五. What 从句

 what 作关系代词,是先行词和关系代词的结

合体,可以称之为“缩合关系词”。它的一般 含义可理解为: the things that 、 all that 。所 以, what 前面不能再有先行词出现,因为 what 本身含有一个名词的意思。它包括一个关 系代词及其“先行词 " 。所以,如果句中已有 先行词,就一定不能再用 what 引导定语从句。 如:我们不能说 You can have everything what you like 。

 具体用法有以下两点:  what 作关系代词,可表示物,也可表示人。  She is not what she used to be. (she is not

the girl that she used to be)  Show me what you have written.(show me the things that you have written.)  He is not what he was a few years ago. (what 指人, the man that)  注意: what 前均没有先行词。

 2 。 what 作关系形容词。此时结构是“ what+

名词”,意思是“所有… ., 尽可能多的… .”.  a)I will give you what I can .我会尽可能地帮 你。  b)What money I have has been given to you . (All the money that I have ... )  c)Lend me what reference books you have on the subject .相当于: Lend me all the reference books that you have on the subject .

 此外,还有一些固定结构: what few ...

或 what little ...,相当: the few that .. .和 the little that ...。  What little he knows about the new teacher is that he is from Canada.

 Exercise  As for the winter , it is inconvenient to be

cold , with most of_____ furnace fuel is allowed saved for the dawn .  A)what B)that  C)which D)such  (到了冬天,由于所分配的锅炉燃料中的大部 分需要节省下来留到黎明时再用,因此(夜里 )冷得难受。)

 3 .注意比较下列句子:  a)What caused the accident is a complete mystery .

(名词性疑问从句 )what 含有疑问意味“什么”,此 处 what 不可改为 all that 或 things that.  b)What caused the accident was a broken bottle. (名词性关系分句)  c)What were left behind were five empty bottles . ( 名词性关系分句 )  b) 、 c) 句中的 what 没有疑问意味,此处 what 可改为 all that 或 things that ,是“缩合关系词 " 。

 以下这句可有两种理解方式:  They asked me what I knew.  They asked me, “What do you know?”  They asked me things that I knew.  4. 与 what 这两种用法类似的其他词:

when,why,who,where 等。

 a) Who wins the prize may get the ten—

speed bicycle. 这里的 who 如同关系词 what 一样,是先行词和关系词的结合体,是“缩合 关系词 " ,相当于: He who wins ... )  b)Who wins the prize is still unclear 。(这里 的 who 不同于上句中的 who, 此句中的 who 含有疑问意味“谁”,是疑问词 )

 c)1 will give this dictionary to who wants to

have it.(who=anyone who… 是“缩合关系 词 ")  d)Portland , Maine is where the poet Henry Wadsworth spent his early years . (where=the place where ,是“缩合 关系词 ")  e)I don't know where he has gone . ( 此处 where 是疑问词 )

 f)I'11 never forget when we first met . ( 此处

when=the day 是“缩合关系词 ")  g)Please let me know when he will be back . ( 此处 when 是疑问词,意思是“什么时候 ")  h)Please let me know when he comes back . ( 是从属连词,意思是“当……时候” ,引导时间状语从句。 )