• To re-inforce the importance of non smoking • To emphasize the ill effects of smoking

Center for Disease Control
• Smoking causes death. • Smoking causes an estimated 90% of all lung cancer deaths in men and 80% of all lung cancer deaths in women. • An estimated 90% of all deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease are caused by smoking.

Why do you think people smoke?
• Three of the main reasons that young people smoke are: • 1. To look mature • 2. To be like their friends • 3. To experiment

Other reasons for smoking:
• A lot of stress and pressures because of economic and personal problems

Whether young or old, some people smoke to control their weight

I enjoy it. It’s relaxing to me. It tastes good, too. Right after dinner with a cup of coffee—it’s HEAVEN. Or with an ice cold beer- that’s ectasy. I get tired of reading in the newspaper, they say itsnot good for you. I’ve been smoking for 20 years. I feel better now than I have in years.

In 22 months, I lost 3 uncles, my mother, and grandmother. I started for nerves, and I guess you could say it’s a habit-like people drinking coffee or coca cola. People get addicted. Courtesy of The Boston Globe: interview by Ric Kahn

Why is cigarette smoke dangerous?
• Smoking is dangerous because smoke contains more than four thousand poisonous substances which cause various diseases, even death.


Familiar Chemicals in Cigarettes
Chemical DDT formaldehyde Found in: insecticides to preserve dead bodies

sulfuric acid
cadmium freon geranic acid methoprene maltitol

car batteries
used to recharge batteries damages earth's ozone layer a fragrance a pesticide a sweetener not permitted to be used in foods in the U.S.

Sources: Dr. Joel Dunnington, Tobacco Almanac, Revised, May 1993.

carbon monoxide

car exhaust

tar arsenic ammonia hydrogen cyanide cyanide acetone

bug sprays
material to make roads rat poison cleaning products gas chamber poison deadly poison nail polish remover


cigarette lighter fluid

Nonsmokers vs. Smokers

Source: CDC

How is cigarette smoking related to cancer?


Ill Effects of smoking:
• Smoking is dangerous because it has effects on the respiratory system and cardiovascular system. • One of the most dreaded effects of smoking is lung cancer.


What diseases can result from cigarette smoking?
Smoking causes • lung disease, • heart and blood vessel disease, • cancer, and other illness.
– One of four smokers dies of diseases directly related to smoking. – Many others suffer years of pain, ill health, and discomfort.


Smoking causes the following cancers: • • • • • • • • Acute myeloid leukemia Bladder cancer Cancer of the cervix Cancer of the esophagus Kidney cancer Cancer of the larynx (voice box) Lung cancer Cancer of the oral cavity (mouth) Cancer of the pharynx (throat) Stomach cancer Cancer of the uterus

• •

How does smoking harm the lungs?

Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of emphysema

smoker's cough

more and more phlegm, colds and flu, bronchitis, pneumonia

raises your blood pressure by constricting your blood vessels and making your heart work faster

How does smoking cause heart and blood vessel disease?
circulation problems

promotes fat build-up on the walls of your arteries, resulting in heart disease and heart attack

stroke, blindness; impotence

• What other ill effects does smoking cause?

less healthy, less fit, and less likely to succeed in life
It makes breathing harder, causes wheezing, coughing, and headaches

premature wrinkling of the skin

it stains your teeth and fingernails,

Bad Breath

damages your sense of taste and smell

increased risk for hip fracture

Postmenopaus al women who smoke have lower bone density

low birth weight

Effects of Smoking in women
preterm delivery

Effects of Smoking to non smokers:
• passive, involuntary, or second-hand smoke • 35% increased risk of getting lung cancer compared to non-smokers living with fellow non-smokers • Smokers' children are more likely to get bronchitis, pneumonia, and other chest infections, especially in their first year of life.

Benefits of Quitting Smoking
Within one week • Taste and smell dramatically improve • Most physical withdrawal symptoms disappear • Fetus is free of nicotine • Teeth are whiter and mouth is fresher

Within one month
• • • • • Circulation improves Blood platelets are activated Respiratory problems decrease Energy and stamina increase Pulse rate and blood pressure decrease


• • • • • •

Hands and feet are warmer Heart beat returns to normal Stomach ulcer risk is minimized Shortness of breath is reduced Immune system is boosted Skin color and tone are improved

Long term benefits
• Pancreatic cancer risk is reduced 10 years after quitting, as compared to a continuing smoker. • Peripheral artery disease risk is reduced compared to a continuing smoker. • Stroke risk is reduced to that of a nonsmoker 5-15 years after quitting.

• Risk of mouth, throat, and esophagus cancer is halved 5 years after quitting, as compared to a continuing smoker. • Laryngeal cancer risk is reduced as compared to a continuing smoker. • Excess risk for coronary heart disease is halved one year after quitting. The risk

equals that of a non-smoker 15 year after quitting.

• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease risk of death is reduced after long-term quitting, as compared to a continuing smoker.
• Lung cancer risk halved about 10 years after quitting, as compared to a continuing smoker. • Ulcer risk is reduced after quitting, as compared to a continuing smoker.

• Bladder cancer risk if halved a few years after quitting, as compared to a continuing smoker. • Cervical cancer risk is reduced a few years after quitting, as compared to a continuing smoker. • Low birthweight baby risk is reduced to that of a non-smoker for women who quit before pregnancy or during the first trimester.

Ten Weapons To Kill An Urge To Smoke
• I prefer to be smoke-free. • I choose to be tobacco-free. • I love being free from smoking. • Brush -• your teeth with mint toothpaste. • your hair. • your body with a soft towel. • Chew -• vegetable sticks (celery, carrots). • sunflower seeds. • sugarless gum.

Drink -water every hour. fruit and vegetable juice. a glass of milk. Exercise -your legs your arms your body Freshen up with -five deep breaths. a warm shower. personal grooming.

Go for -• a five minute break. • a hundred count backwards. • help from a friend. Hold -• out for five minutes. • onto a friend. • something in your hands.

Imagine -your life free of cigarettes.

Join -a support group. a service club. an anti-smoking movement.

In summary:
look mature lung diseases Esophagus Ca

control weight

like their friends

heart and blood vessel disease
Acute myeloid leukemia

Kidney cancer


Stomach cancer stains teeth and fingernails

Bladder cancer

Cervix Cancer

Bad Breath

• So next time before you light a stick of cigarette, think twice.
• Life is a matter of choice…. • Your decision matters… • what kind of life will you chose?

The Answer is Obvious…. DO NOT SMOKE

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