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& Cubes
Estimating square roots of positive numbers
Posing and solving problems involving square
and square roots
Stating a number multiplied by itself twice as a
number to the power of three and vice versa
Determining the cubes of numbers without
using a calculator
Determining cubes of numbers using a
calculator
Leonardo da Vinci
A square painting. Area = 64 cm²
The length of each side is?
Estimating Square Roots
A square painting. Area = 65 cm²
Dimension of the painting is?
Estimating Square Roots
65 64
Therefore, 65 8.
~
~
65 is between 64 and 81.
Therefore, 65 is between 64 and 81,
that is, between 8 and 9.
65
Estimate 168
168 169
168 13
~
~
168 is between 144 and 169.
Therefore, 168 is between 144 and 169,
that is, between 12 and 13.
Posing and Solving Problems
Square P
16 m²
Square R
64 m²
Square Q
36 m²
1. Length of side of square P?
2. Perimeter of square Q?
3. Dimension of square R?
4. Difference between perimeter of P an Q?
5. Sum of area of square Q and R?
Solving Problems
The left hand side is a square picture while the
right hand side is a rectangular picture with area
32 cm² and length 8 cm. Find the total area of the
square picture.
Solving Problems
The square picture above is framed in a square frame.
The dimension of the frame is 10 cm x 10 cm. Find
the area of the picture.
The dimension of the cube above is 1 cm x 1 cm x 1 cm.
The volume is 1 x 1 x 1 = 1 cm³
Hence, 1 = 1 x 1 x 1 = 1³
Cubes of
Numbers
Rubik’s Cubes
3
3
3
2 2 2 2 8
3 3 3 3 27
4 4 4 4 64
× × = =
× × = =
× × = =
3
4 4 4 4 64 × × = =
Four to the power of three
Four cubed
The cube of four
Square and Cube
To square a number, we multiply the number
by itself.
For example, to square 3, 3 x 3 = 3² = 9
Now, how do you to cube a number?
We multiply the number by itself TWICE.
How do you cube 5?
5 x 5 x 5 = 5³ = 125
How do you cube 6?
Evaluate the following:
3
3
3
3
1. 10
2. (2)
2
3. 1
3
4. 0.3
 
÷

\ .
2
2
Let be any number.
Previously,
2
a
a a a
a a
= ×
= ×
3
3
3
a a a a
a a
= × ×
= ×
Jigsaw Puzzle Game
3 clues:
Persian Mathematician
“Prince of Algebra”
Can be found in SGGS
AlKhwarizmi (780 – 850)
is a mathematician of Arab
origin. He used squares and
square roots to solve
problems involving algebra.
AlKhwarizmi
Summary
Estimate square root
Solve problem involving square and
square root
Cubes of numbers
Evaluate cubes of numbers manually
and using calculators
3
a
Homework
Page 32: Skill Practice L: (c), (d)
Page 34: Skill Practice N: 2
Page 35: Exercise 2.2: 6 (g), (h), 9
Page 37: Skill Practice P: (c), (e)
Page 39: Exercise 2.3:
3 (a), (b), (e)
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