Global Donor Platform for Rural Development

INSTAPA Improved Nutrition through STAPle foods in Africa
Inge D Brouwer Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University

Novel staple food-based strategies to improve
micronutrient status for better health in Africa

Grain yield Mean Fe/Zn content of Variety Fe (ppm) Zn (ppm) (g/m2) sorghum varieties Gamo* 39.8 19.3 195 Fada* 39.7 18.4 197 Mona* 38.9 20.7 227  18.9 Hybrids cover the entire range from low to high Fe/Zn Yougo* 37.4 194 contents Lata 37.1 19.1 173  20.7 Hybrids did not significantly exceed “Tieble” (local Tieble 37.0 167 variety) Mara* 36.8 17.6 for Fe/Zn contents 200  Fe/Zn content still far from desirable levels Massa* 34.7 17.7 214 Tokotigui 32.6  20.3 Conventional153 selection & breeding cannot fill the gab Sawaba 31.3 149  18.4 varieties with low Fe/Zn and high yield be Should released and 149 disseminated? Tanko 31.2 18.9 Yebele 31.1 20.1 136 Yamba 31.1 17.9 155 Wanti 30.5 18.1 159 Sewa* 29.5 16.5 218 Sigui kumbe* 27.6 14.2 201
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 Improvement of traditional dishes increased  Zn, Fe and vitamin A content  Bioavailability of Fe and Zn  No difference between in quantity consumed by children  Need for proof of principle

22-26 June 2009

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Cassava
• • • • Edible root crop Extremely drought resistant Carbohydrates, calcium Staple food for 70 mln people

• • • •

Yellow varieties from Amazon Introduction in Africa by IITA, Nigeria Crop cycle: 10-12 mo 11 varieties selected (7 – 12 ppm β-carotene)
Inge D. Brouwer

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Acceptability: sensory and cultural
Discrimination test

• Difference in taste • Preference for yellow cassava • Reasons:

Preference test

attractive colour • sweet taste • soft texture

• Cultural acceptability:

100% intention to consume • Health knowledge and worries on colour, taste, texture and bitterness
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Proof of principle: efficacy trial
18 weeks (112 days)

Schoolchildren with Vitamin A deficiency

Cassava consumed (gram)

367

Yellow cassava + placebo

β-carotene in cassava (µg/100 gr) β-carotene intake (µg/day)

394 202 (45-73% EAR)

White cassava + placebo

Cassava consumed (gram) β-carotene intake (µg/day)

364

5 (1-2% EAR)

White cassava + beta-carotene supplement

Cassava consumed (gram) β-carotene in supplement (µg) β-carotene intake (µg/day)

361

200 205 (46-75% EAR)

Euronews documentary on INstapa
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Acknowledgements
• ICRISAT, Mali:

• UNK, Kenya:

Eva Weltzien, Marjolein Smit, Vera Lugutuah Bussie Maizya, Norbert Maroya Joseph Kamau, Erick Boy, Howarth Bouis

Alice Mwangi, Gloria Mbera Romain Dossa (†), Evariste Mitchikpe

• IITA, Nigeria:

• UAC, Benin:

• KARI, Kenya:

• WU, Netherlands:

Elise Talsma, Alida Melse, Hans Verhoef, Lucy Elburg

• IFPRI/HarvestPlus:

The project was realized in the framework of INSTAPA Project, funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme [FP7/2007-2013] under grant agreement nr 211484

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