K.

Soundarajan SRM University

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Airports are amazing "mini-cities," providing services to all sorts of people and companies. Air travelers, airlines, private pilots and freight carriers all use airports in completely different ways. To meet passengers' needs, an airport must be accessible by roadways and public transportation, plus have plenty of parking have areas for ticketing, check-in and baggage handling keep the passengers safe offer food and other services maintain areas for the customs service

Airports have other customers to take care of, too.

Airlines need space for airplane, facilities for routine maintenance, jet fuel and places for

passengers and flight crews while on the ground.  Air-freight companies need space for loading and unloading cargo airplanes.  Pilots and other crew members need runways, aircraft fuel, air-traffic information, facilities for aircraft storage and maintenance and places to relax while on the ground.

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Architect Operator

:Foster and Partners : Civil Aviation Administration of China.


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Location
Total Area Terminal area Elevation Coordinates Aerobridges Gates Runway Car Parking

: chaoyang district, Beijing
: 4,700 Hectares : T3 - 986,000 m² : 35M(AMSL) : 40°04′48″N 116°35′04″E : 66 : 120 : 3 (3800m in length) : 7000


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Handling capacity : 75 million passengers

The Terminal 3 building of Beijing International airport was designed by Foster + Partners, turned out to be a very efficient building in terms of in terms of operational efficiency, passenger comfort, sustainability and access to natural light.

As an interpretation of traditional chinese culture the roof of the airport has a dragon-like form. According to Norman Foster this is a building borne of its context. It communicates a uniquely Chinese sense of place and will be a true gateway to the nation. This is expressed in its dragon-like form and the drama of the soaring roof that is a blaze of ‘traditional’ Chinese colours – imperial reds merge into golden yellows. As you proceed along the central axis, view of the red columns stretching ahead into the far distance evokes images of a Chinese temple.

The Beijing Capitol International Airport is one of the largest and busiest travel hubs in Asia. The Beijing Airport lies 28 kilometers, northeast of the city of Beijing & it is connected to the city via following:

Car
The airport is accessible by four express

tollways. Two of these run directly from northeastern Beijing to the airport. The other two connect to the airport from nearby highways.

Airport Express Rail
Beijing Capital International Airport is served by the Airport express rail of the Beijing subway.. A one-way trip takes approximately 16–20 minutes.

The entrance to the terminal reaches out into the surrounding landscape, as if to invite passengers arriving via the road and rail links into the building. The entrance canopy is a key architectural statement of Foster’s design with a width of35M and a length of 800M.

The building is comprised of three connected, light-filled volumes – T3A, B and C – the simple, symmetrical diagram fans out at either end to accommodate the arrivals and departure halls for T3A and T3B . The satellite T3C occupies the centre of the diagram. This arrangement is an efficient means of maximizing the perimeter, so increasing the capacity for aircraft stands, while maintaining a highly compact and sustainable footprint

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The entrance to the building is designed with feng sui principles which is inviting and gives a sense of Although Terminal 3 is conceived on an unprecedented scale, the building’s design aims to resolve the

calmness.

complexities of modern air travel, combining spatial clarity with high service standards. It is friendly and uplifting for the passenger as well as easy to navigate. It comprises of three connected volumes – T3A, B and C. T3A contains the processing facilities , arrivals and departure halls for domestic gates T3B accommodates arrivals and departure halls for international gates. The satellite T3C accommodates arrivals and departure halls for domestic gates. The building is almost 1km at its widest point and 3 km on the length The terminal has 120 gates with 66 jetways and remote parking bays.

The single unifying roof canopy is perforated with skylights to aid orientation and bring daylight deep into the building. The colour palette moves through 16 tones from red at the entrance at T3A through to orange and finally yellow at the far end of T3B. This establishes a subtle zoning system that breaks down the scale of the building and enables easy way finding. This palette is also applied north to south in the ceiling above the arrivals and departures halls, heightening the sense of curvature in the roof plane.

Interiors  The interior design was shaped by human and cultural factors.  The space is mainly lit through the skylights in the roof.

 It has 72 food stores and landscaped waiting areas. It features about 45,200m² commercial space, 10,600m² duty-free-store area, 12,600m² of retail and 7,000m² service areas.
 The terminal has 11 check-in stations with 314 check-in counters. Automated people movers / shuttles  The terminal has 243 automated people movers, escalators and elevators.  A shuttle train connects the terminals 3A, 3C and the airport centre which travels at up to 80kph, with a journey time of just two minutes.  The APM is easily accessed from the main departure level and set within a landscaped ‘green’ cutting, exposed to daylight and views up and through the building, all of which helps to maintain a sense of orientation.

The building has two levels below and five levels above the ground.

 The lower most level is mostly used for baggage handling system which need extra 5M than the conventional baggage system  Departures and arrivals are on separate levels.

 The traditional airport diagram has been inverted at T3B, with arrivals on the upper level, to allow visitors to experience the thrill of this dramatic space from the best vantage point.

Sustainability
 Terminal 3 building incorporates several sustainable features and is one of the most eco-friendly buildings in the world.  The roof of the building is fitted with energy-efficient lights.

 They are designed to capture thermal energy to warm the building in winter and decrease energy consumption for cooling during the summer.  An integrated environmental control system, water systems, south-east orientated skylights and other passive systems will reduce the overall environmental impact, energy consumption and carbon emissions.

Baggage System
  A sophisticated baggage hand long conveyor system is installed by Jervis B. Webb Company. It is designed to handle nearly 19,200 pieces of luggage per hour.

 The luggage system is equipped with yellow carts, each of which has a code, matching the bar code on every piece of luggage loaded on it, allowing easy and accurate tracking.
 After luggage is checked in at any one of the 292 counters at Terminal 3A, they can be transferred at the speed of ten metres per second.  Even for international routes, luggage can travel from T3A to T3C in five minutes.

 Arriving passengers should be able to begin retrieving their luggage within 4.5 minutes after airplanes are unloaded.  Along with X-ray scanners, additional equipment conducts checks such as for explosives.

 Passengers will be able to check in their luggage at the airport several hours or even a day before their flight.  The airport will store them in its luggage system and then load them on the correct airplane.

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