Procedure and method

• Three major conditions. and by the gender of the model exposed to.• 36 boys and 36 girls • Aged between 37 to 69 months (mean = 52 months). . • Method = laboratory experiment. • The role models = one male adult and one female adult. – the control group – the group exposed to the aggressive model – the group exposed to the passive model • The children who were exposed to the adult models were divided by their gender.

Aggressive Model Condition 6 boys with same sex model 6 boys with opposite 6 girls with same sex sex model model 6 girls with opposite sex model .

Non-Aggressive Model Condition 6 boys with same sex model 6 boys with opposite 6 girls with same sex sex model model 6 girls with opposite sex model .

Variables • The condition the children were exposed to • The gender of the role model • The gender of the child .

Problem occurred? • The small number of children may cause the results to be distorted if one group contained for instance three children who are normally quite aggressive. .

• For example. . this may be because this small group of 6 boys were already the most aggressive children. this small group of 6 boys were already the most aggressive children. were the most aggressive group. If the researchers found that this group who witnessed an aggressive display by the male model.

Solution • Pre-testing the children for how aggressive they were. • How? – by observing the children in the nursery and judged their aggressive behaviour – match the children in each group so that they had similar levels of aggression – this is an example of a matched pairs design. .

.• The observers were – the experimenter (female) – a nursery school teacher (female) – the model for male aggression. – physical aggression – verbal aggression – aggression towards inanimate objects – aggressive inhibition • Each child’s score was obtained by adding the result of the four ratings. • The rating scales were.

• The room was set out for play .Stage one of the experiment • The children were brought to the experimental room by the experimenter • The model. who was in the hallway outside the room. was invited to come in and join in the game.

• One corner was arranged as the child's play area • There was : – a small table and chair – potato prints – picture stickers .

• After the model was seated the experimenter left the experimental room. chair. tinkertoy set. . a mallet and a five foot inflatable Bobo doll.• After settling the child in its corner the adult model was escorted to the opposite corner of the room where there was a small table.

but after one minute turned to Bobo and was aggressive to the doll . the model ignored Bobo and assembled the tinker-toys in a quiet.• In the non-aggressive condition. gentle manner • In the aggressive condition the model began by assembling the tinker-toys.

• example of physical aggression was "raised the Bobo doll and pummeled it on the head with a mallet" • example of verbal aggression was "Pow!" and "Sock him in the nose“ • After ten minutes the experimenter entered and took the child to a new room .

the experimenter told the child that these were the experimenter's very best toys and she had decided to reserve them for the other children .Stage two • The child was subjected to 'mild aggression arousal‘ or provocation. • The child was taken to a room with relatively attractive toys. As soon as the child started to play with the toys.

Stage three • The child was taken to the next room • The child was told it could play with any of the toys in there • The experimenter stayed in the room – This is because a number of children would either refuse to stay alone. . or would leave before termination of the session • In this room there was a variety of both nonaggressive and aggressive toys.

• The aggressive toys included a mallet and peg board. crayons. . and a 3 foot Bobo doll. • The child was kept in this room for 20 minutes. dart guns. Observations were made at 5-second intervals. three bears and plastic farm animals.• The non-aggressive toys included a tea set.

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