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MAGNETIC FIELD: A condition found in the region around a magnet or an electric current, characterized by the existence of a detectable magnetic force at every point in the region and by the existence of magnetic poles. A region of space near a magnet, electric current, or moving charged particle in which a magnetic force acts on any other magnet, electric current, or moving charged particle.

There many applications in our day to day life some of them are Motor Maglev trains Mass Spectrometer etc..

Maglev is the shortened form of the phrase MAGNETIC LEVITATION. MAGNETIC LEVITATION is a way of using magnetic fields to levitate with out any noise or the need of the liquid fuel or air Thus maglev means floating of one magnet over the other.

The different technologies or the methods for achieving the magnetic levitation are many. Some of them are: Germanys TRANSRAPID system By using diamagnets and permanent magnets By using super conductors technology.

The magnetic levitation of train acts with the LONG STATOR LINEAR MOTOR (LLM) which is situated beneath the guide way. As the levitation is achieved the problem rolling friction is kept off. The propulsion magnet is fixed to the guide way or the track to which the continuous 3-phase power supply has to be given

Cut open stator is LLM

Transrapid 6

Transrapid 7

Comparison of long stator motor with the stator of the 3phase AC motor

The rotor section of the motor is like wise comparable to have been unrolled and attached to the levitation system of vehicle This technique means that the vehicle and guide way form the single unit .

In this way the vehicle is accelerated or decelerated by inducing 3-phase current in LLM which creates a travelling magnetic field The speed of the vehicle is determined by the frequency (in Hz) of the current in the LLM, Which in turn determines the speed of the travelling magnetic field

Notable consequences in the maglev trains:

The drive system isn't installed in the vehicle , instead its in the guide way so the maximum acceleration & speed for the duration of journey can be planned in advance through Prior adjustment The speed ranges from the 500-550 kmph in normal planes

Control Systems: There are no signalling systems for high or low speed maglev systems. There is no need since all these systems are computer controlled. Besides, at the extremely high speeds of these systems, no human operator could react fast enough to slow down or stop in time. Two maglev system microwave towers are in contact with an EMS vehicle at all times for two-way communication between the vehicle and the central command centre's main operations computer. There are no need for train whistles or horns, either.