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Submitted To: Lect. Rekha Submitted By: Shallu Puri Roll No. 06 1 B.ED (A) 2012-13

Triangles

2

OBJECTIVES

1. To Help Student Understand The Concept Of Triangles. 2. To Help Student Understand Types Of Triangles. 3. To Help Student Understand The Properties Of Triangles. 4. To Help Student To Solve The Problems Related To Properties Of Triangles. 5. To Help Students To Understand The Similarity Of Triangles. 6. To Help Student To Apply The Knowledge Of Triangles In Day To Day Life.

3

CONTENTS

• Introduction • Types of Triangles • Properties of Triangles

4

CAN YOU IDENTIFY THESE SHAPES?

5

**AND THESE SHAPES?
**

THESE ARE ALL TRIANGLES….

6

If A,B,C are three non Collinear points ,the figure made up by three line segments AB,BC and CA is called a Triangle

A

B

C

7

The Six elements of a triangle are1. Side AB 2. Side BC 3.Side AC 4. Angle ABC 5. Angle ACB 6. Angle BAC

A

B

C

8

Types of triangles

9

Equilateral Triangle

6 cm 6 cm

• Has 3 EQUAL sides or 3 EQUAL angles (which will always be 60 degrees)

6 cm

10

Isosceles triangle

• Has 2 EQUAL sides and 2 EQUAL angles 6 cm

6 cm

4 cm

11

Scalene triangle

• Has NO EQUAL sides and NO EQUAL angles

5 cm

13 cm

6 cm

12

Acute triangle

• Each of the 3 angles are less than 90 degrees

40

60

80

13

Right triangle

• One angle is 90 degrees

90

14

Obtuse Triangle

• Has 1 angle greater than 90 degrees

120

15

Properties of Triangles

16

**Angle sum property of a Triangle
**

• The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180˚.

A

A C B

B

17

C

**Angle sum property of a Triangle
**

4 3 5

1

2

Angle 4 + Angle 3 + Angle 5=180º Angle 1 + Angle 3 + Angle 2=180º

18

**Exterior angle property of a Triangle
**

B

A C Angle A + Angle B = Angle BCD

D

19

Exterior angle property of a Triangle

B

A C Angle A + Angle B + Angle BCA=180º Angle BCA + Angle BCD=180º Angle A + Angle B

D

+Angle BCA= Angle BCA+ Angle BCD

**Triangle Inequality Property
**

• The sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the third side. A AB+BC >AC

AB+AC>BC AC+BC>AB

B

C

21

**Triangle Inequality Property
**

A

AB+BC >AC

B

C

22

**Triangle Inequality Property
**

A

AB+AC>BC

B

C

23

**Triangle Inequality Property
**

A

AC+BC>AB

B

C

24

**Lets quickly summarize what we learnt today:
**

• A triangle is a polygon with three sides. • It has six elements viz 3 sides and 3 angles. • Types of triangles: Equilateral, Isosceles and Scalene Triangles. • Properties of triangle: The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180˚. Exterior & Interior Opposite Angles & Triangle Inequality Property. • Remote interior angles: the measures of an exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of measures of its remote interior angles

25

Hope u enjoyed learning about Triangles……

26

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