You are on page 1of 48   What shape can you see?   SOLID
GEOMETRY II

LEARNING OUTCOMES State and find surface areas of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.   DEFINITION 12.1 PROPERTIES SOLIDS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
PRISM
A solid with two congruent, parallel
bases which are polygons.
PYRAMID
A solid with a base which is a polygon
and triangular sides that converge at a
vertex.
CYLINDER
A solid with two parallel congruent
circular faces and a curved surface.
CONE
A solid with a circular base and a
vertex.
SPHERE
A solid having all of its points the same
distance from its centre.  Rectangular Prisms Triangular Prisms Hexagonal Prisms   Rectangular Pyramid  Hexagonal Pyramid   • 5 vertices  • 6 vertices 12.2
NETS OF GEOMETRIC
SOLIDS

solid. EXAMPLE 1

1)   2) 3)  4)  WORKSHEET

12.3 SURFACE AREA The surface area of a solid is the
total area of all the faces of the
solid.
• It is measured using squares
• Units include mm²,cm²,m²,km².

PYRAMID  PRISM  Calculate the surface area of the pyramid shown.  SOLUTION
13 cm
10 cm

2 SURFACE AREA OF CYLINDER r r
l
h

SURFACE AREA OF CONE l
r l
r

SURFACE AREA OF SPHERE ) 2

• 22 2

7

21 cm  2

• x for the 10 cm
x cm

 22 6) Calculate the surface area of the cone Solution
13 cm
12 cm
5 cm

7)

2.8 mm h  100 Example 1   3.142 Example 2 . “Hemi”
means half.        HOMEWORK

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