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KURDISTANA MJY

WELAT PEMNAN

ANCIENT KURDISTAN THE FIRST FARMERS LAND

BUROYA KURD BRUKSELS, 3-2-2013

KURDISTANA MJY - WELAT PEMNAN


(Ancient Kurdistan The First Farmers Land)

BERNAME
Programme 1- orea andin (Agrar Revolution) - 45 min 2 - NAVBER - 20 min 3 - orea Kedkirin (Revolution of Domestication) 55 min

Hem Bernemeya me li ser v mijar ye:

MJYA ANDIN & AND


KEDKIRINA LAWIRAN & NEWAR YEKEMN AVAHIYN MAL, GUND & BAJARAN

- Bingeha aristaniy

The History of Agriculture & Culture Domestication of Animals & The Site of The First Houses, Villages and Cities - The Ground of Civilization

Bi gotineke din:

DROKA PVENA MIROVAHIY Ji ikeftan ta mal, gund bajaran..

Mirovn ji rojgariya kevin a drok, ber ku ji xwe re mal gund ava bikin, li nav ikeftan dijiyan.

PIKEK JI XWEZAY
A Part of The Nature

Brewer flozofn ji v bi hezaran sal ber, tgehtibn, ku em mirov, pikek ji xwezay ne. Van breweran, her wisan, xwed hin baweriyn cihreng, n li ser sazmaniya (System) xwezay j bn.

Droka Pvena Mirovahiy


Historical Development of Mankind

Li sedsala 18emn, brewer zanyar bi nav deng; Charles Darwn, derxist p, ku xweza, xwed mekanzmayek e w nav v sazmaniy: Hilbijartina Surut (Natural Selection) dan. Charles Darwn, bi v baweriya xwe ya zanist, jder avkan, hm binyada sazmaniya xwezay vegot. roj di encama lkolnan de, bi destvehanna foslan lkolnn li ser fosln ji xwezaya ji rojgariyn kevn may, di encama lkolnn bi azneya zaniyariya genetk, (wek nimne: DNA), wneyeke gelek tam tkuz, a Droka Pvena Mirovahiy, ji me re derdixe hol.

Droka Pvena Mirovahiy


Historical Development of Mankind

Gelo wneya droka mirov hevdem kjan e?


Ji bo bersivdana v pirs; gelo mirov dikare geteke zeman ya ber bi demn pa ve bike? Anku ji roj vegere here nav zemann ber? Gelo mirov w bikaribe here ew serdema rogariya kevin a drok, ku hing wan hebnn (Creature), ku roj, j re dibjin mirov, 6 milyon sal ber, li reepereya Afrkay, hna nuh rabbn ser piyn xwe hna nuh xwe hn rvena pitrast, a li ser her du piyn xwe kiribn? Anku, gelo em bikaribin bi v riy, bi riya zanist (Science) bizanibin, ku ew klm jngeha (Environment) me, li Droka Pvena Mirovahiy, i rol lstine?

Gelo i em kirin mirov?

Gava, em li ser van pirsan dikevin nav hizir ramann kr, hing pirsn din j, li ber me peyda dibin. Her wek pirsa: Gelo i em kirin mirov? Gava me bersiva v pirs da, hing em dikarin bi gebniyeke fireh, li peroja xwe j bimeyiznin.

EM HD-HD BER XWE BIDIN VAN PKETINAN KU MIROV KIRIN MIROV:

EV PEKETIN OREA ANDIN YE KU YEKMN PKETINA MIROVAHIY YE

orea andin (Agrar Revolution) orea Kedkirin (Revolution of Domestication) - Ev her du ore j li Kurdistana mjy qewimne.

Li Gor Destkeftn Arkeologk: KURDISTANA MJY

newar Yekemn Pketinn Hem Chan Ye

EM HINEK JI NZK VE LI V HERMA GRNG A MJY BINERIN:

TIXBN HVIKA TZAYIN KU J RE HVIKA ZRN J DIBJIN - WELAT KURDISTAN BI XWE YE

Ji Cografya Kurdistan re tt gotin: Hvika Tzayn (bereket) (The Fertile Crescent, Hlal El-Xesb, Bereketli Hilal) ku genim cara yek, 9000 sal ber li v herm hatiye andin (D19). lawir (heywan) cara yek li vir hatine kedkirin.
SCIENCE, 14 November 1997

CEHDASK (Genim Bej/Tritticum Dicocciodes ), li xwezay, ten li newarek di navbera 600 ta 1300 meter ji pileya behr bilindtir, n tt. Jinn li ser xaka Kurdistana drok, itln cehdask (Tritticum Dicocciodes) ji n ve diinin. Hing mazintirn orea li mirovahiy, orea andin (Agrar Revolution), li droka mirovahiy, li ser v xak, bi v reng, tt hol. Bi gotineke din, aristan li v velat, diz.
SCIENCE, 14 November 1997

JI BER KU EV HERM JI BO NHATINA ITL GIYA HERMEK HER KRHAT SDBER E, LEMA J RE DIBJIN HVIKA TZAYIN (berket).

niyn mjy, yn li v herma Kurdistana mjy, cara yek genim (tritticum dicocciodes) ajotine.
Lkoler zaniyar, van saln dawn, her bi v away, newar ku genim yekemn car l hatiye andin, bi ewlet destnan kirine. Ji ber ku li sala 1997, grbek zaniyar ji Almanyay, ji e reepereyn andbar n dunyay, nimneyn genim hanne li ser wan, lkolnn DNA'y kirine. Encama van lkolnan nan daye, ku koka hem genimn chan; ji det zozann bilind n iyay Qerec a li Diyarbekr ye.

SCIENCE, 14 November 1997

Profsor swd y navdar Johan Hultin j dibje: Derga Temam aristaniy Zozann iyay Qerec e
http://www.saradistribution.com/johan_hultin.htm

MIROVN SERDEMA KEVR YN PIT OREA ANDIN XWEBEXT BN LI NAV XR BR DIJIYAN

i car, erxa mj, wek li serdema tgehtina, peydakirin Tderxistina (kef, discovery) Hunera andina Genm, z ne geriyaye jiyana mirovn w serdem, qet ew end pir z, ber bi baiy ve ne ye. Gava mirov, ji xwe re, riya andina genm, riya peydakirin- bi baran, bidestvehanna zad nas kiribn, hing, gav bi gav, ber bi jiyaneke rk pk, din. Ji nav temamiya niyn li ser ruy erd, xelk li Mezopotamiya Bakur, (xelk Kurdistana mjy, dm), pir xwebext bn, ji ber ku erdngariya v herm, ji ciyn din cuda, xwed taybetmendiyek bi xr br tzay b. Ji lew re, li vir, gelek creyn giya itln zad hebn. Ji newarn din cihtir, li ser v erd, du cre genim n dihatin. Her wisa j, baqil, nsk ber itln hwd, hebn.

Di ser v de j, lawir sewal, li vir xwe dihatin kedkirin. Ji ber v derfet, xelk vir, ji xwe re, yekemn newar mal gundan, mezr (iftlik) klgeyan ava kirin. Lkoler arkeologn navdar, ji mj ve ye, ku v nevar navbir, bi nav 'Hvika Tzayin bi nav kirine. Li gor van zaniyaran; bingeha aristaniya chan j, ev newar bi xwe ye. Lkoler alman, Manfred Heun, ew bawer heye, ku hunera andina genm, cara yek, li iyay Qerec r daye ev huner, z bi z j, ji wir, belav tevay newarn derdora xwe bye.

e sal pit diyarkirina v encam, grbeke lkoler arkeologn ji sral j, encama xebat lkolnn xwe diyar kir. Encama v xebata grba sral j, pita teoriya Manfred Heun rast kir. Simcha Lev, Yadn hempekarn w, dibjin, ku ev end destkeftn arkeologk nan me didin, ku ev teor rast e. Li nzk iyay Qerec, li Diyarbekr, gelek newarn mjy yn nitecihiy hene, ku ev newar 10 000 sal kevn in: Ber em (ayn), Newala or. (V dema dawn j: Gir Xirabrek/Navok, ku hna nuh (2002) hat dtin, ku ji van ciyan j kevintir e). Nzktirn bajar li iyay Qerec, nav w Diyarbekr e, ku ev bajar mjy, her wisan j, navenda tkona kurdan a li dij dewleta tirk e.

Gava profsor bi nav deng, Manfred Heun xwast, ku here iyay Qerec, dewleta tirk ne hit, ku ew here wir. Manfred pir ber v yek ket. W pir dixwast ku here wir. Rojek, patalogek bi nav Johan Hultin, ku hem jiyana xwe, li Amerkay jiyaye, pwend bi Manfred Heun re kir. Johan Hultin lkolerek wrek nebez e. Ew xwe gihand ser w xak. Lbel, ji bo v zaniyar jhat y navdar 82 sal, y amerk, hatina ser v xak, wisan ne hsan b.

Li gor profsor Johan Hultin; ji v newar genim, her wisan j, ziman ndo-Ewrp, y ku roj li Ewrpay tt axiftin, ji dewrbern v iyay belav bye gehitiye Ewrpay. endeyek kurt, ber er Iraq b. Tirk ji bo w digotin, ew ajan CIA'y ye ew ne diberdan hundur. Her dawn, ew berdan hundir. Lbel, her dem, di bin avdriya pols tirk de diliviya.

Johan Hultn, dest bi lkolnn xwe yn li ser kevintirn newar andina genm kir. Pa w xwast, ku end sed hektar ji v zewiy, ji gundiyn kurdan bikire bike mal Muzexaneya aristaniyn Anatolyay li Anqer. Johan Hultin dibj: Ev der girngtirn welat chan ye. Gerek e ev erd girng ba were parastin. Milk hem aristaniy ye. L bel, roj gundiyn kurd, ku pez dewarn xwe, li ser v erd dirnin, bguman hez na kin, ku muzexaneyek ji Anqer, bibe xwediy zeviy wan.

GELO KJAN MAZIN E?


FRBNA HUNERA VXISTINA GIR? YAN J FRBNA HUNERA ANDIN?

KJAN? Ev pirseke kr e.

BGUMAN OREA ANDIN

MAZINTIRN OREA LI DROKA MIROVAHIY YE

Ji ber ku..

Heger frbna hunera vxistina gir, mirovahiy gavek mazin ber bi p ve biribe,
Frbna Hunera andin j, mirovahiy bi dehan gav pdetir biriye.

.. ev ore, bi,
ji n ve ajotina genim bej, ku j re dibjin cehdask, (tritticum dicocciodes) li Kurdistana mjy qewimiye.

Li ser mazinbn girngiya v ore, lkolner amerk Harry G. Nickles weha dibje:
"Ji bakur bajar Bexday, axa Kurdistan dest p dike. Ew welat xwed gir (til), ku armedor bi hehnay xwed klmek xwe e, li nav hermn Iraq, ran Tirkiy dikeve. Li wir, ne i bajarn grng n njen ne j, bermayn drok, yn wisan berav, hene. Jiyana gundiyn v welat, hema bi sedan sal e, ku piek j ne hatiye guhertin. L bel, ji hla mjy ve, Kurdistan xwed taybetiyetek, bi ser xwe ye.

Harry G. Nickles

Tit ku v herm, ji ciy din cuda dike, di mjya aristaniy de byera xwurak - byera andina itlan kedkirina lawir sewalan e. Li gor hem materiyal spartekn arkeologk yn li ber dest, ev gav mezin, cara pn li ser ruy erd, li v welat hatiye avtin. Cara yekemn, bi v pketina li Kurdistan, mirov xwe hn andin kedkirin kirine her bi v away, bi weyeke herdem, bidestxistina xwarin, ji xwe re ewle kirine bne xwedxurakn herdem. Bi v byer re, bingeha hem aristaniy hat lkirin riya avabna mal, gund, bajar, netewe, ahnah, hunera nivsn, wje, qann zaniyariy veb."

Mal

Gund

Bajar

ahnah Netewe

Hunera nivsn

OREA ANDIN: dayika van hem pketinan e

Wje

Qann

Zanist/zanyar

Ev hem pketin, pit orea andin dest p kirine

GELO YEKEMN GUNDIYN SERZEMN

Li Kurdistan bne?

YEKEMN MEZRN KEDKIRINA LAWIRAN & NEWAR YEKEMN AVAHIYN MAL, GUND & BAJARAN
- Belge & Spartekn li dest me. (1-Fosl 2-Jeolog erdnas 3-DNA)

The earliest farmers and the earliest village-farming-community in Ancient Kurdistan Stratigraphic (Fosil-Geological) evidences & DNA.

Pemn gundiyn li Ewrpay, dibe ku ikl wan wisa bne. Ev wne irovekirinek huner ye, ku li ser zanyar iroveyn li ser destkeftn arkeologk, hatiye xzkirin.

Gelo gundiyn ewrp, gundiyn kevin n ji Kurdistan bne? Wek nimne; yekemn gundiyn Swd li dor 6 000 sal ber, hatine li Swda royn bi cih bne. Nrvann ku ber li wir jiyane, ji cihn xwe hatine rakirin. Bawer tt kirin, ku swdiyn royn, ne neviyn nrvanan, l neviyn van gundiyan in.

Komeke lkoler ya navnetew, encama xebata xwe ya derbarey Yekemn Gundiyn Ewrpay (ku j re dibjin: Zaruyn Helenay) akere kir. Zanyariyn wan, ew zanyar ne, ku her p, li encama lkolnn li goristann ji serdema kevr (neoltk) yn li Almanyay, her wisa j, ji zanyariyn DNAy, ku ji ewrpiyn zind, hatine komkirin. Yek ji lkoleran; Wolfgang Haak hevxebatkarn w, her wisa gelek sd ji arvn mazin n DNAya ewrpiyn royn (zind) j wergirtiye. Encam nan me didin, ku koka yekemn gundiyn Ewrpay, ji Anatolya rohilat ye. Li v erdngariy, mirov ji deh hezar salan vir ve ye, ku erd ajotine lawir ked kirine.
http://www.saradistribution.com/civilisationensgrogrund.htm

Encamn van lkolnn DNAy, nan me didin, ku piraniya yekemn gundiyn ewrp, ji det newaln Kurdistan hatine. Devera kesk, newar nzktirn xizmat-mermaltiy ye. Reng narnc j, newrarn her dr a xizmatiy ye.

Kurdistana Mjy Welat Pemnan - Derga aristaniy

Bi bernameyeke taybet a DNAy, ya NationalGeographic, mirov dikare reh koka xwe malbata xwe, bi hezaran sal ber, derxe ser kaxez bizanibe, bav kaln mirov, ji ku der hatine li kjan rex chan geriyane. Ev xizmet li dor 150 tt kirin: Geno 2,0.

Geno 2.0 - Genographic Project Participation and DNA Ancestry Kit

http://shop.nationalgeographic.com/ngs/browse/productDetail.jsp?productId=2001246&code=NGHPFO94239#ReviewHeader

DER SPIEGEL:
Derbarey Lgerna Li Pey buhuta serzemn nivs.

Der Spiegel 23/3- 6-2006

Pit ku Perestgeha Her kevin a Chan li Gir Xirabrek/Navok (Ruha) hat dtin: Der Spiegel nivs ku: "Kurdistan buhuta li ser ruy erd ye."

Der Spiegel 23/3.6.06

PERESTGEHA HER KEVN A CHAN

11 000 sal kevn!

PERESTGEHA HER MAZIN A CHAN

BUHUTA KU LI NCL TT NIMANDIN

Lkolnn arkeologk yn li seriya gund Xirabrek, li ser Gir Navok, li deta Heran, li bakur Kurdistan, bi serokatiya arkeolog alman; Dr Klaus Schmidt tt kirin. Dr Klaus Schmidt, li govara Der Spiegel dibje ku ew buhuta ku li ncl tt nimandin, dibe ku ev wargeha li Xerabrek/Gir Navok, ya li nzk Rhay be.

GIR XIRABREK/Navok (Gbekli Tepe)

YAN J: Yekemn newar Avabna Mal Gund & Bajaran, WARGEHEKE NUH A LKOLNN MJY YE

Kurdistan - buhuta serzemn


Ev xebata lkoln, ya ku govara alman mijara w li ser berg xwe weandiye 11 rpel j berfireh vedaye, xwe dispre, pirtka nivsevan nglz David Rohl', y bi nav 'Legend' - anku Efsane. Li wir tt gotin, ku li gor lkolnn arkeologk yn li v newar bi nav Gir Xirabrek/Navok, gava Adem Hewa ji bihut hatine derxistin, li wir jiyane. Di govar de tt bahskirin, ku di encama van lkolnan de, xuya bye, ku yekemn car, hunera andin, li vir r daye. Her wisan j, kevintirn perestgeha (tempel/ma'bed) li cihan, li v newar ye. Der Spiegel da zann, encama lkolnan, spartekn grng nan me didin, ku li v herm, 'serdemek zrn a serdema kevr (berd)", r daye. Arkeolog Klaus Schmidt, ku rberiya van lkolnn arkeologk kiriye, dibje, ku di demek nzk de, w nav deng v ciy, li temam chan belav bibe.

Klaus Schmidt dibje, perestgeha, ku di encama lkolnan de derketiye meydan, xwed temenek 11-12 hezar salan e ev nuha opn yekemn aristaniya chan nan me dide. Li gor zaniyarn ku li berhema nivsevan nglz Rohl hatine diyarkirin, lkolnn van demn dawiy, nan me didin, ku Kurdistana mjy, welat aristana pemn bye. Li govara Der Spiegel' hatiye diyarkirin, agahdariyn ku li ncl hatine dayin, van destkeftn, ku li encama lkolnn li v herm bi dest ve hatine, hevd pitrast dikin. Tt gotin ku di vegotina (taswr) buhut ya li ncl, bahsa erdek tije ji em rbaran tt kirin - ku her wisan li v herm gelek em rbar hene. Li gor pirtkn proz; 'Xwuda li ser ruy erd buhutek ava kiriye v buhut bi ar eman avedan kiriye; Bjon, Gjon, Firat Dcle.' Her du emn pn, ikiyane ta roj, l Firat Dcle, hna j, bi xurt diherikin. Li ncl tt bashkirin, ku gulistana buhut, li ser girek avedan e her wisan, herma Gir Xirabrek/Navok j li ser girek ye dor ber w, pir trav e.

GIR XIRABREK/Navok (Gbekli Tepe)

Kevintirn avahiya li ser ruy erd ye. Perestgeha her kevin mazin a chan ye.

Bi kman 11 000 sal kevn e

NIVSN WNEY HEROGLF


N HER KEVIN N NASKIR YN CHAN 11 000 sal ber

GIR XIRABREK/Navok
(Gbekli Tepe)

HUNERA 11 HEZAR SAL BER

Li Gir Xirabrek

HUNERA 11 HEZAR SAL BER

Xwedan Tzayin (bereket) Naneka lah

Hjay gotin ye, ku li nav her du av v peyker, du kevrn sp yn glover n yaqt hebn, ku pa careke din li medyay qet ne hat nandan!? Van n re pa li n hatine dann?!

SSARK (Vulture)

end dmen ji beek pir bik ji wargeha lkolnan

IVANEK KURD EV CIH DT

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XqfjWCUgfk

Serok Lkolnn Li Gir Xirabrek Dr Klaus Schmidt


Ji German Archeological Institute

http://www.saradistribution.com/prehistoric_site.htm

Dr Klaus Schmidt, ji Navenda Ensttuya Arkeologiya Alman (German Archeological Institute) ku serokatiya lkolnn li Gir Xirabrek/Gir Navok dike, dibje: 'me ji mj ve dizan ku ev newarek aristaniya kevn e. L bel cara pn me sala 1995an me ciy van kevrn (megalt) mazin dt sala 2003 j lkolnn arkeologk dest p kir.'

Van lkolnn arkeologk, yn ku Dr Klaus Schmidt kiriye, destkeft encamn sansasyonel, seyr ecb derxistine meydan. Ev zanebnn, ku ta roj, yn derbarey mjya mirovahiy ku em dizanin, hem serbin bn! Ev lkoln, roka jiyana mirovn nitecih n ber v bi 11 12 hezar salan vedibje.

Lkolnn arkeologk, yn li v wargeh, nan me didin, ku bav kaln me yn nrvan berhevvan, di dem zemann taybetmend de, li v perestgeh kom bne dlindz rwresmn ol pk hanne. Ev diht w watey, ku niyn li serdema kevr (neoltk) goran binecih (dman) bne. Ev dem, xwe digehne bi hezaran sal ber v zeman tt w watey, ku ev li rojgariyek pir kevin drok qewimiye. Ji lew re, van mirovn li dora v perestgeh, hna ne xwediy huner zannn kirina, dzik, kz, crn ji heriy bn. L bel, ew ba dizani bn xaniyan ava bikin! Ew kevirn stn yn di away tpa Ty de, ku dirjiya wan digehje 3 metreyan, berhemn pir nadde guzde ne. Wan nivsn wney yn proz (hegrolf) n ta nuha kesned, yn li ser van stnn berd, gelek sal ber (!) hegrolfn misr hatine nivsn. Ev tt w watey, ku ew ji hegrolfn misr j pir kevintir in.

Kevirn stn, di forma tpa Ty de, ku li dergeh perestgeh ne, bi neq fguran hatine xemilandin. Evna neqn wek mar, r, kz, beraz, rov, ga hwd in. Ev diht w watey ku Gir Xerbrek/Navok xwed Sazmaniyeka Pwendiy (Communication System) ya tpn wney bye (hegrolf). wey geometrk, ya perestgeh glover e. Bawer ew e, ku wan kevirn stn, yn di away tpa Ty de, naney wan end hoz lan bn, ku li wan dorhlan dijiyan. Ev dsan, tt w watey, ku wan merivn kevn n li w herm, yn li w rojgariya droka wisa pir kevn, xwedol bne baweriya wan bi hzn serxwezay hebye. Di encama lkolnn arkeologk de, firaqn xwarin yn ji kevir re basalt hatine derxistin. Ev destkeft nan me didin, ku ew mirovn dman nitecih, li nzk v perestgeh bi cih war bne. Van destkeftn nuh, ew dtina ku ber digot kevintirn newar avabna mal, gund bajaran li relm (Quds) ye, diguherne. Ber derhanna v perestgeh, dihat gotin, ku kevintirn newar avabna mal, gund bajaran, li relm, li sral ye.

Ta nuha, mirov wisa bawer hebn, ku derbasbna ji jiyana nrvan berhevvaniy, ser bi jiyana nitecih goraniy, pit orea andin bye. L bel lkolnn li Xirabrek destnan dikin, ku jiyana nitecih li serdema kevr (neoltk), ber orea andin, hna gava meriv nrvan berhevvan bne, (li dawiya serdema mezoltk) j qewimiye. Lema ev newar mjy, ji bo rohnkirina mjya aristaniy, destkefteke bhempa ye. Bi riya lkolnn arkeologk, derhanna v perestgeh, ku b sedema sansasyon, seyr ecbmayinan, ew e, ku ev perestgeh, ji hla wan mirovan hatiye lkirin, ku ew nrvan berhevvan bne - hna ne nitecih dman/goran bne. Mjya rojgariya v drok, li gor baweriyan, di navbera 11300 ta 8600 hezar salan bye. Anku rast dawiya serdema mezoltk tt. Wek tt zann; ji serdema her kevin re tt gotin Paleoltk ( ji 200 milyon sal ber- ta sala 15.000 BZ). Ji serdema navn re j Mezoltk (ji 15O00 ta 10.000 BZ) ji serdema nzk j anku Serdema Neoltk/Serdema Kevr (ji 10.000 sal ta sala 0). Bermayn li v ciy mjy, nan me dide, ku merivn v serdem (9000 ta 5000), li jiyaneke buhut gulstan jiyane. Dr Klaus Schmidt dibje, ku ev li drok, ji bo mirovn w serdema kevr (neoltk), bye serdemek zrn, ya buhut gulstan.

BAX REM (Garden of Eden) Buhuta Li Ser Ruy Erd

BAX REM Buhuta Li Ser Ruy Erd


Li nik kurdn zd, adeteke weha heye: ber ku bka teze ling xwe bavje mala zav, zava ji ser ban svan li ser w dixe. Gelo ima zava sv li ser bk dixe? Guneh (sc) k ye, ku ew wisa dike? Ji ber ku zd li ser axeke wisa dimnin, ku li gor baweriya wan, ew war, di dema xwe de buhuta li ser ruy erd bye. Zaniyariya dn j dibje, ku Adem Hewa li ser w ax hatine kirin. Di wan deman de, marek helan daye Heway, ku sva ji dar batin bixwe. W j bawerya xwe bi mar haniye bi at ew sv xwariye. Ji ber v j ew war jiyn d wek warek buhut, ne hatiye jimartin. Anku, ji w roj de, buhut ji wir rabye. Loma j kurd, ta niha, gava bk tnin, sv li ser bk dixin. Anku, bi w away, heyfa xwe ji aiya Heway hiltnin, ku ew bye sedem, ku buhut d li wir ne maye. Bi gotineke din; ji ber ku bi baweriya kurdn zd, her jinek (bkek) peyhatiya Heway ye, anku, ji zuryeta w ye. Ji ber w j, gerek e, ji bo v kirina Heway, bk (jin) derba bi v away bixwun.

LI SER RIYA GIR XIRABREK (Gbekli Tepe) 6 km li dr bajar RUHAy

NAVBER

OREA KEDKIRIN
THE REVOLUTION OF DOMESTICATION

orea Mezr Koeriy (Pastoral Revolution)

orea Mezr Koeriy (Pastoral Revolution)


and hunera cotkar koeriya her p, li ew welat mjy y bi xr br, (ku j re dibjin Hvika Tzayin, yan Hvika Zrn, Fertile Crescent) li Mezopotamiya Bakur (Kurdistan), bikiv dest p kir. orea andin Koeriy (1), bye bingeheka van hem pdenn civak, ku roj em t de ne. Ew herma ku j re dibjin; Hvika Tzayin, xwed klmek nerm hewayek pir pak xwe e. Li vir, zencra iyayn Toros, Zagros Qefqaz xwe digehnin hevdu. Reh koka anda Mezopotam j, ji dorhln van her du emn Firat Dcley tt, ku li ser van iya zozann Kurdistan, mirov cara yek erd ajotin sewal xwey kirin (2).

Di droka mirovahiy de, s bidestxistinn mazin, (n ji bil zanebna agirdadan kontrolkirina gir) ev in:
1- Zanebna andina genm (orea andin Agrar Revolution), 2- Zanebna heyvankirina r (orea Kedkirina Lawir jiyana gundt Pastoral Revolution) 3- Zanebna durustkirina Tger erx (orea Zanist ya Tknk The Scientific Technical Revolution).

Gelek diyarde nan me didin, ku mirov, van her s byern mazin, li serdemn pir kevin n rojgariya drok, li ser v erd bi dest xistine (3).

Her end, ev bi hezaran sal e, ku mirov hatine ser ruy erd, l away peydakirin bidestxistina wan a xurak, ji destpk ve ye, ku her weku xwe maye hema qet ne guheriye. Bav kaln me, ew mirovn kevin, li nav komikn bik dijiyan li xwezay i tit bi dest wan biketa, dixwarin. Jin zaro, fk, dan zad berhev dikirin, reh kokn giy ji erd hildikiandin sewaln neked; yn wek ks eytanokan, ku bi hsan dikaribn bigirin, ji xwe re digirtin dixwarin. Mr j, din nra wan lawir sewaln, ku dikaribn bikutana. Carinan xwarina wan pir b, l birbn, her dem li ber deriy wan digeriya. Gava ref van mirovn kv, hem xurak, ku bi dest xistibn, dixwarin gava titek xwarin li dor ber wan ne dima, hing ji wir bar dikirin din, ko ciyek din dikirin. Bi dewr zemanan, ev berhevkar (Collector) dest bi cotkariy kirin aboriya civaka cotkariy, derket meydan. Her wisan j, hilbern (produksiyon) belavkirina bern jotkariya pket, belavkirina zad, nan, avoz (erab) avc (bra) dest p kir. Nrvan, bn koer, dest bi xwedkirina lawiran kirin di v huner de, xwe p ve birin. Her bi v away, ref bi ref, ji ikeftn tar derketin n ji xwe re, di quntarn iyan de, mal gund ava kirin. Di van maln xwe yn destpk, yn wek holikan de, tev lawirn xwe dijiyan. Civaka koeriy dest p kirib d.

Jineke ji jiyana rojgariya kevin a drok, li hlek r dide zarok xwe li hla din j dide kuduka beraz. Hing mirov lawir pk ve, li bin ban ikeftek dijiyan.

Endamn v civata nuh, ji xwe re avkaniya xurakn xwe ba c bi c sstematze kiribn. Pevguhertina creyn xurak bazirganiya bi lawir, got bern lawir; wek r, mast penr her ku di berfireh dib. Bi riya xwedkirina lawiran, koer her dem xwed xurakn crbecr bn, ku ta w dem, kes ji wan xurakan, ne dbn ne j xwaribn. Pit xwedbna li zanyariya hunern jiyana cotkariy pit, ku xwe hn hunera kedkirin (Domestication of Animals) kirin dsan pit ku karhanna r, mast penr akere berfireh hat zann, hing bingeha avabna aboriyeke civak ya nuh hat hol. Di v civaka nuh de, xurak maln din, wek dest guhertina mulk, aboriyek nuh hat hol, ku j re dibjin: Civaka Mezr Koeriy.

Ew xelkn ku bi nzk 7000 sal BZ, cara p erd ajotibn, dest p kirin, gelek pwstiyn din n jiyan, bi dest xistin jiyan, d, ber bi hsantirbn xwetirbn ve . Ji bo nimn; bi desthanna Hunera Nimandin, Tirkirin (Yeast) di kar hilbern durustkirina hunera kirina xwarin vexwarinan de, civakeke pir a pdey hat hol. Sazmana aboriya civateke nuh, hat hol, ku ev orea Koeriy (Pastoral Revolution) bi xwe b.

Komikn Pn m Civaka Cotkar Koeran

Gava mirov xwe hn hunera andina itlan, xwed- kedkirina lawiran nimandin tirkirina xwurakn ji giya lawiran kirin, hing ji du hlan ve pketinek civak dest p kir: ferhenga civaka cotkar koeriy. Cotkar bi kar andina itlan koer j, bi ked- xweykirina lawir sewalan dirabn. Ji v p ve, ev her du komel, bi hev re, di nav refek de, ne dijiyan. Riya wan ji hev qetiya b d. Her kom, bi kar bar xwe y taybet, di riya xwe ya taybet de, dest bi pketin kiribn. L, ev her du kom, bi hev re, dibn stna civak sazumaniyeke her nuh (New Society). Ev sazumaniyeka nuh a aboriy b. Her komek bi kar xwe y taybet dirabn, ku ji v sstema nuh a aboriy re dibjin: Aboriya Koeriy (Pastoral Economy).

Cotkar dest bi dewlemendkirina away andina Bern itlan, n wek Genim (nan), Tir (avoz/bade/erab) Ceh (avceh/bra) kiribn. Li hla din j koer, dest bi dewlemend- bhtirkirina edn Bern Lawiran kiribn; n wek got (il yan hik), erm (plav, cil kinc) r, ku hem Mast hem j Penr dida. Tevayiya van pketinan bi hev re, dibn bextxwe ansn rizgarbna ji mirinn nexwezay r li ber pketinn mazin n civak divekirin.

GAY COT PROZ B

GAWUR
gawur = gaxur

Mirovn ku xwe hn hunera erdajotin kiribn, ji bo v mebesta xwe, alkar navgnek pir bi sd krhat ji xwe re peyda kiribn; ga. Gava bi alkariya hza g erd diajotin, hezar caran bhtir genim hiltann ji erd. Loma ga, li nik van yekemn gundiyn serzemn, lawirek pir proz b. K gayek ser j bikira bixwara, j re digotin gaxur - gawur anku kes ne li ser riya rast, kes kafir..

Gundiyen kurd n royn j, ew end ji gayn xwe hez dikin, ku gava ga li ser va cot raweste d ne e, j re dibjin: De bir min her du av min! Qet zext li g na kin l na xin.

Misr j gay Aps diparastin/diperestin

NEWAR YEKEMN XURAKN PKET


(ADVANCED FOOD)
Pit orea andin, mirov d xwe hn kirina gelek creyn xurakan kiribn.

NEWAR HER KEVIN A DURUSTKIRINA HUNERA XURAKN PKET (Advanced Food)

Wne -SCIENCE. Yekemn war xwarina ku em roj dixwun, 8000 sal ber li cografya Kurdistan qewimye.

Wne -SCIENCE. Belavbna zanetiya durustkirin amadekirina hunera apjiy (The art of preparing and cooking meal) Hunera hilberna xurakn pket, BZ 8000 sal ber dest p kiriye. Li gor jimareyn li ser v nexey, newar her kevin a hunera durustkirina Xurakn Pket (Advanced Food) nan dide.

NAN p li ser keviran, pa j, li nav tendran hat pahtin..

Bawer heye, ku nan li destpk, li ser ew "kevir berdn, ku ji ber agir duy re ten bne", hatiye ldan/pahtin. Pa j li nav tenran..

TENDR

Mebest ji Xurakn Pket (Advanced Food) ew e, ku ji xuraka berhevkar (Collectors) nrvanan (Hunters) na ser bi xuraka andiniy (Agrar) Mezr Koeriy (Pastoral) ye.

KEK

Penr Hikkir

KEK

ji hla xwezay ve tt hilann/konservekirin.

Ber hunera bi destvehanna xurakn hik berxudr, mirov ni kanibn riyn ji rojek dirjtir r herin. Gava lawirek ne hata piya wan ni kanibna lawir nr bikin, ji ber birbn divegeriyan war ku j hatibn. L gava hunera bi desthanna xurakn hikkir fr bbn, hing bi ew keka li bin trika xwe, dikanibn rwtiya xwe berdewam bikin riya ji rojek dirjtir bi hsan get bikin. Bi v reng j, zanyariyn li and andiniya li wargeha xwe, li ciyn din j belav dikirin.

KEK

Bi gotineke din; kek, ardy (benzn) belavbn & belavkirina and andiniy li chan bye.
Kek: ortan, olek
ortan: bi zar ermen ye

Byera Nimandin Tirbn, w gav, ji van mirovan re, titek pir kesnedt ecb b. Ew sedemn zanist yn tirbn, yn bi riya bakteriyan, hna ni zanibn. Ji lew re, v byer bi irovekirinn ol ayinperestiy (Teologi) ji xwe re rohn dikirin. Ev byer, ji bo van mirovan; kar Xweday b, ne kar bakteriyan, ango 'mczeyek' b. Mirov v byer, bi riya hza xwezay irove dikirin. Ta ku hatin serdema njen (Modern), her xwed v br baweriya kevin bn. Li gor v baweriya kevin a xwezay, mirov digotin, ku ev byera Heyvanbna r j bna mast penr, ku li droka mirovahiy roleke her girng lstiye, bi hza heyv r dide. Mirovn ber, ta van rojn serdema njen j, li ser w baweriya xwe ya kevn bn. Ta ku, ji xwe re, ew sedemn teknolojk yn kmyev, yn li pa byera (Fenomen) nimandin tirbn ne, fr bn, ta ku ew sedemn ku ji me mirovan re, xurakeke pir bi nirx hja y xwej didan hn bn, di w br baweriya kevn de bn.

Wan dt ku, bi riya tirkirin, temen xwurak dirjtir dib. Xurakn nimand, demn dr dirj dikaribn werin veartin, parastin bi hsan bi xwe re gerandin. Nan nimand/tirkir z kufik ne dib. Avceh (bra) demn dirj dihat parastin doava, ku db erab j, by ku xirab bibe, bi salan dikarib bima. Her wisan, gava ku r heyvan dib, dib mast penr, ku ew j dikaribn by ku xirab bibin, demn dirj diman. Bguman xurakn weha, li dema kokirinan, bi hsan dikarin werin birin hann. Di na bi xwe re birina bar mazin n xurak, mirov van xurakn nimand heyvankir yn bar sivik, bi xwe re bi hsan dibirin dihann. Rw her dem rast nr ne dibn. Pit rvena rojek, dsan divegeriyan nav kom gundn xwe. L bel bi van xurakn heyvankir yn wek kek (yan penr hikkir), rw dikanibn riyn ji rojek dirjtir r herin. Bi gotineke din ev cre xurak rola ardya (benzn) li chan belavkirina huner zanna andin, lst (7).

Teknologiya Heyvan(maye)kirin
-MeyandinThe Fermentation Technic

Heyv Meh/Mah/Mang

HUNERA HEYVANKIRIN KOD NANN ANDA HEYVANKIRIN DI PEYVSAZIYA ZIMAN KURD (hind-ewrp) DE

Huner Riya Zanebna Heyvankirin Bi Hza Xwedana Heyv (Heyv/Meh)

Xelkn kevin n hind-ewrp, yn li Kurdistana mjy dijiyan, byera heyvanbna r j bna Mast Penr, bi irovekirinn ol ayinperestiy (Teologi), ji xwe re rohn dikirin. Li gor wan, Xwudana heyv, ku xwed hza med cezr ye, ji bo evdn xwe, xurak tdizne, r dike mast penr.

Li toreya ol ya hoz ln pemn n hnd-ewrp, perestiniya ji Xwedana Heyv re heb Xwedana Heyv j, her dem m b. Ji lew re nav Xwedana Heyv, bi pkita "ma" ku di ziman hind-ewrp de nana mbn (Feminin) ye, dihat nimandin. Ji lew re, di gelek zimann hindo-ewrp yn rojhilat de, nav heyv bi pkitn mbn yn "ma", "mo" dest p dikin. Pkiteya "ma" ya di nav van zimanan de, ji peyvn latn yn "mater", "mammal" tt. Ev tt wateya Xwedana her bebikn li ber r' ango d-dayik, mama.

Di ziman kurd de, hin kodn ziman veart hene ku v domana (Process) byera tirbn, meyandin nimandin divebjin:
Loma peyva HEYVANKIRIN ji nav HEYV tt. Anku xelk w serdem, ji domana nimandin tirbna r re digotin: HEYVKIRIN. Li alman ji v doman re dibjin HEFE.

Li gor br baweriya qewmn hind-ewrpiyn ber, yn li Kuristana mjy, Xwedana Heyv ji ebdn xwe re r tdizand, dikir mast penr. Loma van berhemn r, di zimann hind-ewrp de m (Feminin) ne, ji ber ku Xwedana ku wan diafirand m b.

Xwedana Hetav xor j, bern itland tdizand; genim dikir nan, tir dikir erab ceh j dikir avceh (bra).

XURAKN BI HZA XWUDAY TIRBY PROZ IN


Li tevaya civakn Rohilata Nzk Navn, xurakn tirkir wek nan, mast penr proz in. Pir caran, gava mirov sonda rastgoyiy dixwun, hing ne li ser Quran, l bel li ser nan mast sond dixwun. Ba tt zann, ku ji rojgariya kevin a drok ve, van xurakan, li nav anda civak, xwed ciy nirx hjayiyeka bilind wergirtine. Li Hindistan mange proz dihn zann, li Rohilata Nzk j mast nan.. Ji bo nimn, i car mirov p li ser nan na ke. Mast ku ji ber xwarin maye, mirov na rijne erd. Gava pir pdiv be, ew li bin darek dirijnin. Sedemn efsaney (Mytologi) yn v baweriy hene.

Nan-Mast-erab: S xwarin vexwarinn proz


NAN
MAST ERAB

Ji ber ku berhemn (afirendeyn) xuday bn. Xwudayan ew ji bo ebdan durust dikirin.

Li civak andn perestiniya hetav, Xwedan Hetav, ku n (Maskulin) b, ew ev xurak ji bo ebdn xwe, ji giya dikir, tir dikir tdizand (bi bereket berxwudr dikir): Nan, erab avceh (bra).
NAN
ERAB

(HE)TAV, XOR

BRA

Li civak andn perestiniya heyv, Xwedana Heyv m (Feminin) b ew ev xurak, ji bo ebdn xwe ji r dikir, tir dikir tdizand (bi bereket berxwudr dikir): Mast penr.

MAST

PENR

DI ZAYINA ARISTANIY DE ROLA JINAN


Van xurakn xwej n royn ku em dixwun, em hem bi xra jrbna jinan xra keda dest wan dixwun. Ji lew re drokzan dibjin ku:

aristan bi dest wan jinan zaye. Gava mirov, weke lawir sewalan di nav jiyananeke sext dijwar de dijiyan. Hing xurak nn b. Weke refn kul, li der dor, i bi dest wan keta, dixwarin ne dihitin; pisng, seg, mik, kurm, eytanok, giya hwd. Dema tit xwarin li der dora wan ne dima, hing j ciy xwe diguhestin ji wir din newareka din. Koern nrvan bn. ek psatn wan, dar yan j rim trn ser bi kevr heste (Obsidian) bn. L zivistann sar dirj nr tine b. Hing weke mriyan, i titn xwarin bi ber wan keta, bihar, havn payizan ew didane hev. Hem nrvan hem j berhevkar bn. Jin ji ber zaruyan, li ber koza gir li bend hatina peyayn, ku bn nr, diman sexbriya zaruyan dikirin.

ARISTAN BI DEST JINAN DIZ

Li gor teoriya zaniyar ya Droka Pdena Mirovahiy, rojek gava jinn li ber koza gir dimeyiznin, ku wan tovn genim bej, cehdask (Tritticum Dicocciodes) ku j end kulm ji bo xwarina zivistan kom kiribn, di ciy bi nm de dsan n tn, hing jin ew dsan li erd diinin. Bi v away, ew xwarina ku aristaniy dizne, bi dest jinn w serdem tt hol.

Li gor lkolner austral Gordon Child, mirovn ku cara yekemn itil li erd danne zad ajotine, jinn Kurdistan mjy bne. 'Jin li ber koza gir, li bend hatina peyayn, ku bn nr diman sexbriya zaruyan dikirin. Li gor v teoriya zaniyar ya Droka Pdena Mirovahiy, rojek gava jinn li ber koza gir dimeyiznin, ku wan tovn genim bej, ku j re bi kurd dibjin Cehdask (Tritticum Dicocciodes) ku j end kulm ji bo xwarina zivistan ji xwe re komkiri bn, di cyek bi nm trav de dsan n tn, hing jin ew cehdesk dsan li erd diinin. Bi v away, ew xwarina ku aristaniy tdizne, bi dest jinn v welat t hol.'

Di Metbexa Kurd De Bi Karhanna Mast r Wek Derman

Gundiyn kurd, ji bo berhemek r, azne metodek pir kevin bi kar dihnin, ku j re dibjin Mast taze. Ev gundiyn hla herma Rewanduz ya li Bar Kurdistan ye, ku mast teze dikin nav kzek. Pariyek bik ji nan beyat dixin nav mast. Pa bez germ dikin bi ser dev kz de dikin. Dev kz bi qapaxek ba digirin gir didin. Erd dikolin kz dixin bin erd ser w digirin ta zivistan na derxin. Gava zivistan kz mast ji bin erd diderxin, mast bye xwed j tahmek d xwetir ji bo sexbriya kul navsork (ulser) bi sd e.

Gund koern Kurdistan berhemek taybetmend a r bi dest ve dihnin, ku j re mentir tt gotin. Ev peyv tt wateya 'ment' tir. Encama her ba bi karhanna r mh yan bizin bi dest dikeve. Derman ku mirov mentir p dike, pit germkirina (pastorising) r, end dilopn r firoy xav, ku ji mh yan j ji bizin nuhzay diht wergirtin end giyayn baharat yn teze yn kurd t de hene. Mirov v r germkir, end saetan li nav cerek devgirt li ciyek hnik dihle. Pit end saetan naveroka cer tije dibe ji vexwarina mast rohn, ku hem ji bo birna navsork (ulser) hem j ji bo ser (migren) derman di cih de ye. Bala mirov dikine, ku her end bi saetan li ciyek hnik rawestay be j, dsan mentir wek li ser agir hatibe kelandin, pir germ e. Ji bo areseriya kula zik ser, div nexwe w bi germah vexwun ku fa xwe z bibnin. Li metbexa kurd mast r bi gelek awayn cihreng xwe dihne bi karhann. Ciy mast wisan diyar girng e, ku li nav metbexa kurd, loma mirov dibje: "nan mast xwarina rast!" Her wisa j, ciy r girng pir diyar e. Loma kurd dibjin: Nan r xwarina mr!

Mehr

Mehr, orbeya ji mast, orber gelek xurakn din ku ji r mast dibin, di metbexa kurd de hene.

Mehr

BILD: Katja Kristoferson

http://www.saradistribution.com/kurdisk_mat_tasteline.htm

Selahaddn Eyb, bi qedirgran Riard Dilr yek ji serdar Xaemeshiyan (serdar Brtanyay) vedixwne ser xwarina kurd.

ZANYARIYN HUNERA BIDESTHANNA PENR NIHNIYEK (SIR) PIR GIRNG NAYET B

Durustkirina berhemn r, ji dotina r ta germkirin heyvankirin, kar xulaman b. Xwarina mast penr j, her ten maf keeyn perestgehan endamn na serdest b. inn bin, her ten xwed maf vexwarina r bn. Qewmek ku ji wan re digotin kiriyan ku li bakur Behra Re dijiya, av xulamn xwe der dixist, ku gava xulam azad bibin, yan birevin, sir hunera bidestvehanna mast penr, ni kanibin bi xwe re bibin.

Ew xelk li bakur Behra Re, li Ukranya royn dijiyan, xwe ba hn kedkirina gelek sewaln wek hesp, mh berazan kiribn. Her ji ber v yek j, ew bbn xwed aboriyeke pket ya civak, ku ji bo dotina hespn xwe xulaman bi kar dihann. na wan a serdest xwed maf xwarina sertvka (qeymaxa) r mast bn. Qedexe b ku xulamek sertvka mast tahm j bikira. L bel ya her dijwar di jiyana van xulamn de ev b, ku av xulaman dihat derxistin korkirin, ku xulam i car ni karibin xwe hn hunera bi destvhanna mast penr bikin, ji lew re gava frar kiribana, hing dikaribn v huner j, bi xwe re bibin. Hunera bi destvehanna mast penr nehniyek (sir) civak b (10).

YEKEMN MENUYA RESTORANT?

Li nzk bajar kevin Hewlr, kevrek nivit (inskription) y ku 5000 sal kevn, hatiye dtin. Li ser w kevr sernava Xuraka royn heye li bin v sernav j, ev xuraka navbir, ji i pkhat ye, hatiye nivsn: Birinc pvaz li nav xwna beraz keland

LI NAV 17 ZIMANAN EM KETIN PEY 4 PEYVAN:

R MAST ERAB HEVRTIR

* Avesta: ax Rojhelat ya ziman kevin Hind-Ewrp. Ziman ol ya Zerdut. Kurdiya njen ji Avesta hatiye. * Pahlew: ax Rojhelat ya ziman kevin Hind-Ewrp. Nypersiska Farsiya njen ji Pahlew hatiye.

Peyva erab bi ziman: Htt: Wijana Ugart: Yin Akad: Inu German: Ect Gurc: Rwino, Nan: puri, Tandor: tone

Peyva YOGURD
Dibjin Peyva Yoghurd tirk ye, yan bulgar ye. L ne rast e. Peyveke HindEwrp ye och ji du kok rehan pk tt: Yog = rn rohn e (ermen) Gurd/kurd = xilt lorik (penr teze) ye.

FRMAYA REMENIY YA GLOBAL A SWD ARLA PIT V LKOLN, AGEHIYA APEMENIYEK BELAV KIR THE SWEDISH GLOBAL DIARY COMPANYS PM

Pit v xebata lkoln ya li ser "HUNERA HEYVANKIRIN KOD NANN ZIMAN LI ANDA HEYVANKIRIN (Studie i jsningsprocessen, MJLK - DEN MAGISKA DRYCKEN I DET KURDISKA KKET)", ev frmaya navbir, bi agehiyek apamaniy ragihand, ku kok reha "HUNERA BIDESTVEHANNA MAST PENR LI NAV ZIMAN VEART YE". Pit naskirina v lkoln, ne ma d li Swd ev frmaya sereke, li ser berhemn xwe yn r, wek carn ber, navn din dahne. Ji bo nimn, li na 'turkisk yoghurt', ji vir n ve tt gotin 'MEZE YOGHURT'. Li ser v pirs, mirov dikare di malpera "arlafoods.se" de bi fireh bixwne. ARLAs PRESSRELEASE:

ARLAS PRESSRELEASE

BAKGRUNDSMATERIAL FAKTA OCH KURIOSA OM MEZE OCH YOGHURT


Meze r en sammanfattning av de mnga kalla och varma smrtter som utgr basen i stra Medelhavets gastronomiska kultur. Ordet meze frekommer i flera olika sprk, t ex mazah i arabiska och maze i persiska. Mezekulturen har sitt ursprung i det vldiga omrde som omfattar Nordafrika, Turkiet, Balkan och Mellanstern. De olika lndernas och regionernas recept, rvaror, kryddor och traditioner har smlt samman till en rik matkultur. Mezertterna knnetecknas av rika smaker och enkelhet. Vanliga ingredienser r aubergine, mynta, lamm och bulgurvete som kombineras med spiskummin, kanel, olivolja och persilja. Resultatet blir vitamin- och mineralrika, smakrika smrtter, som ofta avnjuts tillsammans med yoghurtbaserade rror. Mjlk har stor betydelse i Mellansterns matkultur. Jsta livsmedel som yoghurt, ost och brd anses vara heliga. Ngra av de strsta mnskliga uppfinningarna anses vara jsningen av mjlkprodukter. Jsningen fascinerade de tidiga odlarna s att de bara kunde frklara fenomenet med att det var ett gudaverk. Lnge trodde man att det var mnen som stod fr kraften som orsakade jsningen.

Anvndningen av mjlk i matlagningen r mycket gammal. I en 3 750 r gammal mesopotamisk kokbok (lertavla), som innehller mnga recept, kan man bland annat lsa om lammktt kryddat med lk, vitlk och tillagat med fett, surmjlk och blod. I kurdiskan anvnder man uttrycket Nan mast khuarna rast! vilket betyder Utan brd och yoghurt ingen mltid!. Ett annat uttryck r Nan shir khuarna mr!, som betyder att brd och mjlk r furstens mat.
Kllor: MEZE hos Halv Grek Plus Turk Kokbok och Mjlkfrmjandet, Av Karin Andrn, Master of Science in dietetics och Goran Candan, sprklrare och versttare (oktober 2004) Bild Arla Kket .

Link: ARLAs PRESSRELEASE:

ARLAS PRESSRELEASE

ARLAS PRESSRELEASE

SERZDAYIYN HILBERNA GENIM XURAKN DIN LI NAV KELEHN AS DIHATIN PARASTIN


(Production surplus was stored in devouring)

Mjya avabna Keleha Diyarbekr ba na ht zann. L ne dr e ku pit orea andin ji bo parastina Hilberna Serzde ya Genm (Production surplus of Wheat) hatibe avakirin.

LI NITIMAN GENIM
Yek ji keleha her mazin a dunyay.

Ev rewa w ya dawn ji zeman sala 340 pit Zayin, ji hla Qeyser Rom Justnianu hatiye nkirin (restorekirin).

Keleha Diyarbekr, pit bend/dwar n 2.emn keleha chan ye.

5 000m dirj e, 17m bilind e 82 bircn ji hivde metran bilintir hene.

Diyarbekir, 1969

BIDESTVEHANN BIKARHANNA TGER


(Wheel)

Li gor arkeologek navdar amerk y bi nav profsor Stuart Piggot, lkoln li ser Mjya Pketina Mirovayetiy kiriye. Lkolna li ser op bermayn mjy, dsan lkolner xwe biriye ser xaka Kurdistan. Ji lewre di dawiya saln 1967 de li nzk Gola Wan, ji hla arkologan goristanek mjy hat derxistin li ronahiy. Di v goristan de erebeyeke bi v tgera xwe ya destpk hat dtin. Bi azneya (mtoda) Carbon14 (C14) hat pitrastkirin diyarkirin, ku ev tger ji serdema 3500 sal ber zayin maye. Tgera ku di dema erdkolana projeyeka lleya petrol de hatib dtin, ku ji hla Staln ve li Qefqaz hatib destpkirin, bi end 1000 salan ji v tgera ku li dewrbern Gola Wan hatiye dtin, ntir e. Ev a li nzk Gola Wan 1000 sal kevintir derket. (3)

NEXEYA NEWAR AVABNA TGERA YEKEMN

Li gor lkolnn DNAy Koka Dara ZEYTN Li Roavay Kurdistan ye

Guillaume Besnard at Laboratoire Evolution et Diversite Biologique Phylogeography and domestication of the olive tree The British Royal Journal of Biological Sciences

Dara zeytn ku wek nana atiy tt zann; rojavay Kurdistan wek newar koka v dar tt destnankirin ji hla grbek zanyar, ku encama xebata xwe li kovara bi nav Zanistn Byolojk ya Civaka Qraliyeta Brtan belav kir. Li gor berdevk Navenda Lkolnn Zanista Byolojk ya Fransay (Laboratoire Evolution et Diversite Biologique) ji Ynanistan, ji talyay ji dorbera peravn Behra Sp ji girava Qibris li ser 2000 nimneyn dara zeytn lkoln hat kirin. Ev lkoln 108 nuxteyn cihreng lkoland. Pit van lkolnan bi vebir hat tgehtin, ku dara zeytn ji Rojavay Kurdistan belav bye li ciyn din n chan. Li gor v encam hat diyarkirin ku temen dara zeytn ji v milyon nv (1,5) salan ber ye. Di van lkolnn xwe de, li ser avahiya genetk ya darn zeytn, li ser fosl bermayan ev lkolnn dr dirj hatine kirin. Ber v lkoln bawer ew b ku yekem newar darn zeytnan li Antaqiya dorbern w b. L pit van lkolnan zelal b ku nitiman dara zeytn Kurdistana rojava ye. Li Kurdistan s hermn trzeytn hene: Kils, Efrn Drika iyay Maz.

IdTidskriften C Nr1, 2003

http://www.saradistribution.com/vetetshemland/vetetshemland.htm

AlltOmMat Nr5, 2004

http://www.saradistribution.com/AOM/aom.htm

Mjlkspegeln: Nyheter Fakta Forskning Debatt, Nr3 2005

http://www.saradistribution.com/vetetshemland/vetetshemland.htm

LKOLNN PMJY DERBAREY KURDISTANA IRAQ ku behsa xebatn arkeolojk dike ku li saln 40 ta 50y li ermo ememal hatiye kirin.

Ev lkolna ku li saln 40-50 60an li ememal ermo hatiye kirin, behsa w newar dike ku bingeha aristaniya chan ye.

This is the story of the first three field campaigns of the 8 years long archeological expedition to Iraqi Kurdistan /Jarmo Project/ in the Kurdish hill country of Tigris & Eufrat (1945-1959)

LKOLNN LI DEWR BERN DCL


Li Bin Girn Kurdistana Iraq Linda Braidwood

DIGING BEYOND THE TIGRIS


In The Hills of Iraqi Kurdistan by Linda Braidwood

ART & ARCHAEOLOGY

AMD KURDISTAN
1929 The Archeology Society of Washington USA

Ancient Peoples and Places FOOD IN ANTIQUITY

by Don and Patricia Brothwell

Kurdistan Buhuta li ser ruy erd The Paradise Nature of Kurdistan

DOKAN, li Bar Kurdistan, 1973

Peraveka Gola Wan, 2002

Mjya aristaniya Kurdistan (bi kurt)


Mjya aristaniya Kurdistan ji mjya aristaniya hem welatn din kevintir e. Ji ber ku mirov, bi pketinn li ser v welat, yekem car erd ajotin bn nitecih (dman), lawiran ked kirin mal, gund bajarn pemn ava kirin. Ev mj xwe digehne 9000 sal Ber Zayin. Lkoler alman, Manfred Heun, ew bawer heye, ku hunera andina genm j, cara yek, 9000 sal ber, li iyay Qerec r daye ev huner, z bi z j, ji wir, belav hem newarn derdora xwe bye. Lkoler swd Prof Johan Hultin dibje: Derga Temam aristaniy - Zozann iyay Qerec e Ji ber ku di mjya mirovahiy de, cara yek genim li vir hatiye andin belav hem chan bye.

Hna ev peyitandin nuh hatib kirin ku li sala 1995 cotkarek kurd, li gund Gir Xirabrek/Gir Navok ku tirk j re dibjin 'gbekli tepe' wargeha yekemn xan, mal gund dt. Gsn w li kevirek mazin ket. Ew pa t geht ku ev kevir bi dest mirovan hatiye xeritandin. Pit ku ew agehiya dezgehn ferm yn tirkan p xist pspor lkoler hatin ser v ciy mjy. Hat tderxistin ku ev kevintirn newar naskir ye, ku mirov yekemn car li vir xan ava kirine bermayn ji hunera dest (handmade art objects) kirine.

orea andin (Agrar Revolution) 9000 sal ber v zeman li ser erda Kurdistan qewimiye. orea Kedkirin (Revolution of Domestication) j, ku li gor lkolnan ev t wateya Sazmankirina avkaniyn Xurak (Systematization of the Food Sources) , li dor 1000 sal pit orea andin, ew j yekemn car li Kurdistan qewimiye.

Ev her du oren her girng n DROKA PVENA MIROVAHIY li Kurdistana mjy qewimne. Loma Kurdsitana Mjy Welat Pemnan e.

Dr Klaus Scmidt, ji Navenda Ensttuya Arkeologiya Alman (German Archeological Institute) ku serokatiya van lkolnn li Gir Xirabrek/Gir Navok dike, dibje 'me ji mj ve dizan ku ev newarek aristaniya kevn e. L bel cara pn me sala 1995an ciy van kevrn (megalt) mazin dt sala 2003 j lkolnn arkeologk dest p kirin.' Her wisa li v heman newar, perestgeh hat dtin, ku ev kevintirn mazintirn perestgeha li ser ruy erd ye. Temen w bi kman 11 hezar sal kevin e. Klaus Schmidt dibje, perestgeha, ku di encama lkolnan de derketiye meydan, xwed temenek 11-12 hezar salan e ev nuha opn yekemn aristaniya chan nan me dide dibje, ku di demek nzk de, w nav deng v ciy, li temam chan belav bibe.

Nivskar lkoler amerk Harry G. Nickles j dibje: "Tit ku v herm, ji ciy din cuda dike, di mjya aristaniy de byera xwurak - byera andina itlan kedkirina lawir sewalan e. Li gor hem materiyal spartekn arkeologk yn li ber dest, ev gav mezin, cara pn li ser ruy erd, li v welat hatiye avtin. Cara yekemn, bi v pketina li Kurdistan, mirov xwe hn andin kedkirin kirine her bi v away, bi weyeke herdem, bidestxistina xwarin, ji xwe re ewle kirine bne xwedxurakn herdem. Bi v byer re, bingeha hem aristaniy hat lkirin riya avabna mal, gund, bajar, netewe, ahnah, hunera nivsn, wje, qann zaniyariy veb." Dtin gotinn van zaniyar lkoleran hat peyitandin (spatkirin) ji lewre; li sala 1997, grbek zaniyar ji Almanyay, ji e reepereyn andbar n dunyay, nimneyn genim hanne li ser wan, lkolnn DNA'y kirine. Encama van lkolnan nan daye, ku koka hem genimn chan; ji det zozann bilind n iyay Qerec a li Diyarbekr ye.

AVKAN/ SPARTEK/ BINERETIN/ WJEY 1 Brothwell, Don and Patricia/ Ancient Peoples and Places. A Survey of The Diet of Early Peoples. London, Thames and Hudson, 1969 2 Diamond, Jerry/ Guns, Germs, Steels The Fates of Human Societies 3 Jensen, Per/ Djurens betende Och orsakerna till det, 1993 4 Lewan, Bengt/ ARKADIEN Om herdar och herdinnor i svensk dikt, Bokfrlaget Nya Doxa, 2001 5 Svenning, Carl-Elof/ Politisk Tidskrift, CUF, Januari 1964 (om de moderna kurdiska herdestammar) 6 Sjlander, Sverre/ Naturens budbrare, Nya Doxa 7 Der Harotunian, Arto/ Yoghurt Boken, Rabn & Sjgren, 1983 (Grng bi karhanna mast li Rohilata Navn) 8 - Darwin, Charles/ The Origin of Species, 1859. 9 - Wigram, Edgar T. A./ The Cradle of Mankind - Life in Eastern Kurdistan, London, 1914. 10 - Child, Gordon/ What Happened in History, 1942. (Derbarey wan mirovn (jin) li Kurdistana mjy ku aristan bi dest wan zaye - orea andin) 11 - Braidwood, Robert J. & Howe, Bruce/ American Anthropological Association, University of Chicago, The Jarmo Projekt 1948. (lkolnn antropolojk ya derbarey ajotina itlan kedkirina ajel sewalan) 12 - Braidwood, Robert J. & Howe, Bruce/ Prehistoric Investigation in Iraqi Kurdistan, 1960 (lkolnn antropolojk ya derbarey ajotina itlan kedkirina ajel sewalan) 13 - Nickles, Harry G/ Middle Eastern Cooking / The Food That Launched Civilisation, 1969. (xebata antropolojk derbarey ajotina itlan kedkirina ajel sewalan) 14 - SCIENCE, Site of Einkorn Wheat Domestication Identified by DNA Fingerprinting, 1312-1314, 14-11-1997. (xebata zanist ya derbarey l drok cara yekem ajotina itlan li iyay Qerac - Li Kurdistana Mjy li Amday.) 15 Besikci, Dr Ismail/ Ismail Dogu Anadolunun Dzeni Sosyo-Ekonomik ve Etnik Temeller. (Bingehn etnk aboriya civak li Rohilata Anatolyay) 1969. (Derbarey lkolnn hevdem n antropolojk yn li Kurdistan Dr Ismail Besikci, sosolog, droknas, zaniyar) 16 - Prof Stuart Piggot/ The Beginnings of Wheeled Transport. Scientific American, July 1968, p. 82-90. (lkolnn antopolojk li devera ku tger (tekerlek) cara yek hatiye pevxistin) 17 Lo Yogurt E La Salute/ www.geocities.com/HotSprings/1015/salute.htm 18 Hvar 8 Dagar. Nr 9, 1927 Tacklade av d de 160 ren blevo ifrgasatta. Vrldens ldsta man Zero Agha avliden i Konstantinopel. 19 Illustrerad Vetenskap. Nr 6 1995 20 - Nature. Autumn 2003 (Lkolna derbarey avah reh koka zimann ndo-ewrp) 21 Cornucopia. No 7, 1994/95. (Zero Agas biografi) 22 Times, July 3, 1930. The Oldest Man A visit to Amerika (om Zero Agas resa till USA) 23 Kurdish Times, Vol. 1, No2, 1986, New York (Zero Agas biografi) 24 Skyterna, Rice, Tamara Talbot, Natur och Kultur, 1958 25 Herodotes/ Historia, Norsteds, 2000 26 Seton, Lloyd/ Ancient Turkey, 1989 27 Macqueen, J. G/ The Hittites and their contemporaries in Asia Minor, 1986 28 Illustrerad vetenskap / Nr 7, 1991

Ev Semner Cara Yek Li Diyarbekr Hat Pkkirin

Diyarbekr, 13.7.2006

Semnera Kurd li ser mijara: NITIMAN GENM li Diyarbekr 13.7.2006


http://www.saradistribution.com/seminerakurdi.htm

SPAS Ji Bo Guhdarkirina We Thank You For Listening

Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum


- Kurdish Book Bank SAZENDEYA PIRTKXANE & MUZEXANEYA KURD

www.saradistribution.com

SPAS JI BO:
Dr Vera Beaudin Saeedpour Seroka Pirtkxane & Muzexaneya Kurd - New York. Dr Sunil Sharma Area Specialist Harvard University. Dr Peggy Pearlstein Area Specialist Library of Congress. Ekrem Altin lkler, mamostey ziman. Rohat Alakom lkoler. Mehdi Zana nivskar. Kenan Fan Dogan lkoler. Beston Nore lkoler li NOVUM/HUDDINGE. Kayf Asad wergr. Madhat Kakei wnesaz. Fad Brsk, Nivskar. Maria Stenmark karkenar. Besna A. xwendekar. Robin Candan xwendekar.

Wne (2,4,6): Wnegr Arne Adler Kelepr: Kurdish Book Bank - SARA

end dmen ji Arvxaneya Kurdish Book Bank

Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum


2007 www.kurdishlibrarymuseum.org

Teacher in Kurdish, translator, 1959 Diyarbekir Kurdistan

Goran Candan

Founder of

The Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum

www.kurdishlibrarymuseum.org

GORAN CANDAN, Sala 1959 li Diyarbekr hatime dunyay. Ji sala 1982y vir ve ye ku li Swd dijm. Ez wek wergervan mamostey ziman kurd dixebitim. Li Zanistgeha Stokholm, be Xwendegeha Mamostetiya kurd min biriye ser her li dibistann swd 15 salan kar mamostetiya ziman kurd kiriye. Min li Zanistgeha Stockholm be Mjya Aboriya Chan Pwendiyn Navnetewey (International Relations and Economic History) xwandiye. Nuha j kar wergervaniy ji bo kanaln televzyona Swd dikim ji Wezareta and ya Swd (Kulturradet) re ji bo Rxistina Navenda Kitbxaneyn Swd ya bi nav Bibliotetjanst-BTJ, wek lektor wjeya (edebiyata) kurd dixebitim. Li ser Peyva Yogurd teknologiya heyvan(maye)kirin - Meyandin, li ser mijara Kurdistan Nitiman Genm min xebateke lkoln, di gel lkolnern swd amade kiriye di govarn naskir yn swd de belav kiriye. Ji sala 1987 vir ve ye, ku Weanxane Kitbxaneya kurd ya naskir SARAy bi r ve dibim. SARA Yekemn Pirtkfiroiya Kurd ya li Ewrpay ye (1987). Ji ber ku li SARAy bi dehhezaran berhemn granbuha n kurd gihane ser hev, loma SARA bye Navendek Arvxane Lkoln (Kurdish Book Bank). Ji sala 2007 vir ve ye j, SARA wek Sazendeya Pirtkxane & Muzexaneya Kurd (Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum) ji nuh ve hatiye sazkirin xwed 50 hezar pirtk, kovar, rojname, materyaln tvel n kurd ye. ayan gotin ye ku Kurdish Book Bank li ar navendn grng n wjey yn chan, bi dehhezaran pirtk kovarn kurd dide arvkirin.