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QUALITY AND CONDITIONS OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN BAAO, CAMARINES SUR

RAY ROMULO PENOLIO

ACCOMPLISHMENT REPORT FOR FINAL DEFENSE Description Present supporting document/ proof for the statement most school buildings are dilapidated Delete the line to offset the backlog on page 1 Mention the delimitation of the study Enlarge the t in the map on page 8 Interview/ask the dilapidated buildings from the engineers of DPWH Remarks Done p. 1 Done Done p. 7 Done p. 9 Done. Included as one of the groups to assess the condition of the buildings. Chapter IV Done p. 38, p. 40 Done, P.38

Define egress, thermal conceptually/operationally; cite sources and year of publication Change memorandums to memoranda on page 29

Modify problem no, 1. It should be engineers perceptions. Faculty and parents perceptions. Shall be used to substantiate the analyses. Tables must be presented first followed by the discussion /analyses Review of related literature must mention the Building Standards Change the first line of the 3rd paragraph to is in conformity to the study/ findings of

Done p. 3

Done Chapter 4 Done p. 27 Done

Pictures must have captions

Done, appendix h

Theoretical Framework
Cash Theoretical Model on Building Condition (1993) contends building condition potentially affects student achievement and student behavior directly and indirectly. Social Exchange Theory of Blau, (1964) in order for the different stakeholders participate in making sure that the school buildings were built in accordance to mandated rules and regulation, they should perceive that in doing so, they can satisfy their own interest such safety for own school children.

Maslows Hierarchy of Needs (1954)


Safety, as one of the hierarchy of needs, is the feeling people get when they know no harm will befall them, physically, mentally, or emotionally; security is the feeling people get when their fears and anxieties are low. If a person feels that he or she is in harm's way, higher needs will not receive much attention.

PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN BAAO, CAM. SUR

Figure 2

Theoretical framework showing the different theories that describe the necessity for the school buildings to be safe.

INPUT
1. Conditions of School Buildings Location Environmental Factors Building Features 2. Extent of Compliance to Standards Structural Soundness Plumbing and Sanitation Electrical Accessibility and Use by the Handicapped 3. Significant relationship in the perceptions made by the faculty and parents Conditions of public high schools

PROCESS

OUTPUT

-Preparation of Survey Questionnaire -Validation and Reliability test of Research Instrument -Administration of the Instrument -Analysis -Interpretation

Proposed Measures for the Enhancement of the Building Condition of the High School Buildings

FEEDBACK

Figure 3 Conceptual Paradigm of the Study

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLODY Research Design The present study was quantitative research which employed the descriptive correlational method. Respondents of the Study The faculty respondents were 48 which was composed of administrators, and teachers; parents, 50 who were mainly the PTA officers of the covered schools; and licensed engineers and fire safety inspectors were composed of 22 respondents with a total of 120 respondents. Procedure of Data Gathering Permission to Conduct the Research, Formulation of the Questionnaire, Validation of the Instrument, Distribution of Questionnaire, Tabulation of the researcher Data, and Analysis and interpretation Data Gathering Tools The instrument that was used by the researcher was a closed- type survey questionnaire.

Statement of the Problem


What are the conditions of the public high school buildings in the Municipality of Baao in terms of: a. Location b. Environmental Factors c. Building Features What is the extent of compliance of the buildings to the standards with regard to: a.Structural Soundness b. Plumbing and Sanitation c. Electrical d. Accessibility and Use by the Handicapped Is there a significant relationship in the perception of the respondents on the conditions of the public high schools?

Assumption/ Hypothesis

Instrument

Statistical Treatment of Data

The conditions of the public high schools as assessed by its faculty, administrators and parents can be measured in terms of location, environmental factors and building features The extent of compliance of the buildings in public high schools differs along structural soundness, plumbing and sanitation, electrical, and accessibility and use by the handicapped.

Part A of the Survey Weighted Mean Questionnaire

Part B of the Survey Weighted Mean Questionnaire

There is no significant relationship in the perceptions made by the two groups of respondents on the various conditions of public high schools.

N/A

Kendall Coefficient of Concordance W

QUALITY AND CONDITION OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN BAAO, CAMARINES SUR

Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in the Municipality of Baao


Table 1 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Location along Access and Egress, Travel Distance
Faculty Access and Egress 1. Building is located at reasonable distance from the street 2. Site is easily accessible and conveniently located 3. Loading/Unloading areas for students are available 4. Pedestrian lane is provided Average 1.85 3.12 F S 4 1 1.86 2.92 F S 4 2 2.14 F 2.82 S 4 1.95 F 3 2.95 S 4 3.08 S 3 2.98 S 3 3.05 S 2 3.04 S 3 3.69 VS 2 3.40 VS 2 3.05 S 2 3.38 VS 2 WM I R Parents WM I R Engineers WM I Overall I R 1

R WM

3.85 VS 1

3.46 VS 1

3.05 S

2 3.45 VS

Table 2 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Location along Appearance, Freedom from Noise and Odor
Appearance, Freedom from noise and odors 1. Building is located in a peaceful community 2. Exterior noise and surrounding environment do not disrupt learning 3. Entrances and walkways are sheltered from sun and rain 4. Site is large enough to meet present and future educational needs Average 3.04 S 1 2.79 S 2 2.42 F 3 2.75 S 3.31 VS 3 2.76 S 3 1.82 F 4 2.63 S 2 1.77 F 4 2.08 F 4 2.64 S 2 2.16 F 4 3.48 VS 2 3.34 VS 1 3.05 S 1 3.29 VS 3 Faculty WM I R 1 Parents WM 2.98 I S Engineers R WM I R 3 Overall WM I R 1

3.60 VS

2 2.18 F

2.92 S

Table 3 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Location along Surrounding Development vs Deterioration of the General Environment

Surrounding Development vs Deterioration of the General Environment 1. No swamps and irrigation ditches around 2. Not shut in from the main highway by private property Average

Faculty WM I R

Parents WM I R

Engineers WM I R

Overall WM I R

2.67

2.64

2.50

2.60

2.46

2.38

1.55

2.13

2.56

2.51

2.03

2.37

Table 4 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Location along Located in Areas Already Assessed in terms of Man-Made and Natural Hazards

Located in Areas Already Assessed in terms of Man-Made and Natural Hazards 1. Location is free from undesirable business industry, traffic and natural hazards 2. Site has stable, welldrained soil free of erosion. Average

Faculty WM 3.65 I VS R 1

Parents WM 3.38 I VS R 1

Engineers WM 2.82 I S

Overall R WM I R 1

1 3.28 VS

3.48

3.14

2.77

2 3.13 S

3.56

3.26

2.80

3 3.21 S

Table 5 Summary Table on the Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Location
Location
Faculty WM 1. Access and Egress 2. Appearance Freedom from Noise and Odors 3. Surrounding Development versus deterioration of the general environment. 4. Located in Areas Already Assessed in terms of Man-Made and Natural Hazards Average 3.07 S 1 2.87 S 2 2.52 S 3 2.82 S 3.56 S 1 3.26 S 1 2.80 S 2 3.21 S 4 2.56 S 4 2.51 S 4 2.03 F 4 2.37 F 3 3.12 3.04 I S S R 2 3 Parents WM 2.92 2.79 I S S R 2 3 Engineers WM 2.82 2.42 I S F R 1 3 Overall WM 2.95 2.75 I S S R 1 2

Table 6 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Environmental Factors along Thermal
Thermal Faculty WM I R 2.83 S 6 Parents WM I R 2.94 S 3.5 Engineers WM I R 2.73 S 1 Overall WM I 2.83 S R 4

1. Building is narrow so that breeze can blow through rooms easily from one side of the building to the other. 2. Providing adequate fenestration (design and placement of windows in a building) to allow the maximum amount of wind to blow through the building 3. natural ventilation is preferred 4. backup solutions for natural ventilation is provided such as electric fans. 1. provides adequate quiet circulation of clean air 2. the majority of rooms have windows Average

3.52

VS

3.04

2.36

3.5

2.97

2.94 3.17

S S

5 4

2.68 2.88

S S

6 5

2.36 2.14

F F

3.5 6

2.66 2.73

S S

6 5

3.54

VS

2.94

3.5

2.27

2.92

3.44 3.24

VS S

3 1

3.02 2.92

S S

2 2

2.95 2.47

S F

2 3

3.14 2.88

S S

Table 7 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Environmental Factors along Acoustic
Acoustic
Faculty Parents Engineers Overall

WM 1. Wall is of concrete or masonry materials 2. Partition in classrooms is up to the ceiling 3. Plywood partition is double-walled Average
2.77 1.23

R WM
1

R WM
1 2.59

I
S

R WM
1 2.43

I
F

R
2

3.71 VS

2.59 S

3.38 VS

2.45 F 2.5 2.45

F 2.5 2.78

2.45 F 2.5 2.45

F 2.5 2.06

2.50 F 2.5 2.50

F 2.5 2.42

Table 8 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Environmental Factors along Visual
Visual
Faculty Parents Engineers Overall

WM 1. Lighting provides proper intensity and distribution of illumination for effective task visibility 2. Classroom windows are wide, low-silled, and hightopped to insure maximum daylight illumination 3. Rooms have proper combination and intensity of colors to provide proper brightness. 4. natural day lighting is preferred 5. has artificial back-up (fluorescents, etc.) for cloudy days Average
2.96

I
S

R WM
5 2.58

I
S

R
5

WM
2.36

I
VS

R WM
4 2.63

I
S

R
5

3.54

VS

3.08

2.59

2 3.07

3.25

2.82

2.64

1 2.90

3.44 3.05

VS S

2 4

2.92 2.72

S S

2 4

2.36 2.36

F F

4 2.91 4 2.71

S S

2 4

3.25

2.82

2.46

3 2.84

Table 9 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Environmental Factors along Aesthetic
Aesthetic
Faculty Parents Engineers Overall

WM 1. Overall design is aesthetically pleasing and appropriate for the age of students 2. Site of the building is well landscaped 3. Building materials provide attractive color and texture 4. Furnishings and dcor provides an impetus to learning Average
2.96 3.08 3.19 2.31 3.27

I
VS

R WM
1 2.78

I
S

R WM
1 2.45

I
F

R WM
1 2.83

I
S

R
1

2.40

2.36

2 2.36

2.56

1.86

3 2.54

2.42

1.45

4 2.32

2.54

2.03

3 2.51

Table 10 Summary Table on the Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Environmental Factors

Parameters WM 1. Thermal 2. Acoustic 3. Visual 4. Aesthetic Average


3.24 2.77 3.25 2.96 3.06

Faculty

Parents

Engineers

Overall

I
S S S S S

R
2 4 1 3 1

WM
2.92 2.50 2.82 2.54 2.70

I
S F S S S

R
1 4 2 3 2 2.47 2.50 2.46 2.03 2.37 F F F F F 2 1 3 4 3

WM
2.88 2.42 2.84 2.51 2.66

I
S F S S

R 1 4 2 3

Table 11 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features along Roofs
Roofs
Faculty Parents Engineers Overall

WM 1. roof is properly tied to roof trusses and supporting walls 2. there are no visible indications of roof leaks in the facility 3. roofs appear sound, have positive drainage, and are weather-tight Average

R WM
1 3.10

I
S

R WM
1 2.45

I
F

R
1

WM
3.09

I
S

R
1

3.71 VS

2.67

2.34

1.82

2.5 2.28

3.23

2.58

1.82

2.5 2.54

3.20

2.67

2 2.03

2.63

Table 12 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features along Framing, Floors and Foundations
Framing, Floors and Foundations
Faculty Parents Engineers Overall

WM

R
3.5

WM
2.90

R WM

I
F

R
1

WM
2.86

I
S

R
1

1. The floor plan of the 3.19 S building helps direct student movement and minimizes student disruptions 2. Flooring, including ramps 3.21 S and stairways, is maintained in a nonslip condition 3. the foundation is fully 3.19 S covered with soil and full supported by the soil 4. all beams are free from 3.38 VS damage (cracking, splitting or spalling) 5. the walls are made from 2.85 S strong materials Average 3.16 S

S 1.5 2.50

2.72

2.27

2.73

3.5

2.86

2.45

2.83

2.90

S 1.5 2.18

2.82

5 1

2.30

1.45

P F

5 3

2.20 2.69

F S

2.74 S

2 2.17

Table 13 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features along Exteriors, Walls, Finishes, Windows, Doors
Exteriors, Walls, Finishes, Windows, Doors 1. the windows are opened outwards 2. the windows and door frames are anchored to the column or wall 3. proper maintenance (exterior) of the school facility is a priority and vandalism and/or graffiti are repaired/removed quickly 4. exterior wall, windows or trim are in excellent condition 5. entrances and exits are located so as to permit efficient student traffic flow 6. there are two exit doors in each classroom 7. corridor is wide and unobstructed 8. windows have security grills 9. walls are smooth finished to prevent injury to highly active, playful and mobile students Average Faculty WM I R 2.02 2.77 F S 9 7 Parents WM I R 1.84 2.40 F 9 Engineers WM I R 1.45 P P 7 6 Overall WM I R 1.77 2.28 F F 9 6

F 5.5 1.68

3.42 VS

1.5

2.82

2.18

2.81

3.42 VS 3.35 VS

1.5 3

3.04 2.98

S S

1 2

2.68 2.45

3.05

S S

1 2

S 2.5 2.93

3.06 3.25 2.19 3.08

S S F S

6 4 8 5

2.30 2.16 2.40 2.60

F F

7 8

1.36 1.00

P P F F

8 9

2.24 2.14

F F F S

7 8 5 4

F 5.5 2.45 S 4 2.41

2.5 2.35 4 2.70

2.95

2.50

1.96

2.47

Table 14 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features along Interior, Finishes, Trims

Interior, Finishes, Trims

Faculty

Parents

Engineers

Overall

WM 1. Color schemes, building materials, and dcor provide an impetus to learning 2. Interior walls, including classroom spaces are painted Average
3.21 3.19 3.23

I
S

R WM I R
1 2.58 S 2

WM
2.09

I
F

R WM
2 2.63

I
S

R
2

2 2.66 S 1

2.18

2.68

1 2.62 S 2

2.14

2.66

Table 15 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features along Plumbing
Plumbing Faculty WM I R 2.56 S 2.63 S 2.71 S 4 3 1 Parents WM I R 2.04 F 1.82 F 1 4 Engineers WM I R 1.68 1.36 1.50 P P P 1 4 2 Overall WM I R 2.09 1.94 2.06 F F F 1 4 2

1. The pipes are free from corrosion 2. Restrooms are usable and functional 3. Building water supply is sufficient and available for normal usage 4. Has potable water supply, plumbing installation and suitable waste water treatment or disposal system Average

1.98 F 2.5

2.69 S

1.98 F 2.5

1.45

2.04

2.65 S

1.96 F

1.50

2.04

Table 16 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features along Electrical Power
Electrical Power Faculty WM I R 3.08 S 1 Parents WM I R 2.62 S 1 Engineers WM I R 2.32 F 1 Overall WM I R 2.67 S 1

1. Sufficient and well located electrical outlets available in instructional areas of the building 2. Adequate light sources are well maintained and properly placed 3. Electrical controls are safely protected with disconnect switches easily accessible Average

3.02

2.24

1.50

2.25

3.06

2.28

1.36

2.23

3.05

2.38

1.73

2.39

Table 17 Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features along Provision for Disabled
Provision for Disabled Faculty Parents Engineers Overall WM I R WM I R WM I R WM I R 1.44 1.63 P P 3 1.46 P 2 1.46 P 2.5 1.41 P 2.5 1.32 P 2 1.44 3 3 1.47 2 P P

1. Ramp is provided 2. Accessible washroom and toilet is provided for the disabled 3. Handrails is installed at both sides of ramp and stairs Average

2.15 1.74

F P

1 1.74 P 1 1.55 P

1 1.73 P 2 1.49 P

1 1.87 1 3 1.59

Table 18 Summary Table on the Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Building Features

Parameters

Faculty

Parents

Engineers

Overall

WM 1. Roofs 2. Framing, Floors and Foundations 3. Exteriors, Walls, Finishes, Windows, Doors 4. Interior, Finishes, Trims 5. Plumbing 6. Electrical Power 7. Provision for Disabled Average

R WM I
2 2.67 S 3 2.74 S 5 2.50 F

R
2 1 4

WM
2.03 2.17 1.96

I
F F F

R WM
3 1 4 2.63 2.69 2.47

I
S S F

R
3 1 4

3.20 S 3.16 S 2.95 S

3.21 2.65 3.05 1.74 2.85

S S S P S

1 6 4 7 1

2.62 1.96 2.38 1.55 2.35

S F F P F

3 6 5 7 2

2.14 1.50 1.73 1.49 1.86

F P P P F

2 6 5 7 3

2.66 2.04 2.39 1.59 2.35

S F F P F

2 6 5 7

Table 19 Summary Table on the Conditions of the Public High School Buildings in Baao, Camarines Sur
Parameters Faculty Parents WM I R WM I R
3.07 3.06 2.85 2.99 S S S S 1 2 3 1 2.87 2.70 2.35 2.64 S S F S 1 2 3 2

Engineers Total WM I R WM I R
2.52 2.37 1.86 2.25 S F F F 1 2.82 S 2 2.66 S 3 2.35 F 3 2.61 S 1 2 3

1. Location 2. Environmental Factors 3. Building Features Average

Table 20 Extent of Compliance of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Structural Soundness Parameters WM Earthquake Proof 2.45 1. Located far from identified faultlines 2.41 1. Structural members do not have cracks or leaning of walls. 2.32 1. 1. 1. Exterior canopies and walkways are not prone to collapse Building setbacks are adequate to prevent battering from adjacent buildings Non-structural components are properly braced and tied to structure 2.45 2.41 2.55 2.55 2.24 2.55 2.41 2.27 2.36 1.59 2.45 2.50 2.50 2.45 2.50 2.32 2.38

I HC HC C
HC HC HC HC C HC HC C HC PC HC HC HC HC HC C HC

R 1.5 4.5 6
3 4.5 1.5 1.5 3 1 2 4 3 5 1.5 2 2 4 2 5

1. Masonry are reinforced Flood Proof 1. Building is away from flood plains 1. Building in flood-prone area is elevated above expected flood levels to reduce the chances of flooding and limit potential damage 1. Building is watertight or dry-flood proofing to prevent water entry 1. to keep water away from building 1. Building has storm water drainage Typhoon Proof 1. Roof trusses and gables are braced 1. Building foundations rest on stable grounds to provide adequate resistance against overturning 1. Design of school building considered the topography of the site 1. Non-structural elements are properly and adequately anchored/connected to the structural members to avoid uplift or toppling during strong winds 1. Roofs and walls shed rainwater to keep the interior space dry such as using roof drainage Overall Weighted Mean

Table 21 Extent of Compliance of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Plumbing and Sanitation
Parameters Sanitation Adequacy 1. the pipes are free from corrosion 2. there are wide drainage canal, covered and provision of manhole for safety and sanitation purposes 3. Septic tank is at least 2 meters away from the building it serves 4. Septic tank is 25 meters away from any source of water supply to avoid contamination 5. Number and size of restrooms meet requirements 6. Drainage system are properly maintained 7. Building water supply is sufficient and available for normal usage 8. Has standard water system and regular inspection is conducted and maintenance is important and necessary 9. Has potable water supply, plumbing installation and suitable waste water treatment or disposal system 10. Provision of one (1) toilet seat for every 25 students at one time Housekeeping Quality 1. Custodial daily routines are maintained in keeping facility clean and attractive 2. Ceiling and walls throughout the building service areas are easily cleaned and resistant to stain 3. Floor surfaces throughout the building require minimum care. Overall Weighted Mean WM 1.80 1.59 1.59 I C PC PC R 1 7 7

2.00 2.41
1.91 1.59 2.23 1.59 1.59 1.50 1.80 1.77 1.59 1.64 1.80

C HC
C PC C PC PC PC C C PC PC C

3 1
4 7 2 7 7 10 2 1 3 2

Table 22 Extent of Compliance of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Electrical
Fire Safety 1. wirings and fixtures have protective covering 1. affordable fire alarm system is installed WM 2.27 1.45 I C PC R 4.5 10

1. has environment friendly fire extinguisher 1. no defective electrical wiring and fixtures
1. adequate fire safety equipment is properly located 1. fire-resistant materials are used throughout the structure 1. automatic and manual emergency alarm system with a distinctive sound and flashing light is provided 1. materials are classified to their fire-retardant or flame-spread ratings as determined by general accepted testing methods 1. smoke and fire protective signaling system are installed 1. fire resistive floor or rock ceiling are used 1. used of fire-retardant roof coverings 1. has reserved water in water tank to be used in case of fire Overall Weighted Mean

1.50 2.27
2.55 1.41 1.59 1.95 2.50 2.41 1.91 1.41 1.94

PC C
HC PC PC C HC HC C PC C

9 4.5
1 11.5 8 6 2 3 7 11.5

Table 23 Extent of Compliance of the Public High School Buildings in terms of Accessibility and Use by Handicapped

Parameters 1. ramp is provided

WM 1.64

I PC

R 2.5

2. finding a persons way inside and outside of a building or open space is easy for everyone
3. walkways are kept as level as possible and provided with slipresistant material 4. handrails is installed at both sides of ramp and stairs 5. accessible washroom and toilet is provided for the disabled Overall Weighted Mean

2.00
1.64 1.45 1.32 1.61

C
PC PC PC PC

1
2.5 4 5

Table 24 Summary Table on the Extent of Compliance of the Public High School Buildings

Parameters

WM

Structural Soundness
Plumbing and Sanitation Electrical Accessibility and Use by Handicaps Overall Weighted Mean

2.38
1.73 1.94 1.61 1.92

HC
C C PC C

1
3 2 4

Table 25. Summary table for the significant relationship in the perceptions made by the two groups of respondents on the various conditions of public high schools
INDICATORS A. Location 1. Access and Egress, Travel Distance 2. Appearance, Freedom from Noise and Odors 3. Surrounding Development vs. Deterioration of the General Environment 4. Located Areas Already Assessed in terms of Manmade and Natural Hazards A. Environmental Factors 1. Thermal 2. Acoustic 3. Visual 4. Aesthetic A. Building Features 1. Roofs 1. Framing, Floors, Foundations 1. Exteriors Walls, Finishes, Windows and Doors 1. Interior Finishes, and Trims 1. Plumbing 1. Electrical Power 1. Provision for the Disabled
Note. *Significant at p< 0.05 level

df 3 3 1 1

Computed rs Value 1.0* 0.8 1.0* 1.0*

Tabular rs Value 0.878 0.878 0.997 0.997

5 2 4 3 2 4 8 1 3 2 2

0.53 0.875 1.0* 1.0* 1.0* 0.575 0.75* -1 -0.25 1.0* 0.875

0.754 0.95 0.811 0.878 0.95 0.811 0.632 0.997 0.878 0.95 0.95

FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS What are the conditions of the public high school buildings in the Municipality of Baao as assessed by the faculty, parents and licensed engineers in terms of a) location; b) environmental factors; and c) building features? Findings It was found that the conditions of the public high school buildings in the Municipality of Baao as assessed by the faculty along location had a weighted mean of 3.07; environmental factors, 3.06; and building features, 2.85 with an overall assessment of 2.99, all interpreted as satisfied. On the other hand, the parent-respondents perceived that location had a weighted mean of 2.87; environmental factors, 2.70, both interpreted as satisfied; and building feature, 2.35, interpreted as fair, with an overall weighted of 2.64 interpreted as satisfactory. The engineer-respondents assessed that location had a weighted mean of 2.52, satisfied; environmental factors, 2.37; building features, 1.86, both interpreted as fair.

Conclusion From the data provided, it is therefore concluded that the faculty and parentrespondents both perceived that the situations of the public school buildings were good enough when it comes to the natural setting of the building and the identifiable physical elements, of the buildings. On the other hand, the assessments of the different groups vary when it comes to the overall structural appearance of the building. The faculty and parent recognize that the overall structural appearance of the public school buildings is in desirable condition while the engineer-respondents believe that it is moderately acceptable.

Recommendations Based from the conclusion, it is therefore recommended that funds must be provided for school construction and repair. School heads must be educated on the procedure on documentary requirements and procedures to be able to avail allotted funds. The educational agency and its entities should likewise critically review and synthesize the educational facilities and its impact on the educational achievement of the students regardless of their physical condition. PTA should also be empowered and be vigilant regarding the current condition of the public high school buildings.

What is the extent of compliance of the buildings to the standards as perceived by the licensed engineers with regard to: a) structural soundness; b) plumbing and sanitation; c) electrical; and d) accessibility and use by the handicapped? Findings It was found that the extent of compliance of the buildings to the standards as perceived by the licensed engineers had weighted means on structural soundness, 2.38, highly complied; plumbing and sanitation, 1.73; electrical, 1.94, both interpreted as complied; accessibility and use by handicaps, 1.61, poorly complied; and an overall weighted mean of 1.92, complied.

Conclusion It is therefore concluded that the degree of conformity of the public school buildings on the standards and established guidelines was fulfilled especially when it comes to the structural integrity of the buildings in which the elements designed and built are in accordance with the anticipated loads and usage. However, the right of access of the students with disabilities was inadequately conformed.

Recommendations Based from the conclusion, the present study therefore recommends that existing laws on the guidelines and specification on the standards of public school buildings should be continuously and strictly be observed. Regular and thorough inspections of schools with proper follow up and accountability is necessary. Additionally, educational agencies as well as architects, engineers can serve as the stakeholders in which they can take action to alleviate the problems and therefore provide appropriate infrastructure for the educational needs of the municipality.

Is there a significant relationship in the perceptions made by the two groups of respondents on the various conditions of public high schools? Findings It was found that among the parameters tested on the conditions of the public high school buildings, the perceptions of the three groups had significant relationship along Location in terms of Surrounding Development vs. Deterioration of the General Environment (df = 2, W = 1.0); and Located Areas Already Assessed in terms of manmade and natural hazards (df = 2, W = 1.0). Significant Relationships were likewise found along Environmental Factors in terms of visual (df = 8, W = 0.711) and along Building Features in terms of Exterior Walls, Finishes, Windows and Doors (df = 16, W = 0.76). Conclusion Based from the findings, the researcher therefore concludes that there is a significant relationship in the perceptions made by the faculty, parent and engineerrespondents along Location in terms of Surrounding Development vs. Deterioration of the General Environment; and Located Areas in terms of manmade and natural hazards; along Environmental Factors in terms of visual; and along Building Features in terms of Exterior Walls, Finishes, Windows and Doors; and Electrical Power.

Recommendations The researcher recommends that the safety of the location of the public school buildings should be explained to the parents. They should be given assurance that the natural settings of the public school buildings are in the standards according to the Department of Education. It is likewise recommended that there should be formulation and periodic evaluation of a Comprehensive Physical Facilities Development Plan that may be used by the Department of Education.

THANK YOU!