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Hazard Communication Training:

Annual Refresher Course


for the Division of Math and Sciences
revised August 2007
Science Safety Committee:
www.austincc.edu/sci_safe
The Texas Hazard Communication Act
also know has “HAZCOM”

 is a law established to keep you informed about


chemicals and other hazards in the
workplace;
 says that you, as an employee, have the "right to
know" about chemicals that you may come in
contact with while performing your job.

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Definition of a hazardous chemical

a chemical is hazardous, or dangerous, if it can


cause any of these:
 injury to you
 damage to your workplace
 damage to the environment

here are some examples of what


hazardous chemicals can do to you

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Caustic
Burn
Chemical
Burn
ACC’s Responsibilities as an employer:

 to understand the HAZCOM standard


 to develop and implement a HAZCOM plan
http://www.austincc.edu/ehs/Hazcom.php

 to identify and list all workplace hazardous chemicals


 to maintain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
 to label all hazardous chemicals
 to train employees in the safe handling and storage of
hazardous chemicals

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Your Responsibilities as an ACC employee:

1. Ask your supervisor:


 which chemicals stored or used in your
workplace could cause damage or exposure
 how to detect over exposure to a chemical
(symptoms)
 what to do in the event of a spill

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Your Responsibilities as an ACC employee:

2. Complete annual HAZCOM training.


3. Know how to use MSDSs.
4. Know how to read chemical labels.
5. Know when and how to use personal protective
equipment (PPE) to protect yourself from
chemicals.

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As an ACC employee, you have the right to:
1. know the locations of hazardous chemicals
2. know the location of and how to access:
• the written ACC hazard communication program
• a printed copy of the workplace chemical list
• printed MSDSs
3. receive training:
• prior to your initial assignment
• when changes occur in your assignment (for
example, when you teach or prepare for a
different course)

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The ACC HAZCOM Program applies to:

1. all ACC employees including


hourly employees
work-study students
2. all ACC students

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The ACC HAZCOM Program:

 Details duties and responsibilities of


employees and students
 Requires reporting of chemical incidents
 Requires each area to maintain an inventory
of hazardous chemicals
 Describes labeling requirements for
containers of hazardous chemicals

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Duties and Responsibilities of ACC Science
Safety Coordinators:
1. Keep records of safety incidents and corrective
actions.
2. Provide to the office of Environmental Health,
Safety and Insurance Office by November 01
of each year:
a. a Work Area Chemical Inventory (WACI) for each
work area;
b. annual notice of training completion for all
employees.
3. Approve the purchase of any chemicals not
already on the WACI.
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Duties and Responsibilities of ACC Science
Safety Coordinators:

4. Retain safety records for at least 5 years.


5. Ensure that MSDSs are available for all
chemicals purchased.
6. Ensure that the requirements of the ACC
HAZCOM Program and area implementation
plan are fulfilled within their departments.
7. Ensure that all employees have received
appropriate training before working with or
working in an area containing hazardous
chemicals.

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Duties & Responsibilities of ACC
Employees and Students
1. Report ALL incidents (for example spills and
minor injuries) to the Science Safety
Coordinator using the appropriate form
(covered later in this program).
2. Immediately report serious chemical incidents
and incidents requiring outside medical
assistance to the Environmental Health,
Safety and Insurance Office by completing the
appropriate form:
http://accweb.austincc.edu/accforms/forms/HZCM003injuryrep.pdf

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HAZCOM Training is Required for:

all employees;

all students enrolled in laboratory courses


and courses involving field activities.

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HAZCOM Training is Required:
 prior to beginning work in an area that contains
hazardous chemicals;
 annually;
 whenever new hazards are introduced into the
workplace;
 when new or significant information is received
on the hazards of chemicals;
 when the potential for exposure increases.

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HAZCOM Training must include:
 how to find and interpret MSDSs;
 how to interpret hazard labels (type and level of
hazard);
 location of hazardous chemicals the employee or
student will handle;
 how to safely handle and store hazardous
chemicals;
 how to find, select, use and care for appropriate PPE;
 first aid treatment for chemicals the employee or
student will use;
 how to clean up spills.
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Using Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)

1. Where do we get MSDSs?

Chemical manufacturers or distributors who


supply hazardous chemicals to ACC must:
provide a MSDS with the initial shipment
provide a new MSDS with first shipment after
an MSDS is updated

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Using Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)

2. What is on a MSDS?
•Company Info •Reactivity Data
•Hazardous •Spill and Leak
Ingredients Procedures
•Physical Data •Special Protection
•Fire and Explosion Information
Data •Special
•Health Hazard Data Precautions

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Hazard Communications
Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS Information Sections
Section 1. Chemical product and Section 9. Physical and chemical
company identification properties
Section 2. Composition/ information Section 10. Stability and reactivity
on ingredients Section 11. Toxicological information
Section 3. Hazards identification, Section 12. Ecological information
including emergency overview Section 13. Disposal considerations
Section 4. First aid measures Section 14. Transport information
Section 5. Fire fighting measures Section 15. Regulatory information
Section 6. Accidental release Section 16. Other information
measures
Section 7. Handling and storage
Section 8. Exposure controls/
personal protection

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Work Area Chemical Inventory (WACI)

 Each work area will maintain an inventory list


(WACI) of all chemicals present in the work
area regardless of quantity
 WACIs will be updated by the designated person
annually and when new chemicals are added
 WACIs will be provided to the Science Safety
Coordinator annually and when updated

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The WACI contains this information:
 name and phone number of the person responsible
for the work area and the name and signature of the
person responsible for compiling the inventory
 area name
 location of the hazardous chemicals (building and
room)
 chemical name or the common name of the product
and its ingredients
 CAS numbers
 container types
 hazards associated with the chemical
 maximum quantity that would be on hand at any time
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Categories of Hazardous Chemicals

 physical hazards - produce dangerous


situations such as fires and explosions

 health hazards - harm your body from the


inside

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Types of physical hazards:

combustible liquids
compressed gases
explosives
flammables
organic peroxides

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Types of health hazards:

carcinogens
toxins
irritants
sensitizers
target organ effects

Health hazards can have either acute


(immediate) or chronic effects (occurring over
a period of time).

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Health hazards can enter your body
through these routes:

absorption through skin or mucous


membranes
ingestion by eating or drinking
inhaling / breathing in
puncture / injection

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Evaluating and Controlling the Risk of
Chemical Exposures

The chemicals we use have been tested (on


animals) to establish estimates of how much of
the chemical we can be exposed to OR how
long we can be exposed to it before it has
deleterious effects on us.

There are many terms used to describe these


limits: TLV, PEL, TWA, STEL, and ceiling limits

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Threshold limit value (TLV)

is the airborne concentration limit of a substance


under which nearly all workers may be
repeatedly exposed without adverse effect.

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Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
is the maximum amount or concentration of a
chemical that a worker can be exposed to.
PELs are measured in different ways:
1. Ceiling limits are amounts or concentrations of a
chemical that should never be exceeded even for
very brief periods of time.
2. A time weighted average (TWA) is the upper limit of
exposure for a normal 8-hour work day.
3. A short term exposure limit (STEL) is the
concentration of a chemical that a worker can be
exposed to for a short period of time without suffering
irritation, chronic or irreversible tissue damage.
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Guidelines for Labeling Hazardous
Chemicals
1. Primary container labels should contain:
• identity of chemicals
• physical and health hazards, including target organs
• manufacturer’s name and address
2. Secondary container labels must contain all of the
above except the manufacturer’s information.
3. Replace labels if they don’t meet standards or are
illegible.
4. NEVER have any unlabeled, unattended containers in
your work area.

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Container
Chemical
Label name

Hazard warnings

Manufacturer
HAZCOM Labeling and Marking Systems

NFPA Diamonds

HMIS Labels

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NFPA Diamonds

•color coded, numerical


rating system
•located near main
entrances, fire alarm
panels, on outside
entrance doors or
cabinets
•provide at-a-glance hazard
information

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Color Coding for NFPA Labels

Red = Flammability
Blue = Health/Toxicity
Yellow = reactivity/stability
White = special hazard
information (NFPA)

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Number Coding for NFPA Labels

4= Deadly Hazard
3= Severe Hazard
2= Moderate Hazard
1= Slight Hazard
0= No Hazard

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HMIS Labels
•designed to go on
individual containers of
products that don’t have
manufacturer’s labels
•same color code/numerical
rating system as the NFPA
diamonds with one
exception
•white = personal protective
equipment or special
protection information

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Storing Chemicals Safely

 all chemicals are


stored according to
hazard categories

 incompatible chemicals
are stored separately

This is an example of
improperly stored
chemicals!
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Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

The most important thing to


remember about PPE is that it only
protects you if you wear it!

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Instructors must:

 Wear the required PPE for the lab activity


 Ensure that students wear the required PPE
 Ensure that the PPE is worn by all students
during the entire lab activity

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PPE: Conditions Requiring Safety Eyewear

Eye protection must be worn when any of these is


present:
 chemicals
 physical hazards
 biohazards

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PPE: Types of Safety Eyewear

There are two categories of safety eyewear:


1) Safety glasses – must have permanently
attached side shields.
2) Goggles
Both types must meet the Z87 standard.

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PPE: Choosing Safety Eyewear

• Goggles provide the best all around protection.

• If it is necessary to wear contact lenses in the


lab, wear protective goggles rather than
safety glasses.

• Regular eyeglasses do not provide adequate


protection when working with chemical or
physical hazards

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PPE: Choosing Gloves

• any glove can be permeated by chemicals

• nitrile gloves are more resistant to most


chemicals than latex gloves

• special gloves must be worn when handling


materials that are hot, very cold, or sharp

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PPE: Using and Changing Gloves

 check gloves for cracks, tears and holes


before use
 to remove gloves:
1) grasp outside of one glove and pull it off
2) hold that glove with your gloved hand
3) insert your fingers under the cuff of the other
glove
4) turn that glove inside out over the first glove

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PPE: Other Protective Clothing

 Lab coat: primary purpose is to protect against splashes


and spills; they should be non-flammable and easily
removed.
 Rubber-coated apron: can be worn to protect against
chemical splashes and be worn over a lab coat for
additional protection.
 Shoes: must fully cover the feet and should always be
worn when chemicals are in use.
 Hard hat: must be worn when there is a hazard from
falling rock debris.

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First Aid

• Only minor injuries will be treated in the lab.


• Do not give or recommend oral medications to
students.
• Note use of supplies on form in first aid kit.

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Universal Precautions

are designed to prevent transmission of human


immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus
(HBV), and other blood borne pathogens
 Assume that all body fluids are infectious.
 Do not come into contact with anyone’s body fluids.
 For cleanup of body fluids (blood, vomit), contact the
campus administration office for assistance.

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Chemical Spill Procedure

ACC’s written chemical spill procedures can be


found at:

http://www.austincc.edu/ehs/pdf/Hazardous_Ma
terials_Spill_Procedure.pdf

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CHEMICAL SPILLS

NO UNKNOWN
CHEMICAL?
YES
SECTION I OF
SPILL PROCEDURE
HAZARD RATING
NO = /> 2 IN ANY YES
SECTION?

OVER 1 YES CONTACT


LITER ? SUPERVISOR

NO
NO
HAVE YOU
BEEN
TRAINED? NO
DO YOU SECTION 2 OF
YES YES SPILL
HAVE
RIGHT PROCEDURE
PPE?

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Follow the directions in Section One of the
Chemical Spill Procedure if ANY of
these conditions exists:

• the spill volume is over one liter (~quart)


• it contains chemicals that have a hazard rating
of 2 or above
• it contains any UNKNOWN chemical/material
• you are the only person present and you have
not been trained
• you do not have adequate PPE

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What you need to do for a Section 1 Spill:
 evacuate the immediate area
 close doors to area of spill
 restrict access to area of spill
 contact ACC Police at 222 or 223-7999 and
report this information:
1. identity and quantity of chemical spilled
2. exact location of spill
3. hazard ratings for chemicals spilled (from container label
or MSDS; either HMIS or NFPA is OK)
4. any injuries or exposure to employees or students
Campus Police will contact EHS to make a clean up
assessment.
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Follow the directions in Section Two of the
Chemical Spill Procedure if ALL of
these conditions exists:

• the spill volume is less than one liter (~quart)


• it contains chemicals that have a hazard rating
below 2 in all hazard categories
• you have been trained in spill clean up
procedures
• you have adequate PPE

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What you need to do for a Section 2 Spill:
 restrict access to area of spill
 immediately notify your supervisor and others in area of
the spill
 mark the area to prevent others from coming in contact
with the spill
 obtain the MSDSs and refer to the spill clean up
instructions
 report the spill to EHS (M-F 8am to 5 pm) or Campus
Police (any other time)
1. identity and quantity of chemical spilled
2. exact location of spill
Campus Police will contact EHS.
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Reporting Incidents
All lab incidents need to be reported so that if a
problem in equipment or procedures exists, it
can be fixed to prevent further problems.
Incidents are categorized as
• non-injury
• injury (to an employee or student)
 minor - treated by using materials from the first aid kit)
 major – eye injuries, head injuries or anything
requiring treatment by EMS or a physician

Follow these procedures to report incidents


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In ju ry occu rs on
A C C cam p u s

M a jor M in o r

C a ll S tu d e n t S u p e r v is o r 's
A C C C am pus In su ran ce R e p o rt to
P o lic e C la im / H I P P A S c ie n c e S a fe ty
D is p a tch (2 2 2 ) F orm s C o o r d in a to r

N o tify y o u r S u p e r v is o r 's
S c ie n c e R e p o rt to
S a fe ty S c ie n c e S a fe ty
C o o r d in a to r C o o r d in a to r

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N o n -I n ju r y I n c id e n t R e p o r tin g F o r m
c o m p le te d a n d g iv e n to
L a b A s s is t a n t

S p ill N o S p ill

C h e m ic a l B io h a z a rd S a fe ty N o S a fe ty
R e la te d C on cern

F o llo w A C C I n d iv id u a l L a b A sst. sen d s L a b A s s t. r e s o lv e s


S p ill P la n c le a n s u p t h e ir sen d s cop y of p r o b le m o r
in S c ie n c e o w n flu id s fo r m to S a fe ty co n ta cts L ab
S a fety M a n u al O R C o o r d in a to r C o o r d in a to r

C a ll C a m p u s L a b A s s t. r e s o lv es
A d m in . O ffic e p r o b le m o r
fo r c le a n -u p co n ta cts L a b
b y c u s to d ia n C o o r d in a to r

S en d copy of
fin a l fo r m
to S a fe ty
C o o r d in a to r

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ACC Safety Web Sites:
Science Safety: www.austincc.edu/sci_safe

Environmental Health, Safety and Insurance: http://


www.austincc.edu/ehs/

Environmental Health and Safety Task Force: http://


www.austincc.edu/ehs/EHSTF/EHSTF_index.html

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