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Based on TIP 30

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 Assessments
 Transition Plans
 Transition Plan Checklist
 Important Services
 Special Populations
 Confidentiality Issues

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 1 in 144 crimes is related to substance use,
abuse or sale
 Less than 13 percent of offenders identified

as needing treatment receives it

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 Assessments for offenders should be
conducted within the institution as early
and often as possible
◦ Every 90 days is a good guide
◦ At least 3–6 months before the offender's release.

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 Should Assess
◦ Needs
◦ Treatment Readiness
◦ Treatment Progress
 Should produce
◦ Appropriate treatment plan
◦ Feasible outcome measures

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 Activities of Daily Living
◦ Housing
◦ Hygiene
◦ Nutrition
◦ Transportation
 Social Abilities
◦ Empathy/Respect for others
◦ Ability to form and maintain relationships
◦ Anger/Impulse management
◦ Addicted/Criminal Thinking
 Ability to access needed services
◦ Medical
◦ Vocational
◦ Social service

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 Vocational Skills and Abilities
◦ Knowledge/Academic skills
◦ Physical Skills
◦ Responding to authority
◦ Transportation
◦ Timeliness/reliability
 Family Issues
◦ Interpersonal relationships
◦ Current family substance abuse
◦ Child care and custody issues
◦ Level of family support

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 24 Hour Principle
◦ Success depends on continuity of care and
gradual step-down
 Placement in appropriate treatment setting
◦ Residential
◦ IOP/OP
Treatment times supportive of job or vice versa
Accessibility
Linkages with self-help groups and sponsors
Linkages with prosocial activities

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 Relapse Prevention Plan
◦ Multidisciplinary team: probation officer,
counselor, case manager, sponsor/peer support
◦ All basic needs must be addressed
Safety and Security
Food and Health Care
Social and Emotional
Self Esteem

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 Accountability, Incentives and Sanctions
◦ Accountability builds self esteem only if there is
respect for the person to whom he or she is
accountable
◦ Behaviors are chosen based on what provides the
greatest perceived reward or the lease perceived
punishment
◦ Rewards are more effective than sanctions
◦ You cannot replace chocolate with celery

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 Increased number of urinalyses
 Breathalyzer™
 More frequent contacts/Day reporting
 Curfew
 Extension of term or time
 Community service
 Increased AA and/or NA meetings
 Withholding of privileges and personal
freedoms
 Electronic monitoring

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 Facility transfer
 Increased intensity of treatment
 Additional reporting with additional
charges or costs assessed
 Return to incarceration, i.e., supervision
violation

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 Minimize/Rationalize
 Blame problems on external
circumstances
 Lack of empathy
 Entitlement
 Power and Control
 Overconfidence
 Lack of ability to delay gratification/Need
for frequent rewards
 Pleasure/excitement first

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 Lack of safety/security, physical or
emotional
 Lack of a sense of love and belonging

◦ Emotionally or physically absent parents
◦ Foster system
 Lack of community and/or family
organization
 Lack of prosocial role models
 Positive attitudes towards drugs and

criminal behavior
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 The strength of a reward or sanction is
dependent on the preferences of the
offender
◦ Miracle question
◦ Motivational Interviewing strategies
 Rewards in criminal behavior
◦ Power
◦ Sense of Belonging
◦ Recognition/Loyalty
◦ Money/Sex

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 Contact numbers for
◦ Peer support group
◦ Probation officer
◦ Counselor/Case Manager
 Warning Sign Identification Card
 Relapse Prevention/Continuing Care Plan
 Final Assessment and Placement Sheet

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 Reductions in substance use, extended periods of
abstinence, substance-free days, crime-free days,
reductions in the number of arrests
 Restoration or establishment of ongoing and
recovery-supporting social network
 Substance-free and crime-free for at least a year
 Consistent employment
 Stable housing
 Bank account with savings
 Agreed-upon treatment goals met
 Consistent participation in support groups
 Correctional obligations (terms and conditions)
met
 Restitution (fines and fees) paid
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 Transitional Housing
 Mentors and Role Models
 Self Help Groups
 Prosocial Activities
 “Family” Involvement
 Employment
 Financial Planning/Banking
 Prosocial Peers
 Transportation
 Education/Vocational Training as needed
 Health Care
 Child Care

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 Domestic Violence
 Drug-Involved Significant Others
 Economic Self-Sufficiency
 Department of Children and Families Case
Plans
 HIV/AIDS
 Mental Illness
 Physical Disabilities
 Cognitive Disabilities

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 Must be in a “safe” environment
 Must provide sufficient income to

feed/clothe/house
 Consistent, daytime or early evening

schedules (day labor not ideal)
 Regular drug testing
 Initial high supervision
 Low to medium stress environment initially

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 Respect federal guidelines for
confidentiality
 Recognize differences in confidentiality

regulations between voluntary and
involuntary clients
 Ensure client provides full informed consent

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 Criminal behavior and drug use have been
the mainstay
 They numb pain, protect from
vulnerability, provide social contacts
 Transition needs to be gradual
 Strife and stress need to be avoided as
much as possible initially (H.A.L.T.)
 Ensure the person has safe housing,
sufficient food, medical care and social
supports

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 Discharge plan needs to
◦ Identify relapse warning signs
◦ Outline a relapse prevention plan
◦ Provide a timeline and measurable, meaningful
goals
 As desirable behaviors are rewarded and
increase, undesirable behaviors will subside

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The criminal/addicted mentality developed as
a method of survival over time, so recovery
will not happen over night.

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