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Nerium Oleander

Outline of the Discussion
Basic Information
Toxins Present Receptors Uses Symptoms and Treatment

http://www.com .rightdiagnosis. The plant originated from Eurasia and is often used as an ornamental plant.Nerium Oleander is a flowering shrub or small tree which bears clusters of flowers.

Toxins  Cardiac Glycosides  nerioside oleandroside saponins  Digitoxigenin  Neriin  Oleandrin .

Oleandroside .Toxins Oleandrin Oleandrigenin (16-Acetylgitoxigenin).

Toxins Saponin consist of a polycyclic aglycone that is either a choline steroid or triterpenoid attached via C3 and an ether bond to a sugar side chain .

Toxins Digitoxigenin obtained especially by hydrolysis of digitoxin .

β.γ .Receptors Peroxisome Proliferator-activatedreceptor.(PPAR-) Α.

protein).Receptors PPARs play essential roles in the regulation of cellular differentiation. and metabolism (carbohydrate. and tumorigenesis of higher organisms. lipid. . development.

Uses • used for heart conditions • painful menstrual periods • asthma • epilepsy • Leprosy • malaria • Cancer • venereal disease • ringworm • indigestion .

Poisoning can also happen if you eat honey made by bees that used the oleander plant for nectar or when inhaled smoke from the oleander leaves are http://health.Toxicity Oleander poisoning occurs when someone sucks nectar from the flowers or chews leaves from the oleander or yellow oleander plant.nytimes.com .

diminished appetite.livestrong. drowsiness.Symptoms Nerium oleander toxicity typically arise within a few hours after consuming this plant. This include nausea. http://www.com . dizziness or dilated pupils. vomiting. bloody diarrhea.

Symptoms Handling Nerium oleander may also cause skin irritation. http://www.com . such as redness or itching.livestrong.

ears. and throat Blurred vision Vision disturbances.com .nytimes. including halos Heart and blood Irregular or slow heartbeat Low blood pressure Weakness http://health.Complications Eyes. nose. mouth.

nytimes.Complications Gastrointestinal Diarrhea Loss of appetite Nausea Stomach pain Vomiting http://health.com .

Complications Nervous system Confusion Drowsiness Death Depression Fainting Headache Disorientation Dizziness Lethargy http://health.nytimes.com .

livestrong.com .Treatment • activated charcoal in conjunction with intravenous fluids • gastric lavage http://www.

Treatment • breathing support and electrocardiogram • Digoxin-specific antibody fragments http://www.livestrong.com .

com/o/oleander_poiso ning/intro.nytimes.References • http://www.com/health/guides/poison/ oleander/overview.rightdiagnosis.html • http://www.livestrong.com/article/395483nerium-oleander-toxicity/#ixzz2GQ6blvWV • http://health.com/journals/ije/2012/94 7187/ .htm • http://www.hindawi.

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