LEARNING OUTCOMES
State the geometric properties of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.
Draw nets for prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones.
State and find surface areas of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.
DEFINITION
Solid geometry is concerned with three-dimensional shapes.
Some examples of three-dimensional shapes are:
• Prisms • Pyramids • Cylinders • Cones • Spheres
12.2
NETS OF GEOMETRIC
SOLIDS
A net is a two-dimensional
figure that can be folded
into a three-dimensional
solid.
Example 1:
Calculate the surface area of the pyramid shown.
Area of square base
10 10 100cm
2
Area of a triangular face
1
2
10
12
60
cm
2
Surface area of the pyramid
100 (4 60 ) 340 cm
2
l = circumference of the base circle
2r
Area of curved surface (rectangular) + Area of two circular faces.
2rh 2r
2
Example
Find the surface
area of a cylinder
with a radius of 7 cm and a height of
20 cm. (Take
7
SOLUTION
r 7cm
h 20cm
Surface area of the cylinder
2r
2rh
2(
)(7
2
)
2(
22
7
)(7)(20)
2
Area of sector =
rl
Area of circle =
r
2
Area of sector + Area of circle
rl r
2
Example
Calculate the surface area of a cone
with a radius
of
5
cm and
a slant
height of 8 cm. (Take 3.142)
Surface area of a sphere =
4r
2
Where r is the radius of the sphere
Example:
Find the surface area of the sphere.
(Take
22
7
)
SOLUTION
Surface area of the sphere:
2
4r 4
22
7
3.5
2
154
2
cm
1) Find the surface area of the sphere
that has
a) radius =
1
3
11
m
b) diameter =
2.8cm
SOLUTION
The solid given is cylinder.
r
21
2
h ?
2
r rh
2
2
1551
2
22
7
21
2
2
22
21
7
2
h
1551
693 66h 66h 1551 858
h 13
3) A cone has a base of diameter 14 cm.
Find the
slant height of the cone if its
surface area 286
2
cm
.
Take
22
7
SOLUTION
Diameter =14 cm
_{r} _{} _{7}
_{l} _{} _{?}
2
rl r
286
22
7
7
s
22
7
7
2
286
22s 154 286 22l 132 l 6
4) A sphere has a surface area of What is its radius?
2
.
Let r be the radius of the sphere.
Surface area of the sphere =
4r
2
2
4r 804
4
7
2
mm
4
22
7
2
r
5632
7
88
7
_{2}
r
5632
7
r
2
64
r 8
5) Calculate the value of following solid.
Surface area = 785 cm ^{2}
6)
12 cm
5 cm
Calculate the surface area of the cone
^{7}^{)}
2.8 mm
If the diameter of the iron rod is 2.8 mm and the
surface area of the rod is 2.8mm, find its length.
Find the total surface area of the
following solid. Take
3.142
.
The solid shown below consists of a cone and a hemisphere with a common base. What is the total surface area of
the solid? Take
π 3.142
.
• Ex12.3A, Ex12.3B, Ex12.3C
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Chapter 13 - Statistics