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Types of Poetry

NARRATIVE POETRY
Narrative poems include ballads and epics, and tell of societies and heroic deeds. They can also be very dramatic when telling of a particular situation.

EXAMPLES:
1. Edgar Allan Poe - The Raven 2. Geoffrey Chaucer "The Canterbury Tales

3. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow"Hiawatha"

Following is an excerpt from The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe:


Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.'' Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door Only this, and nothing more.'

Hiawatha First he danced a solemn measure, Very slow in step and gesture, In and out among the pine-trees, Through the shadows and the sunshine, Treading softly like a panther. Then more swiftly and still swifter, Whirling, spinning round in circles, Leaping o'er the guests assembled, Eddying round and round the wigwam, Till the leaves went whirling with him, Till the dust and wind together Swept in eddies round about him.

LYRIC POETRY
The word lyric comes from the Latin lyricus" meaning of or for the lyre. Some of the best examples of lyric poetry come from Italian and English sonnets. In lyric poetry, the mood is musical and emotional. The writer of a lyric poem uses words that express his state of mind, his perceptions, or his feelings.

EXAMPLES:
Sonnets are the best examples of lyric poetry 1. James DeFord - "Italian Sonnet written in 1997:

2. William Shakespeare "Sonnet No. 18

3. Emily Dickinson - I Felt a Funeral in my Brain.


It describes a person who is going insane, or thinks they are.

"Italian Sonnet by James DeFord, written in 1997:

Turn back the heart you've turned away Give back your kissing breath Leave not my love as you have left The broken hearts of yesterday But wait, be still, don't lose this way Affection now, for what you guess May be something more, could be less Accept my love, live for today.

Shakepeares Sonnet No. 18

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed, And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed.

DRAMATIC POETRY
Dramatic poetry is written in verse and is meant to be spoken. Its main purpose is to tell a story or describe an event in an interesting and descriptive way.

EXAMPLES:
1. Rudyard Kiplings The Law of the Jungle

2.

Robert Brownings
"The Laboratory"

Wash daily from nose-tip to tail-tip; drink deeply, but never too deep; And remember the night is for hunting, and forget not the day is for sleep. The Jackal may follow the Tiger, but, Cub, when thy whiskers are grown, Remember the Wolf is a Hunter -- go forth and get food of thine own. Keep peace with the Lords of the Jungle -- the Tiger, the Panther, and Bear. And trouble not Hathi the Silent, and mock not the Boar in his lair. When Pack meets with Pack in the Jungle, and neither will go from the trail, Lie down till the leaders have spoken -- it may be fair words shall prevail.

"The Laboratory" by Robert Browning is another example of a dramatic poem:

NOW that I, tying thy glass mask tightly, May gaze thro' these faint smokes curling whitely, As thou pliest thy trade in this devil'ssmithy-Which is the poison to poison her, prithee?

POETIC DEVICES
The English language contains a wide range of words from which to choose for almost every thought, and there are also numerous plans or methods of arrangement of these words, called poetic devices, which can assist the writer in developing cogent expressions pleasing to his readers.

Includes the following:

1. The SOUNDS of words 2. The MEANING of words


3. Arranging the words 4. The IMAGES of words

CHORAL READING
Choral reading is the art of multiple voices speaking poetry or other lyrical writings in unison. It can performed for parents as part of a school presentation, or it can be explored within the classroom for the sheer beauty and delight of it.

Choral reading is quite rewarding and relatively easy to organize. Children seem to love the challenge of speaking aloud together, and it piques the interest of many students to read additional poetry or to write poetry of their own. It also teaches spoken language skills, such as diction, pronunciation, volume, rate, and pitch.

Hot Cross Buns 1st half of class: Hot-cross buns! 2nd half of class: Hot cross buns! Single voice: One a penny, Two voices: Two a penny, All: Hot-cross buns. Girls (using slightly higher pitch): If you have no daughters, Boys (using slightly lower pitch): Give them to your sons. 1st half of class: One a penny, 2nd half of class: Two a penny, All: Hot-cross buns!

The Train By Laura E. Richards Medium: Low: Medium: Low: High: All: What does the train say? Jiggle joggles, jiggle joggle! What does the train say? Jiggle joggle jee! Will the little baby go , Riding with the locomo? Loky moky poky stoky Smoky choky chee!

High: Ting! Ting! The bells ring. Low: Jiggle joggles, jiggle joggle! High: Ting! Ting! The bells ring. Low: Jiggle joggle jee! Medium: Ring for joy because we go Riding with the locomo, All: Loky moky poky stoky Smoky choky chee!