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What shape can you see?
What shape can you see?
What shape can you see?

What shape can you see?

What shape can you see?
What shape can you see?
SOLID GEOMETRY II
SOLID
GEOMETRY II

LEARNING OUTCOMES

LEARNING OUTCOMES  State the geometric properties of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.  Draw

State the geometric properties of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.

Draw nets for prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones.

State and find surface areas of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.

DEFINITION

DEFINITION  Solid geometry is concerned with three-dimensional shapes.  Some examples of three-dimensional shapes are:

Solid geometry is concerned with three-dimensional shapes.

Some examples of three-dimensional shapes are:

Prisms Pyramids Cylinders Cones Spheres

12.1 PROPERTIES

SOLIDS DESCRIPTION EXAMPLES PRISM A solid with two congruent, parallel bases which are polygons. PYRAMID A
SOLIDS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
PRISM
A solid with two congruent, parallel
bases which are polygons.
PYRAMID
A solid with a base which is a polygon
and triangular sides that converge at a
vertex.
CYLINDER
A solid with two parallel congruent
circular faces and a curved surface.
CONE
A solid with a circular base and a
vertex.
SPHERE
A solid having all of its points the same
distance from its centre.
Rectangular Prisms Triangular Prisms Hexagonal Prisms
Rectangular Prisms

Rectangular Prisms

Triangular Prisms

Triangular Prisms

Hexagonal Prisms

Hexagonal Prisms

Square Pyramids Rectangular Pyramid Triangular Pyramid Hexagonal Pyramid
Square Pyramids Rectangular Pyramid Triangular Pyramid Hexagonal Pyramid
Square Pyramids Rectangular Pyramid Triangular Pyramid Hexagonal Pyramid

Square Pyramids

Rectangular Pyramid

Square Pyramids Rectangular Pyramid Triangular Pyramid Hexagonal Pyramid
Square Pyramids Rectangular Pyramid Triangular Pyramid Hexagonal Pyramid

Triangular Pyramid

Hexagonal Pyramid

5 faces 8 edges 5 vertices 2 faces 2 edges 1 vertices 5 faces 9 edges
5 faces 8 edges 5 vertices 2 faces 2 edges 1 vertices 5 faces 9 edges
5 faces 8 edges 5 vertices 2 faces 2 edges 1 vertices 5 faces 9 edges
  • 5 faces

  • 8 edges

  • 5 vertices

5 faces 8 edges 5 vertices 2 faces 2 edges 1 vertices 5 faces 9 edges
5 faces 8 edges 5 vertices 2 faces 2 edges 1 vertices 5 faces 9 edges
  • 2 faces

  • 2 edges

1 vertices

  • 5 faces

  • 9 edges

  • 6 vertices

12.2 NETS OF GEOMETRIC SOLIDS
12.2
NETS OF GEOMETRIC
SOLIDS

A net is a two-dimensional

figure that can be folded

into a three-dimensional

solid.

12.2 NETS OF GEOMETRIC SOLIDS A net is a two-dimensional figure that can be folded into

EXAMPLE 1

1)

EXAMPLE 1 1) 2)
EXAMPLE 1 1) 2)
2)
2)
EXAMPLE 1 1) 2)

3)

3) 4)
3) 4)

4)

3) 4)
WORKSHEET
WORKSHEET

12.3 SURFACE AREA

The surface area of a solid is the total area of all the faces of the
The surface area of a solid is the
total area of all the faces of the
solid.
• It is measured using squares
• Units include mm²,cm²,m²,km².

SOLIDS

NETS

SURFACE AREA

PYRAMID

   
Area of four triangular faces + Area of rectangular base
Area of four triangular faces + Area of rectangular base

Area of four triangular faces + Area of rectangular base

PRISM

   
Area of three rectangular faces + Area of two triangular faces
Area of three rectangular faces + Area of two triangular faces

Area of three rectangular faces + Area of two triangular faces

Example 1:

Calculate the surface area of the pyramid shown.

Example 1: Calculate the surface area of the pyramid shown.
SOLUTION 13 cm 10 cm
SOLUTION
13 cm
10 cm

Area of square base

10 10 100cm

2

Area of a triangular face

1

2

10

12

60

cm

2

Surface area of the pyramid

100 (4 60 ) 340 cm

2

SURFACE AREA OF CYLINDER

r
r
r l h
r
l
h

l = circumference of the base circle

2r

Area of curved surface (rectangular) + Area of two circular faces.

2rh 2r

2

Example

Find the surface

area of a cylinder

with a radius of 7 cm and a height of

20 cm. (Take

  • 22 )

7

SOLUTION

r 7cm

h 20cm

Surface area of the cylinder

  • 2
    22
    7 308 880 1188cm

2r

2rh

2(

)(7

2

)

2(

22

7

)(7)(20)

2

SURFACE AREA OF CONE

l r
l
r
l r
l
r

Area of sector =

rl

Area of circle =

r

2

Area of sector + Area of circle

rl r

2

Example

Calculate the surface area of a cone

with a radius

of

5

cm and

a slant

height of 8 cm. (Take 3.142)

SOLUTION

r 5cm

  • l 8cm

Surface area of the cone

2

rl r 204.23cm

(3.142 )(5)(8)

2

2

(3.142 )(5 )

SURFACE AREA OF SPHERE

SURFACE AREA OF SPHERE Surface area of a sphere = 4  r 2 Where r

Surface area of a sphere =

4r

2

Where r is the radius of the sphere

Example:

Find the surface area of the sphere.

(Take

22

7

)

Example: Find the surface area of the sphere. (Take   22 7 )

SOLUTION

Surface area of the sphere:

2

4r 4

22

7

3.5

2

154

2

cm

POP QUIZ

1) Find the surface area of the sphere

that has

a) radius =

1

3

11

m

b) diameter =

2.8cm

SOLUTION

  • a) r 1

3

11

4

2

r  

4

  • 22 2

  14  

11

  • 7 20.3636

  • b) Diameter =

2 .82

4r

2

4

22

7

(

2 .8

2

)

2

24.64

2)

Find the value

the

of

h

for

the solid surface

shown in

diagram if

its

area is 1551

2

cm

.

Take

22

7

21 cm

2) Find the value the of h for the solid surface shown in diagram if its
2) Find the value the of h for the solid surface shown in diagram if its

h cm

SOLUTION

The solid given is cylinder.

r

21

2

h ?

2

r rh

2

2

1551

 

2

22

7

21

2

2

 

2

22

21

7

2

h

1551

693 66h 66h   1551 858

h 13

3) A cone has a base of diameter 14 cm.

Find the

slant height of the cone if its

surface area 286

2

cm

.

Take

22

7

SOLUTION

Diameter =14 cm

r 7

l ?

2

rl r

286

22

7

7

  s

22

7

7

2

286

22s 154 286 22l 132 l 6

4) A sphere has a surface area of What is its radius?

804

4

mm

7

2

.

Let r be the radius of the sphere.

Surface area of the sphere =

4r

2

2

4r 804

4

7

2

mm

4

22

7

2

r

5632

7

88

7

2

r

5632

7

r

2

64

r 8

5) Calculate the value of following solid.

  • x for the

10 cm x cm
10 cm
x cm

Surface area = 785 cm 2

SOLUTION

r 10

2

rl r

22

7

10

l

22

 

7

10

2

785

220 l

7

  • 2200 785

7

220 l 3295

7

7

  • l 14.97

6)

6) 12 cm 5 cm Calculate the surface area of the cone

12 cm

5 cm

Calculate the surface area of the cone

Solution 13 cm 12 cm 5 cm
Solution
13 cm
12 cm
5 cm

Surface area = 282.8571

7)

2.8 mm

2.8 mm If the diameter of the iron rod is 2.8 mm and the surface area

If the diameter of the iron rod is 2.8 mm and the

surface area of the rod is 2.8mm, find its length.

Solution

r 1.4

2

rh r

2

2

2

22

7

1.4

h

2

22

7

1.4

2

892 .32

8.8h 12.32 898.32

h 100

Example 1

Example 1 Find the total surface area of the following solid. Take   3.142 .

Find the total surface area of the

following solid. Take

3.142

Example 1 Find the total surface area of the following solid. Take   3.142 .

.

Example 2

Example 2 The solid shown below consists of a cone and a hemisphere with a common

The solid shown below consists of a cone and a hemisphere with a common base. What is the total surface area of

the solid? Take

π 3.142

.

“Hemi” means half.
“Hemi”
means half.
Example 2 The solid shown below consists of a cone and a hemisphere with a common
HOMEWORK
HOMEWORK

Ex12.3A, Ex12.3B, Ex12.3C

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Chapter 13 - Statistics