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Ministry of Science and Technology Yangon Technological University Department of Electrical Power Engineering

Analysis of Power System Stability for Industrial Zone
Second Seminar ( 26.12.2012 )
Supervised by Dr. Wint Wint Kyaw Presented by Mg Soe Thura Nyein Ph.D EP -2 Ph.D (Engineering ) 6th Batch
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Aims and Objectives
• To analyze the industrial power system stability and optimize the networks costs • To increase of power supply quality up to developed countries level • To construct and plan the own industrial network design
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Outline of Presentation • Introduction • Requirement of Smart Industrial Zone • Transient Stability • Feeder Position of Actual Industrial Zone • Ideal Industrial Zone • Planning Standards • Analytical Frameworks • Further Study 3 .

Types of security violations & consequences Overloaded X’mer/line has higher tripping likelihood. resulting in loss of another element. voltage or dynamic insecurity Overload Security Dynamic security can result in loss of generation. Voltage instability can result in widespread loss SmallLargeSlow Fast of load. possible cascading. growing oscillations can Security cause large power swings to enter relay trip zones Voltage Security Dynamic Security Xfmr overload Line overload Cascading overloads Low voltage affects EarlyOscillatory Low Unstable swing instability load and generation Voltage Voltage instability (damping) operation. voltage collapse voltage collapse disturbance instability disturbance 4 instability .

Requirements of a Smart Industrial Zone Power system studies and optimization Excellent planning leads to excellent results Asset management solutions Knowing exactly where to act Software and support Professional tools for professional work 5 .

6 .Transient Stability Transient Stability • Each generator operates at the same synchronous speed and frequency of 50 hertz while a delicate balance between the input mechanical power and output electrical power is maintained. • The ability of power system to survive the transition following a large disturbance and reach an acceptable operating condition is called transient stability.

Classification of Types of Stability Long-Term Stability Few Minutes to Several Minutes Mid-Term Stability 10 seconds to Few Minutes Short-Term or Transient Stability 0 to 10 seconds Range of Time Periods 7 .

Transient Stability Levelling Transmission network connected generators – high fault levels – high inertia – high-speed protection high transient stability Distribution network connected generators – low fault levels – low inertia – slow-speed protection 8 low transient stability .

Hlaing Thar Yar Industrial Zone (Actual) Hlaing Thar Yar S/S (100 MVA) Hlawga S/S (280 MVA) 33 kV. 300 A (each) Hlaing Thar Yar IZ Allowable 50 MVA 9 . 300 A (each) 33 kV.

Industrial systems • Motor behavior • System protection • Transient analysis • Harmonic analysis • Filter design • Energy efficiency • etc 10 .

Amp and Time Curve for a Line Daily Load Cycle of Hlaing Thar Yar Line 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 0:00 Daily Load Cycle 11 .

Power System Operation States Normal Restorative Alert In-extremis Emergency 12 .

Ideal Industrial Zone From Electricity Supply From Back-up Supply Ideal IZ Allowable 50 MVA up to Back-up withstand 13 .

Planning Standards Four major topics are: • • • • System Adequacy and Security System Modeling Data Requirements System Protection and Control System Restoration 14 .

System Modeling Data Requirements • • • • • System Data Generation Equipment Facility Ratings Actual and Forecast Demands Demand Characteristics (Dynamic) 15 .

the coal handling equipment etc.System Restoration System Black Start Capability the necessary to establish initial generation that can be supply electric power to other system generation to handle the supply to the auxiliaries in the power plant. sequence in which tie lines etc. Automatic Restoration of Load the automatic load restoration plan would require careful analysis of the setting of relays used to restore load automatically. 16 .

• Continuation Methods – A popular and robust technique to obtain full PV and/or QV curves is the continuation method. 17 .Analytical Frameworks • Power Flow Analysis – Partial PV and QV curves can be readily calculated using power flow programs.

18 .continued • Optimization or Direct Methods – The maximum loading point can be directly computed using optimization-based methodologies. • Time Scale Decomposition – The PV and QV relations produced results corresponding to an end state of the system where all tap changers and control actions have taken place in time and the load characteristics were restored to a constant power characteristic.

but also the frequency of long interruptions.Mitigation of Voltage • From Fault to Trip – To understand the various ways of mitigation. 19 . • Reducing the Number of Faults – Reducing the number of short-circuit faults in a system not only reduces the sag frequency. the mechanism leading to an equipment trip needs to be understood.

20 .Continued: • Reducing the Fault-Clearing Time – Reducing the fault-clearing time does not reduce the number of events. but only their severity. • Changing the Power System – Install a generator near the sensitive load.

Further Study To analyze: • The Balance Fault and • Unbalance Fault. Some types of fault apply to my ideal IZ – Single Line to Ground fault – Double Line to Ground fault – Line to Line fault – Three Phase fault 21 .

• Prabha Shankar Kundur. • Goran Andersson.. Consequence and Impact of Electric Utility Industry Restructuring on Transient Stability. editor . • Mansour.References • NERC Planning Standards. Dynamics and Control of Electric Power Systems. • Leonard L. http://www.com/standards/ • Vijay Vittal. 1994. 2010. pp 470-482. Analytical Tools. Y. 2002. Grigsgy. and Industry Experience. 22 .nerc. Electric Power Engineering Handbook: Power System Stability and Control. Voltage Stability of Power Systems: Concepts. IEEE Special Publication #90TH0358–2-PWR. 1990. 2008. Power System Stability and Control from Power System Engineering Series.

Thanks for Your Attention 23 .