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Nerium Oleander

Outline of the Discussion
Basic Information
Toxins Present Receptors Uses Symptoms and Treatment .rightdiagnosis. The plant originated from Eurasia and is often used as an ornamental plant.Nerium Oleander is a flowering shrub or small tree which bears clusters of flowers.

Toxins  Cardiac Glycosides  nerioside oleandroside saponins  Digitoxigenin  Neriin  Oleandrin .

Oleandroside .Toxins Oleandrin Oleandrigenin (16-Acetylgitoxigenin).

Toxins Saponin consist of a polycyclic aglycone that is either a choline steroid or triterpenoid attached via C3 and an ether bond to a sugar side chain .

Toxins Digitoxigenin obtained especially by hydrolysis of digitoxin .

β.γ .Receptors Peroxisome Proliferator-activatedreceptor.(PPAR-) Α.

protein).Receptors PPARs play essential roles in the regulation of cellular differentiation. and metabolism (carbohydrate. and tumorigenesis of higher organisms. lipid. . development.

Uses • used for heart conditions • painful menstrual periods • asthma • epilepsy • Leprosy • malaria • Cancer • venereal disease • ringworm • indigestion .

Poisoning can also happen if you eat honey made by bees that used the oleander plant for nectar or when inhaled smoke from the oleander leaves are http://health.Toxicity Oleander poisoning occurs when someone sucks nectar from the flowers or chews leaves from the oleander or yellow oleander .

diminished appetite.livestrong. drowsiness.Symptoms Nerium oleander toxicity typically arise within a few hours after consuming this plant. This include nausea. . dizziness or dilated pupils. vomiting. bloody diarrhea.

Symptoms Handling Nerium oleander may also cause skin irritation. . such as redness or itching.livestrong.

ears. and throat Blurred vision Vision .nytimes. including halos Heart and blood Irregular or slow heartbeat Low blood pressure Weakness http://health.Complications Eyes. nose. mouth.

nytimes.Complications Gastrointestinal Diarrhea Loss of appetite Nausea Stomach pain Vomiting .

Complications Nervous system Confusion Drowsiness Death Depression Fainting Headache Disorientation Dizziness Lethargy . .Treatment • activated charcoal in conjunction with intravenous fluids • gastric lavage http://www.

Treatment • breathing support and electrocardiogram • Digoxin-specific antibody fragments .

com/o/oleander_poiso ning/intro.nytimes.References • oleander/overview.rightdiagnosis.html • • 7187/ .htm • http://www.hindawi.

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