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in veena_kompella@yahoo.SATYA PRATAP gsp4u.PRESENTED BY G.

CONTENT : Introduction History of Free Space Power Transmission Wireless energy transfer How Does WPT Work WPT Today Solar energy conversion Solar Energy: A limitless source of energy Development of a Functional System Model of the Solar Power Satellite Rectenna Brief introduction of Schottky Barrier Diode Efficiency Applications of WPT Advantages of SPS Conclusion Regency Institute of Technology .

Introduction  A "world system" for "the transmission of electrical energy without wires" that depends upon the electrical conductivity of the earth was proposed by Tesla in 1904.  As wireless technologies were being developed during the early 1900s.  WPT is exactly what the name states. to transfer electrical power from a source to a device without the aid of wires. researchers further investigated these different wireless transmission methods. Regency Institute of Technology .

called a rectenna. Later. which raised the microwave-to-DC conversion efficiency from 40 % to 84 %.History of Free Space Power Transmission A power conversion device from microwave to DC. Glaser in 1968 to meet both space-based and earth-based power needs. Power was successfully transferred from the transmitting large parabolic antenna dish to the distant rectenna site over a distance of 1. and will transmit the generated power via a microwave beam to the receiving rectenna site. The concept of the SPS was First proposed by P. E. The SPS will generate electric power of the order of several hundreds to thousands of megawatts using photovoltaic cells of sizable area. the point contact semiconductor diodes were replaced by silicon Schottky-barrier diodes.6 km. Regency Institute of Technology .Was invented and used for the microwave-powered helicopter. The DC output was 30 kW.

Regency Institute of Technology . Wireless transmission is employed in cases where instantaneous or continuous energy transfer is needed. or impossible.Wireless energy transfer  Wireless energy transfer or wireless power transmission is the process that takes place in any system where electrical energy is transmitted from a power source to an electrical load. without interconnecting wires. hazardous. the efficiency is a more critical parameter and this creates important differences in these technologies.  With wireless energy transfer. but interconnecting wires are inconvenient.

 Solar power is a truly unlimited energy supply.  The mechanisms of converting from RF energy to DC c and vise versa are the same for all WPT systems. that will be transmitted is first tapped from the main power grid at about 50Hz AC.  The process of converting DC to RF starts with the power.How Does WPT Work?  Wireless power transfer is a varied and complicated process. Regency Institute of Technology . A constant transmission of energy from the satellites down to earth would prove that there would be no need for costly storage devices to hold excess energy.  However problems occur when trying to implement a WPT system . The voltage is then reduced to a viable load for rectifying into DC.

Dr Joseph Hawkins and William Brown are experimenting with a fully operational microwave powered helicopter that was publicly demonstrated in 1995 at a conference for WPT in Japan. Japan has created an energy plan that states that 30% of the worlds electrical needs will come from space by the year 2040.S. the cyclotron was tested to have greater than 74% efficiency. Another experiment titled ISY-METS is one of the most successful among recent years. Regency Institute of ..WPT Today  WPT is becoming a world renowned idea and is in a position to change the society in countless ways. The equipment is not being developed but the plan is to have a series of solar powered satellites that would provide 1 GW of power each to the main power grid.  This proved to be one of the most important steps toward developing a solid WPT system.  Being concerned about global warming.  In the U.  Using magnetic induction to make the conversion.

 . and long-distance transmission from desert areas to population centers. A limitless source of energy The solar energy that reaches the Earth is about 10. Silicon or Gallium Arsenide) to directly convert sunlight photons into electric potential.time and when it's cloudy.Solar energy conversion  Two methods of converting photons to electricity have been studied. PV uses semiconductors (e. large scale energy storage for supply during the night. Solar Dynamic (SD) and Photovoltaic (PV).000 times total human energy production today and the energy available in near-Earth space is limitless. solar systems on Earth need much greater area for collection. Commonly known as “Solar cells”.g. But in order to supply continuous electric power. Regency Institute of Technology .

the rectenna.  SPS has the shape like a triangular prism as shown in Figure 2. the spacetenna has to be a huge phased.  The primary objective of SPS research is to show whether SPS could be realized with the present technology and to find out technical problems. Regency Institute of Technology .45 GHz is assigned to transmit power to the earth.Development of a Functional System Model of the Solar Power Satellite  SPS is a strawman model of solar power satellites with microwave power output of 10 MW. Therefore.array antenna in size with a retro directive beam control capability.  SPS moves on an equatorial LEO at an altitude of 1100km.  So. A frequency of 2. microwave circuits are connected to each antenna element and driven by DC power generated in the huge solar panels.  The spacetenna directs a microwave power beam to the position where a pilot signal is transmitted from a groundbased segment of power system.

 A simple rectenna can be constructed from a schottky diode placed between antenna dipoles as shown in Fig.  In future rectennas will be used to generate large-scale power from microwave beams delivered from orbiting SPS satellites.  A rectenna comprises of a mesh of dipoles and diodes for absorbing microwave  energy from a transmitter and converting it into electric power. Rectenna are highly efficient at converting microwave energy to electricity. Regency Institute of Technology . The diode rectifies the current induced in the antenna by the microwaves.Rectenna  It is a special type of antenna that rectifies the incoming microwave radiation into DC current and hence thename Rectenna. 1.

its working scope may reach 20 GH Regency Institute of Technology . Below is the comparison of power consumption between a common diode and a Schottky barrier diode:    P=0.  a Schottky barrier diode is formed by connecting a metal with a semiconductor.6*1=0.1W  Another advantage of the Schottky barrier diode is a very low noise index that is very important for a communication receiver. while a common diode is a  minority carrier device.1*1=1.  A Schottky barrier diode is a majority carrier device.6W P=1.Brief introduction of Schottky Barrier Diode  A Schottky barrier diode is different from a common P/N silicon diode.

Generally wirelessly transmitted energy is dispersed as the energy radiates into the environment or is lost as heat at the transmitter or receiver. such as with lasers or large microwave dishes. or The energy is able to be formed into a tight beam. Regency Institute of Technology . wireless energy transfer works best at short range. Generally.Efficiency The efficiency of wireless power is the ratio between power that reaches the receiver and the power supplied to the transmitter. Although long distances are possible if the transmitters and receivers are physically large.

 More long-term.  This allows systems to avoid the expensive storage facilities (eg. unaffected by weather. lakes behind dams) necessary in many earth-based renewable or low impact power generation systems.  There is no air in space. if not limiting the satellites to orbiting Earth. the potential amount of power production is enormous.Advantages  The SPS concept arose because space has several major advantages over earth for the collection of solar power. so the satellites would receive somewhat more intense sunlight. Regency Institute of Technology .

Roads will adapt to have wireless chargers spaced so far apart so a car will be able to run endlessly. Regency Institute of Technology . Once the range reaches around twenty meters. consumers can notice cars converting to completely electric with the capability of being wireless charged.APPLICATIONS Wireless power transfer has the ability to change the world with all the different applications it has to offer. entire homes will be able to be charged by a single transmitter located close to the home. Once wireless power transfer becomes more advanced. The first applications that consumers are most likely to see would be a charging station that will range from about one to five meters. the scale of applications can begin to grow. Wireless power transfer charging systems are proven to have efficiencies near that of conventional charging devices. Wireless power transfer also has an application in the medical field. Once this point emerges.

 The wireless system would combine electrical power transmission along with broadcasting and wireless telecommunications. Regency Institute of Technology . allowing for the elimination of many existing high-tension power transmission lines and facilitate the interconnection of electrical generation plants on a global scale.Conclusion  From the above presentation we concluded that through use of wireless power reception through Rectenna is helpful for power generation throughout 365 days in a year. With out any shortages it is prefered to use this technique in developing countries like India for power generation.

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