HEAT EXCHANGERS

INTRODUCTION
Devices used to transfer heat between two or more fluid streams at different temperatures.
To transfer thermal energy (enthalpy) between
two or more fluids, between a solid surface and a fluid,

or between solid particulates and a fluid,

at different temperatures No external heat and work interactions
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Electronics cooling. concentrate. distill. Used in  Power generation.  Automotive application etc. pasteurize. Page  3 . crystallize.INTRODUCTION To recover or reject heat. Chemical processing. or sterilize.  Air-conditioning. or control a process fluid. Refrigeration. fractionate.

» Construction. » and flow arrangements.TYPES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS Based on » Basic operation. » Heat transfer. Page  4 .

RECUPERATORS AND REGENERATORS The fluids are separated by a heat transfer surface Ideally they do not mix or leak Page  5 .

Page  6 .RECUPERATORS AND REGENERATORS The Regeneration which is preferable for large capacities The time between the reversals is an important aspect. Heating and ventilation systems and recovery of heat from dryer exhaust air.

RECUPERATORS AND REGENERATORS Page  7 .

 Extended Surfaces.CLASSIFICATION 2. Tubes. Page  8 .According to Construction. Plates.

 Fouling is a severe problem on at least one fluid side.CLASSIFICATION Tubular Heat Exchangers For liquid-to-liquid and liquid-to-phase change For gas-to-liquid and gas-to-gas heat transfer applications. Page  9 .  Operating temperature and/ or pressure is very high.

and Spiral tube exchangers.CLASSIFICATION Tubular Heat Exchangers Shell-and tube. Page  10 . Double-pipe.

Shell-and tube Heat Exchangers Bundle of round tubes mounted in a cylindrical shell with the tube axis parallel to that of the shell. Three most common types » Fixed tube sheet design. » U-tube design. » Floating-head type Page  11 .

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Baffle Plate  A plate in which the tubes pass through for support  Provides a blocked path for the shell side medium –better the Heat Exchanger performance 2. Baffle Spacing  Space in-between the baffle plates on a tube bundle 3. Bolt Circle  Circular dimension line on which bolt holes are drilled Page  13 .PARTS DESCRIPTIONS  1.

and outlet Page  14 .Bonnet Assembly    Directs the tube side medium for distribution through the tubes.PARTS DESCRIPTIONS 4. Does not have a removable cover. Contain the tube side inlet connections and/or pass ribs.

PARTS DESCRIPTIONS BONNET (Integral cover) Page  15 BONNET (Integral cover) .

Tie Rods Page  16 . 7.PARTS DESCRIPTIONS 5. tube sheets. and tie rods. spacers.Bundle Assembly  Consist of tubes. 6. baffles. Ties the baffles and spacers together.Spacers   Holds the baffle plate in a permanent position.

PARTS DESCRIPTIONS Page  17 .

PARTS DESCRIPTIONS Page  18 .

Surface Condenser Direct Contact Condenser Tubular Air-Cooled Plate Type Pool Spray Tray Page  19 .CONDENSERS Two phase flow heat exchanger in which heat is rejected to a coolant.

Usually outside the tubes for easy access to the exhaust steam Normally Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers. Page  20 .TUBULAR : Condensation takes place either inside or outside the tubes.CONDENSERS 1.

Suitable where there is a shortage of water Requires large ground area Page  21 .CONDENSERS 2. AIR COOLED: Condensation takes place inside the tubes.

400°C) iii. Plate.CONDENSERS 3. Pressure drop is hence high velocity Page  22 high .and Frame (Below 25 bar. Plate Fin Used in low temperature plants. PLATE TYPE: i. Spiral Plate (Below 20 bar. 250°C) ii.

Page  23 .SPRAY & TRAY CONDENSERS: Liquid is sprayed into the vapor Separator to remove any contaminants Condensation front back to vapor inlet move Formation of large vapor bubbles. POOL CONDENSERS: Vapor is injected into the pool of liquid. 2.DIRECT CONTACT CONDENSERS 1.

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