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TERRORISM

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

INFORMATION OBJECTIVE
® Become familiar with the nature of terrorist

threat. ® Vulnerability of military personnel and dependents to terrorist acts. ® Personal protective measures that can be employed to prevent such acts.
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

DEFINITION
The calculated use of violence or the threat of violence to attain political, religious or ideological goals... it involves a criminal act that is often symbolic...all to influence an audience beyond the immediate victims.

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

TERRORISM
® VIOLENCE FOR EFFECT ® THEATER OF THE OBSCENE ® AIMED AT THE

PEOPLE WATCHING

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
® In circa 6-70AD, Jewish zealots killed non-

conformists. ® In the eleventh century, Iranians introduced martyrdom. ® In 1793 thru 1794, terror used during french revolution. ® In 1870 thru 1900, new strategy introduced.
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

TERRORIST TACTICS
ASSASSINATION ® ARSON ® BOMBING ® HOSTAGE-TAKING ® KIDNAPPING
®

RAIDS ® SEIZURE ® SABOTAGE ® HIJACKING ® HOAXES
®

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

TYPICAL SMALLER TERRORIST GROUP
40 - 50 MEMBERS

COMMAND ELEM ENT IN T E L L IG E N C E S E C T IO N SUPPORT S E C T IO N T A C T IC A L U N IT S

EACH UNIT HAS 2-3 CELLS OF 2-5 PERSONS EACH

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

TERRORIST GROUP STRUCTURE
HARDCORE LEADERSHIP ACTIVE CADRE ACTIVE SUPPORT PASSIVE SUPPORT

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

®PLANNERS ®OFTEN PARANOID ®LEADERS ®OFTEN LEGITIMATE

HARDCORE LEADERSHIP
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

ACTIVE CADRE
® THE TRAINERS ® THE ACTION ARM ® MOST OFTEN CRIMINALS ® UNCONSCIOUS NEED FOR

POWER AND ACCEPTANCE
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

ACTIVE SUPPORT
® MONEY, WEAPONS, SAFE-HOUSES,

DROPS, DOCUMENTS ® THE GOFERS ( FOLLOWER-JOINER ) ® PROFESSIONALS ( DOCTORS, LAWYERS )
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

PASSIVE SUPPORT
® MAY OR MAY NOT BE SYMPATHETIC

TO CAUSE ® MAY BE UNKNOWING ® PERHAPS IGNORANT ® OFTEN BASED ON DESIRE TO NOT GET INVOLVED
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

PROFILE
® AGE 22 - 35 ® SEX - 50% MALE ® SINGLE ® URBAN ORIGIN ® MIDDLE CLASS ® MARXIST ® 2/3 UNIVERSITY

TRAINING ® RECRUITED FROM UNIVERSITIES OR PRISONS

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

Questions?

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

THE TERRORIST THREAT
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

U.S POLICY ON TERRORISM
Condem all terrorist acts. ® Take all lawful measures to prevent terrorist acts. ® Concessions will not be made to terrorist extortions. ® Host governments are expected to obtain safe release of hostages. ® Support host governments with intelligence and technical support. ® Encourage international efforts to combat terrorism.
®

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

TERRORIST THREAT CONDITIONS
WHITE NONSPECIFIC THREAT YELLOW SPECIFIC THREAT RED IMMINENT THREAT

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

WHO IS AT RISK
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

U.S. PERSONNEL DON’T BLEND IN.....
®DRESS ®LANGUAGE ®MANNERISM ®LIFESTYLE

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84th Chemical Battalion

I AM AN AMERICAN

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

Questions?

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

TRANSIT
WEAK LINK
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

PERSONAL PROTECITION While traveling…..
Vary times and routes. ® Check for suspicious activity or objects around your car. ® Drive with the windows closed and doors locked. ® Travel with a group of people. There is safety in numbers. ® Do not always use the same taxi or bus stop. Buses are preferred over taxis.
®

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

VEHICLE
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

Check for smudges or tool marks around windows, doors, trunk and hood.

Check undercarriage for unexplained wires or packages, also look for items under tires.
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

AIRCRAFT TRAVEL
® Fly U.S. carrier whenever possible. ® Do not change reservations by phone. ® Leave early for airport. ® Once in terminal move to secured area.

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

® Be observant for suspicious persons. ® Do not give your room number to strangers. ® Keep your room and personal effects neat

PERSONAL PROTECTION In hotels….

and orderly. ® Know the location of emergency exits and fire extinguishers. ® Do not admit strangers to your room.
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

RESIDENCE SELECTION
® Consider the location of the home in which

you want to live. ® Avoid one-way streets and dead ends. ® Choose a neighborhood with adequate lighting. ® Off street parking or a garage is desirable.
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

PERSONAL PROTECTION At home….
® Install strong locks on doors and windows. ® Light up the outside of the house. ® Install one-way viewing devices in doors. ® Consider owning a dog to discourage

intruders.
United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

PERSONAL PROTECTION At all times….
Be alert to suspicious persons or activities. ® Know local emergency numbers; carry “phone change”. ® Know location of civilian/military police and other safe areas. ® Know “help” phrases in the native language. ® Keep a low profile; avoid publicity. ® Watch for unexplained absences of local citizens.
®

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

PERSONAL PROTECTION GUIDELINES
®LOW PROFILE ®FAMILY AWARENESS ®TRAVEL PRECAUTION

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

AWARENESS + COMMON SENSE
= REDUCTION OF RISK

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion

THE END

United States Army Chemical School
84th Chemical Battalion