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Centrifugal Pump

Performance Experiment
Presented by: Steven King

ME 498 Senior lab
November 16, 2004

Overview of Presentation  Objectives  Methodology and Background  Experimental Setup  Discussion of Results  Conclusions and Recommendations .

Objectives  Become familiar with centrifugal pump operation  Analyze the principles of fluid flow at 5 different shaft speeds  Evaluate pump performance .

0 (5) 2  P2  P1   V2 2  V12    Hp    Z 2  Z1    2g  g    P 1    4 .75.Methodology and Background  Key Equations B (1) Cd  0.907  6.55x10-4 ΔP and was recorded during experiment.53 ReD (2) R ED Vt  2 D1   (3) (4) Vt  C d  Q  C d AtVt Assumptions: Β= . ρ=998. and μ=9.

 Key Equations Continued (6)  W pump  QP2  P1  (7)  pump QP2  P1   T Affinity Laws Q 2  Q1 N2 N1  N2   Hp2  Hp1   N1  2  N2   P2  P1   N1  3 .Methodology and Background Cont.

Experimental Setup Overall System Schematic .

Experimental Setup Cont. .

Experimental Setup Cont. = 2 in = 1.5 in Venturi Flow Meter .

8 7.8 470.12 P (W) 906.6 20.92 9.7% Affinity Law Results Value found from Experiment Q (m3/s) 1165 RPM % Difference 5.43 Hp (m) 7.33 15.Results  Uncertainty Values for Experiment   wQ = 38.03 Hp (m) 12.58 7.06 12.96 Q (m3/s) 1530 RPM Calculated Using Affinity Laws .0% wη = 39.4 15.49E-03 6.55 P (W) 435.30E-03 5.1 1066.61E-03 5.96E-03 7.

49 R2 = 0.2 RPM 992.285.32x + 10. Pump Head vs.8 RPM 4 2 y = -54121x .9559 2 1165 RPM 1352 RPM 1530 RPM 0 1.26x + 8.53x + 17.5E-03 7.708 R2 = 0.3396 2 R = 0.Results Cont.77x + 7.9945 8 2 y = -37652x .5E-03 5.664 2 R = 0.198x + 14. Flow Rate 20 18 2 y = -130514x + 273.9972 10 y = -123314x2 + 197.5E-03 .999 16 Pump Head (m) 14 12 y = -109848x2 + 75.9714 6 900.5E-03 8.192.5E-03 4.5E-03 3.0513 2 R = 0.5E-03 2.5E-03 Flow Rate (m^3/s) 6.

0E-03 Flow Rate (m^3/s) 6.0087 R2 = 0.37x . Pump Efficiency vs.0E-03 7.0E-03 4.Results Cont.0.0.0E-03 3.0E+00 1.8 y = -9353.32x + 0.0 0.9987 900.8x2 + 151.8 RPM 0.0E-03 5.2 RPM 992.5 y = -9886.0003 R2 = 0.33x + 0.0E-03 8.87x .0023 2 R = 0.0014 R2 = 0.9985 0.9976 0.0E-03 2.3 y = -15032x2 + 166.0027 R2 = 0. Flow Rate 0.0.7 0.2 1165 RPM 1352 RPM 1530 RPM 0.6 Pump Efficiency 2 y = -19075x + 183.4 y = -15468x2 + 165.9955 0.9989 0.91x .1x2 + 165.0E-03 .1 0.

5 0.1 1352 RPM 1530 RPM 0.0.0008 2 R = 0.0027x + 0.Results Cont. Pump Efficiency vs.0017 2 R = 0.001x + 0.2 900.0003 R2 = 0. Pump Power to Fluid 0.9988 2 y = -4E-08x + 0.4 0.0015x .9999 0.9985 2 y = -1E-06x + 0.0032 2 R = 0.9996 y = -2E-07x + 0.6 Pump Efficiency 2 y = -3E-06x + 0.3 0.0.8 0.2 RPM 992.0008x + 0.9992 0.0009 2 R = 0.8 RPM 1165 RPM 0.0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Pump Power (Watts) 700 800 900 1000 .7 2 y = -2E-06x2 + 0.0021x .

9984 700 600 y = -8E+06x2 + 126678x .2309 R2 = 0.15.3 R2 = 0.0E-03 5. Pump Power to Fluid vs.0432 R2 = 0.0E-03 3.0E-03 7.0E-03 8.999 100 992. Flow Rate 1000 y = -1E+07x2 + 214130x .0E-03 .Results Cont.9978 900 Pump Power (Watts) 800 y = -1E+07x2 + 168878x .0E-03 2.2 RPM 200 y = -5E+06x2 + 73781x .8 RPM 1165 RPM 1352 RPM 1530 RPM 0 0.0.8.0E-03 Flow Rate (m^3/s) 6.999 300 900.5836 R2 = 0.3415 R2 = 0.0E-03 4.9983 500 400 y = -5E+06x2 + 85850x .4.0.0E+00 1.

Conclusions and Recommendations     All R2 were above .95 with most being above .99 The best overall efficiency was approximately 70% for an RPM of 1530 The use of pressure gauges and dynamometer that are less affected by vibration would improve results A more accurate method of recording voltage and current would also improve the results .