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CGE Greenhouse Gas Inventory Hands-on Training Workshop
for the African Region


Building an Inventory Management System Pretoria, South Africa
18-22 September 2006

Michael Gillenwater


What is an GHG Inventory Program for? ▪ Meet international obligations and expectations ▪ Inform international. transparent. national. & local policy making ▪ Enhance credibility of national climate policies through timely. and effective analysis & communication ▪ Foster consistent estimation approaches across government & private sector programs ▪ Respond to requests for information ▪ Champion for high quality & objective inventory information 3 .

What is quality? ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Transparency Completeness Comparability Consistency Accuracy Transparency is the most fundamental. 4 . then there is no way to demonstrate any of the other principles have been met. If you do not document.

▪ Decision makers & policy advisors ▪ International climate change community ▪ Provincial & local agencies ▪ The public & interest groups ▪ Businesses ▪ Scientists 5 ..Who cares? ▪ A wide audience of stakeholders..

National government ▪ Are national inventories verifiable? ▪ What are current & projected emissions and removals from key industries? ▪ What are the effects of existing or planned policies and measures (including policies that aggravate emissions)? ▪ Is there consensus among government agencies and key stakeholders on our emission estimates? ▪ What are the relationships between reducing greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental pollutants? 6 .

International community ▪ What is the your country’s contribution to global emissions and removals? ▪ Are your GHG estimates credible and transparent? ▪ Is your country meeting its UNFCCC obligations? 7 .

industries.Businesses & NGOs ▪ How do we quantify and get credit for activities that reduce emissions or sequester carbon? ▪ What activities. companies. or policies have been responsible for significant increases or decreases in GHG emissions or removals? Scientists ▪ What are the priorities for research and measurement? ▪ What are the scientific uncertainties in the emission and sink estimates? 8 .

regional.Linkages Research & international scientific community Trading and projects Domestic emission reduction programs LU/LUCF (Sinks policies) Inventory Program Negotiations & IPCC Corporate. & other inventories Interest groups & the public Emission projections. climate & economic modeling 9 .

.. agencies.. ▪ Ensure inventory processes are in compliance with COP decisions (i. and other organizations ▪ Provide inventory reports regularly ▪ Ensure the quality of inventory data 10 .e. communicating. and archiving inventory data & information ▪ Coordinate with relevant ministries. processing.Inventory management systems should. Non-Annex I Party National Communications) ▪ Define and apply appropriate procedures for collecting.

Inventory preparation 3.Inventory management system 1. Inventory management 11 . Inventory planning 2.

▪ Create QA/QC plan ▪ Define formal approval process within government ▪ Develop review processes ▪ Integrate continuous improvement 12 .Inventory planning ▪ Establish national inventory agency ▪ Assign responsibilities for inventory preparation and management ▪ Develop schedule ▪ Make arrangements to collect data from statistical agencies. companies. etc. industry associations.

Inventory Schedule Oct .Example: U.Dec Jan .S.Feb Gather data and prepare initial estimates Prepare draft report Respond to interagency comments Release for public comment Incorporate public comments Submit Inventory to UN Expert and interagency review 13 .Nov April .September Mid October Late December April 15th Nov .

g..Inventory preparation ▪ Identify key categories ▪ Select methods and emission factors (e. GPG decision trees) ▪ Collect activity data ▪ Manage recalculations ▪ Implement QA/QC plan ▪ Basic checks should be completed on entire inventory (Tier 1) (see GPG Ch. 8) ▪ More in-depth investigations into key sources (Tier 2) ▪ Documentation 14 .

▪ A key category is one that is prioritized within the national inventory system ▪ In general.7) ▪ A key category may also be determined through a qualitative assessment. countries should focus on key categories for resources and improvements 15 .Key categories ▪ A key category has a significant influence on a country’s total inventory in terms of level or trend in emissions (GPG. Ch.

.Inventory management ▪ Implement inventory review processes (e. public review) ▪ Obtain formal approval of final results and report within government ▪ Submit report to UNFCCC ▪ Make inventory information available to stakeholders and respond to information requests ▪ Archive all documentation and results ▪ Continuous improvement feedback 16 .g. expert review.

it is not a valid basis to compare inventories between countries ▪ Uncertainty analysis should be used as a way to investigate the quality of your inventory data and identify ways to improve data quality ▪ You achieve by communicating with data suppliers (e.g.Uncertainty ▪ Uncertainty analysis is a subjective exercise.. as it relies to a large extent on expert judgment ▪ Therefore. statistical agencies) Uncertainty investigations should be integrated within your QA/QC plan! 17 .

Resources ▪ IPCC Guidelines ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines IPCC Good Practice Guidance IPCC LULUCF GPG New 2006 IPCC Guidelines ▪ UNFCCC reporting guidelines ▪ IPCC Emission Factor Database (EFDB) ▪ IPCC software ▪ NCSP booklet on "Managing the GHG inventories process (March 2005) 18 .

ghgnetwork.Other resources… ▪Inventory reports from other Parties UNFCCC website/GHG Data ▪Inventory related reports from other Parties ▪GHG Inventory Experts Network 19 .unfccc.

Closing remarks… ▪ A greenhouse gas inventory is more than just a report. 20 . ▪ A “cookbook” approach to developing a GHG inventory is not practical. ▪ A well constructed inventory should include enough documentation to allow readers to understand the underlying assumptions and to reconstruct the calculations. It should be viewed as an broader analytical program. There will always be a large and essential need for expert judgment at all levels of the process.

edu – Thank you – 21 .mit.Please feel free to email me in the future: Michael Gillenwater gillenwater@alum.

of Energy ENERGY Department of Defense Bureau of Economic Analysis. and Review Panels Industry Journals Mine Safety and Health Administration Supply information about mine-specific ventialtion systems and gas sales data. Trade Groups. Dept. ORNL. including fuel consumed by jets and sailing vessels travelling internationally. National Risk Research Management Research Laboratory Petroleum and Natural Gas Industry Associations. Dept. of Commerce Federal Highway Administration Center for Transportation Analysis. infrastructure statistics. including stationary combustion. Dept. of Commerce Mobile Combustion Federal Aviation Administration Flow of Energy Data Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Data is usually acquired via communications with each branch. Dept. of Energy The EIA publishes a variety of monthly and annual reports and maintains databases which are accessible via the Web. of Transportation Compile data on vehicle numbers and types and provide estimates for domestic transportation fuel consumption. Dept. International Bunker Fuels Energy Use The EIA collects national and worldwide fuel production and consumption data for all energyrelated activities. 22 . including production. Dept. US EPA EPA Mining Companies Coal Mining Provide mine-specific historical information about methane gasrecovery and gas usage.ACTIVITY DATA to US EPA Collect data on transportation fuel combustion. of Interior US EPA. to US EPA The DoD maintains data on fuel consumption for the military. EIA. and consumption. Bureau of the Census. Petroleum and Natural Gas State Petroleum and Natural Gas Agencies Minerals Management Service. Provide information about natural gas and petroleum industries.

It is generally characterized by the following factors: ▪ The chemical or physical identity of the pollutants included ▪ The geographic area covered ▪ The institutional entities covered ▪ The time period over which emissions are estimated ▪ The types of activities that cause emissions 23 .Emission Inventory Basics ▪ An emission inventory is an accounting of the amount of air pollutants discharged into the atmosphere.

communicating results.Inventory Agency Responsibilities ▪ A single national entity to be responsible for the overall inventory ▪ Arrangements with collaborating entities that contribute data. national agencies. research. and archiving ▪ Liaise among government departments. estimate emissions or provide expert reviews ▪ Define legal authority to collect and disseminate data necessary for the preparation of the inventory ▪ Ensure inventory processes are in compliance with COP decisions ▪ Define and apply procedures for collecting data. submitting report. ▪ Ensure the implementation of QA/QC 24 . preparing inventory.

every 2-4 years. etc). annually.Goals  Develop high quality inventory at regular intervals (e.g..  Resources are focused on the most significant emission sources in the country 25 .

Law Dome ice core.500 CH4 Etheridge. Hawaii 1. ppmv 310 290 270 1740 Neftel. and Fraiser. 1994.Atmospheric Concentrations 370 350 330 CO2 Keeling and Whorf. Kalil and Rasmussen. 1999 Mauna Loa.300 1. Siple Station ice core ppbv 1890 1940 1990 1. Pearman. 1994..700 1. et al. 1994.. Dome Concordia. Record from six globally distributed locations.100 900 700 1830 1790 1840 1870 1910 1950 1990 4 3 SF6 pptv 2 1 Sturges et al. 2000 Source: CDIAC 0 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 26 .