COMMUNITY BIOGAS NON-CONVENTIONAL ENRGY RESOURCES PLANT

PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN BIOGAS PRODUCTION BIOGAS APPLICATION

BIOGAS CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY
Vivek kumar Nathani Yashdeep Saraswat

COMMUNITY BIOGAS PLANT constructed in a common place The feed material collected from a group of households Produced biogas distributed to all the beneficiaries .

NEED : Source: MNRE 2008 To overcome the deficit between production and consumption An energy source expanding rural sector Also acts as a part of biological waste management system Renewable source of energy .

How it works: .

Biogas plant: working .

Benefits : .

PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN BIOGAS PRODUCTION The effects of heat The effects of PH The effects of toxicity The effects of organic load speed .

BIOGAS APPLICATION Usage In Heating Usage In Cooking Usage In Lighting Preparing Hot Water Usage In Internal Combustion Engine Electricity Production .

Usage In Heating acquired biogas is burned by a burner and the gained heat is used in houses animal stables. greenhouses and inside the facility Biogas stoves. . hot water cauldrons or steam cauldrons are generally used in this systems Biogas purification before usage is important to eliminate corroding hydrogen sulphur (H2S) and carbon dioxide.

Usage In Cooking can be used in kitchens as fuel for ovens and stoves using LPG .

Preparing Hot water To provide hot water at home and industrial need Also for geyser and other water heater systems .

this kind of applications is encouraged by several projects .Usage In Internal combustion Engine can be used in vehicles as an alternative fuel to common energy sources Especially in Europe.

Usage In Lighting Can be used in LPG-using lamps by burning directly Can also be done by transforming into electricity The efficiency level is low like 3% when burning .

40% .Usage In Electricity Production Especially in medium and large facilities Biogas is used in electric generators The electric transformation efficiency of biogas is about 22%.

BIOMASS CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY Biomass can be converted to energy in three ways:  Thermal conversion  Chemical conversion  Biochemical conversion. .

g.Thermal conversion Creates mass for Dendrothermal energy Uses heat as the dominant mechanism to convert biomass into another chemical form  is particularly suited for countries where the fuel wood grow more rapidly e. tropical countries .

and traces of methane . hydrogen. or to exploit some property of the process itself Biomass gasification is frequently done at atmospheric pressure Causes incomplete combustion of biomass to produce a combustible gas consisting of carbon monoxide.Chemical conversion To produce a fuel that is more conveniently used. transported or stored.

.Biochemical conversion Biochemical conversion makes use of the enzymes of bacteria and other micro-organisms to break down biomass To perform the conversion process: Anaerobic digestion Fermentation Composting.

Thank you .