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Chapter 12

The Behavior of
Gases
12-1
Properties of Gases
Kinetic Theory Revisited
• Kinetic Energy =
• means the energy of motion
• Assumption of Kinetic
theory:
• Gases are made up of hard
spherical particles that
have the following
properties:
Properties of Gas Particles #1
• Property #1 = Gas particles are so
small in relation to the distance
between them their individual
volumes are assumed to be
insignificant
• Large empty space between
particles because of distance
between particles
• Gases can be compressed
Properties of Gas Particles #1
Compressibility
• Compressibility=
• is the measure of how much volume
of matter decreases under pressure
• Gases are easily compressed because
of the space between the particles
• Gases are used in air bags because
they absorb the energy of the
collision when compressed
Properties of Gas Particles #2
• Property #2 = Gas particles
have no attractive or repulsive
forces between the particles
• The result is Gases are free to
move around their container
• Gases will expand until it take
the shape and volume of its
container
Properties of Gas Particles #3
• Property #3 =Gas particles
move rapidly in constant
random motion
• Particles will travel in
straight paths and
independently of each
other.
Properties of Gas Particles #3
• Collisions with other particles
or objects is perfectly elastic.
• No loss of energy in a collision
just a change in direction
• Energy of the collisions is
directly related to temp of gas
on Kelvin scale
4 Variables That Describe a Gas
• Pressure (P) in kilopascals
• Volume (V) in liters
• Temperature (T) in Kelvins
• Number of Moles (n)
• Gas Laws will help you
understand everyday
applications Ex.=
• Car airbag– scuba-diving
equipment—hot air balloons