. Wind. Fire. Sky The Five Story Pagoda Asuka Period .

the Shinto "gods“ Main Features: •Komainu •Torii •Chozuya •Main sanctuary Shinto Shrine Asuka Period .Shinto Shrines -places of worship and the dwellings of the kami.

the style was characterised by symmetrical buildings placed as arms that defined an inner garden Shinden-Zukuri The Phoenix Hall Heian Period .shinden-zukuri .

. s y m m e t r i c a l . •M a n y h o u s e s w e r e j u s t p l a i n .Kamakura Period •T h e J a p a n e s e P o l i t i c a l p o w e r w a s r u n b y Samuri. and contained trenches but they were simple and sturdy.

contains 1.000 lifesize statues of the Thousand Armed Kannon The Sanju-Sangen-Do The Thousand Armed Kannon Kamakura Period .Sanju-Sangen-Do -Hall with thirty three spaces between columns .

Tea House •For tea cermonies •Must have an atmosphere of calm and meditation •The only adornment was a hanging scroll with calligraphy or a flower arrangement Tea House Kamakura Period .

.Azuchi-Momoyama Period In response to a militaristic time. was built to keep out intruders or attackers. a defensive structure. the castle.

corridors and tunnels •Defensive walls with triangular and circular holes for firing arrows and guns.Defense features: •elaborate mazes of halls. for pouring boiling oil and rocks .

•was built by Ikeda Terumasa. •It has managed to avoid being destroyed by a fire or natural disaster and was never attacked. Himeji Castle aka White Heron Castle Azuchi-Momoyama Period .Himeji Castle •the best of Japan's castles •one of the few with some its original interior and exterior intact.

Enhanced Architecture: •Machiya Katsura-Detached Palace Typical Machiya (townhouses) Edo Period .This period brought back a lot of classic Japanese architecture. The city of Edo was struck by fires repeatedly so architecture was simplified to allow for easy rebuilding.

•Emperor Meiji took charge. Nara National Museum Meiji Period . •European influences slowly managed to work their way to architecture. new and different forms of culture moved into Japan.

but the new Japan looked much different than old Japan. •After World War II a lot of Japan had to be rebuilt. Modern Architecture . •The styles went from big. rectangular prisms to long and tall skyscrapers.•Change in technology greatly affected the architecture.

THANKS FOR GIVE A TIME FOR LISTEN AND WATCHING!!.:D ...

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