Protecting yourself against STIs

Using condoms, and dental dams

Condom History
The use of male condoms can be traced back several thousand years. It is known that around 1000 BC the ancient Egyptians used a linen sheath for protection against disease.

EFFECTIVENESS
With perfect use, the condom is 98% effective. With typical use, the condom is 85% effective.

Condoms must be used consistently and correctly to provide maximum protection. Consistent use means using a condom from start to finish with each act of intercourse.

Getting READY
Choose a latex condom. Exceptions for those with allergies WATER based lubricant ONLY. NO Vaseline, baby oil, etc.

Condoms come in a variety of shapes. Most have a reservoir tip although some do have a plain tip. Condoms may be regular shaped (with straight sides), form fit (indented below the head of the penis), or they may be flared (wider over the head of the penis).

Steps to effective condom use
STEP 1 Check the condom package for:
Wear and tear – don’t store in your car or your wallet. An expiration date

Pinch the condom down to the lower half of the package. Gently tear the package open – do not use your teeth or any sharp object.

Steps to effective condom use continued
STEP 2

Lubricant may be placed inside the tip of the condom. Lubricant MUST be water based.

Steps to effective condom use continued
STEP 3 Place the rolled condom over the tip of the fully erect, pinching the reservoir between your fingers (if the condom does not have a reservoir top, pinch the tip of the condom enough to leave a half inch space for semen to collect). If the man is not circumcised, then pull back the foreskin before rolling on the condom.

Steps to effective condom use continued
STEP 4 Pinch the air out of the condom tip with one hand and unroll the condom over the penis with the other hand. Roll the condom all the way down to the base of the penis, and smooth out any air bubbles. (Air bubbles can cause a condom to break.)

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STEP 5 If you want to use some extra lubrication, put it on the outside of the condom.

You are ready for sex at this point.

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STEP 6 After ejaculation, while still erect, the man should hold the condom secure while withdrawing his penis to help prevent the condom from coming off or spilling. Never use the same condom twice.

REMEMBER!!!
There is no minimum age for buying condoms in the state of CA. It is your right to protect yourself. You are ultimately responsible for protecting your body whether you choose to abstain or you choose to use a condom and/or other protective devices.

The FEMALE CONDOM
The female condom has several advantages over the male condom. It's use is controlled by the woman, and it covers more surface area. This allows it to protect more thoroughly against STDs that are spread through skin-to-skin contact. It can also be inserted earlier on during foreplay, or even up to 8 hours before you have sex, since it doesn't require an erect penis to use.

Here's How: Check the expiration date on the condom, and open the package. Unroll the condom and find the ring on the closed end. Find a comfortable position, such as squatting, sitting on the toilet, lying down, or standing with one leg raised. Squeeze the ring (on the closed end) together with your thumb and middle finger, and insert that end of the condom into your vagina. Put your index or middle finger into the condom, and push the ring you've inserted as far into your vagina as it will go. The ring at the open end should remain outside of the vagina. During intercourse, guide the penis into the outside, open ring of the condom. (If the outer ring slips into the vagina during intercourse, you should remove the female condom and replace it with a new one.) After intercourse, twist the outside end of the condom gently to close it off and hold in the semen. Gently pull the condom from the body.

Dental Dam
A protect covering to be used during oral – genital or oral - anal stimulation. Can use a cut up condom

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