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CAB 1052

IMPORTANCE OF ENGINEERING GRAPHICS


LECTURE 01

CAB 1052

Why learn EG?


Engineering graphics provide means to

expression of thoughts and concepts


involving geometrical shapes and design

between the designers (engineers) and


fabricators (vendors).

CAB 1052

What are EG?


Engineering graphics are important for:

Visual communication between

Draftsmen and engineers / other professionals Designers / architects and manufacturers / contractors End-users and sales/support services

Transmission of coding technique


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Relevancy of EG
Every engineer should be able to: Describe ideas and present them to other professionals through engineering graphics Read and understand graphics prepared by others

CAB 1052

Three Methods of Communication


THREE (3) methods of communicating the graphics language:

Free hand sketches Manual drafting with hand-held instruments Computer-aided drafting/design (CAD)

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Manual Drafting Tools


For manual drafting and/or freehand sketches, the following may be required: Board / table

Media (paper: plain, graph) Utensils


Pencils / pens Eraser T-squares and triangles (set squares) Compass and dividers Protractor French curve
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CAB 1052

CAD Software
Among the popular CAD software used in technical drawings/draftings are:

AutoCAD (2D, 3D, solid modeling) Mechanical Desktop (3D, solid modeling)

Inventor (advanced solid modeling)


MS Visio (2D with built-in blocks/libraries)

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EG Outputs
The outputs are in the forms of:

Documentation (step-by-step procedure)


Technical drawings

the shape, size, location and other features

of the object(s)

Surface finish, color, assembly or fabrication methods Standards and conventions (layout / template)
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Two component of graphics


Showing the shape of an object and other information requires TWO (2) fundamental components of graphics:

Lines

represents edges, contour and/or surfaces of objects represents symbols, sizes and notes

Lettering

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Scale
Scales are graduated measuring
instruments

Drawing scales refer to ratio between size


of drawing to actual size of object

scale ratio 1:50 means actual object is 50 times larger than drawing object
scale ratio 2:1 means actual object is half the size of the drawing object

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CAB 1052

Scale (Reaction Vessel Example)


Scale 1:100

Model

Actual
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CAB 1052

Units
TWO (2) major unit conventions commonly used in drawing are:

Engineering Millimeters (mm) Inches (in.) Architectural


Feet ( ' ) and inches ( " )

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CAB 1052

Units
Some examples to differentiate the units:

Millimeters
Inches Architectural
Note:

2 2 2"

2.1 2.10 2 1/2"

0.021 .021 2'-2 1/2"

A zero is required to the left (but not to the right) of decimal point for mm. For inches, vice versa.
Symbols are not required for mm and in.
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CAB 1052

Dimensions
Dimensions are used to indicate the length, radius (diameter) and angle of an object. Some common terminologies as used in standard drawing conventions and practices are:
Linear dimensions horizontal and vertical lines Angular dimension angles Diameter places a diameter dimension on circles Radius places a radius dimension on circles and arcs Ordinate also called datum dimensions that measure a perpendicular distance from an origin. The origin can be specified by the user Aligned dimensions which lines neither horizontal or vertical
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CAB 1052

Dimensions

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