FORM BE + V-ING I am driving / I’m driving You are driving / You’re driving He / She is driving / He’s is driving It is raining / It’s raining We are driving / We’re driving They are driving / They’re driving .

FORM Possible mistakes” V-ing alone (without the verb BE) * I driving * You driving… .

-oe. -nge dye → dyeing hoe → hoeing [a sapa] singe → singeing [a arde usor / a parli] .ye.SPELLING 1) final unpronounced /mute (–e) deletion come →coming drive → driving type → typing Exceptions: Verbs ending in: .

SPELLING 2) Doubling of final consonant .spelt with a single letter hit >>> hitting run >>> running forgēt >>> forgētting prefēr >>> prefērring occūr >>> occūrring .stressed and .When the vowel that precedes the final single consonant letter is .

SPELLING But ēnter >>> ēntering vīsit >>> vīsiting bleed >>> bleeding plead >>> pleading .

SPELLING EXCEPTIONS trāvel >>> trāvelling / trāveling (AmE only) prōgram(me) >>> prōgramming prōgram >>> prōgraming (AmE only) wōrship >>> wōrshipping / wōrshiping (AmE only) kīdnap >>> kīdnapping / kīdnaping (AmE) pānic >>> pānicking trāffic >>> trāfficking fōcus >>> fōcusing or fōcussing .

SPELLING 3) – ie >>> .y lie >>> lying die >>> dying tie >>> tying .

at ST (with durative verbs: activity verbs and accomplishments) He’s sleeping at the moment He’s still talking to his friend I’ll be with you in a minute. I’m just finishing something in the kitchen .USES 1) to express something that is happening / developing / unfolding now.

USES Adverbs” now at the moment just now presently (UK – formal) still .

. but this week we are going by train I‘m reading an interesting book. for a limited period of time We usually go to London by plane.USES 2) to express an action that happens temporarily. My father is using it. What’s your daughter doing these days Don’t take the ladder.

USES 3) to express the speaker’s irritation / annoyance for something that happens too often He’s always crying at 5 am. . Our burglar alarm is forever going off for no reason I’m always forgetting people’s birthdays.

USES Adverbs always forever constantly continually .

USES 4) to express transition from one state to another (get. grow. become) It’s getting dark Our parents are growing older and older People are becoming less tolerant of smoking these days British summers are getting hotter and winters are getting wetter . turn.

USES 5) to express a future arrangement We’re spending next winter in Australia I’m meeting my friend tomorrow What are you doing tomorrow? .

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