Converts linear motion into rotating motion . in a reciprocating piston engine.INTRODUCTION The connecting rod or conrod connects the piston to the crank or crankshaft.

.e. piston pushing and piston pulling Transmits reciprocating motion into rotary Transfers lubricant oil from crank pin to piston pin providing a splash of oil.FUNCTIONS  Transmit either a push or a pull for charge(fuel+air) inlet or exhaust Rotate the crank through both halves of a revolution. i.

Vital for design of cross section & eye of connecting rod.FORCE ANALYSIS GAS PRESSURE Act at the time of expansion. . Force acting on piston gets transferred on small end of connecting rod.

Vital for design of big end cap & bolts. .FORCE ANALYSIS INERTIA FORCES Act after the completion of exhaust due to vacuum generation. Suction takes place due to these forces.

Failure of connecting rod BUCKLING IT TAKES PLACE WHEN THERE IS A CONSIDERABLE LENGTH IN PROPORTION IT`S BREADTH. . WHIPPING STRESS the transverse component of force acting on connecting rod tries to bend the conrod in the `s` shape.

Selection of material  Medium carbon steel(carbon: .45%) for industrial engines Alloy Steel(Nickel chromium / Chromium molybdenum) for automobile /aircraft engines.35%-. .

Design procedure Design for cross section of connecting rod Design for big & small end bearings Design for big end cap & bolts .

2. pressure acting on piston Determination of `t` Using Rankine`s formula. Consideration of buckling To make it`s strengthful both in xx Axis & YY Axis Equally I section is preferred. Dimensions of I section Thickness:t Width:4t Height:5t .Dimensions of cross-section  Pressure acting on connecting rod= Area of piston x Max.Design for cross section of connecting rod 1.

5 .5-2 For big end bearing : Max. Pressure acting on piston Pc=dp x lp x (pb)p l/d =1. Pressure acting = Area of piston x Max. Pressure acting = Area of piston x Max. Pressure acting on piston Pc=dc x lc x (pb)c l/d =1.25-1.Design for big & small end bearings For small end bearing : Max.

Distributed load.Design for big end cap & bolts Role of inertia force acting after exhaust For For Bolts: Pi :Inertia force[refer databook] (Pi)= 2(πd.d) σt /4 For Cap: Considering the load to be avg.l 6 . of Point load & U. Mb= (P i) max .

manufacturing I. Outer surfaces left Unfinished . Drop Forging II.